Each had different ideas where the border between Mexico and America existed. The Mexicans were Catholic and anti-slavery while the Americans were Protestant and pro-slavery. In 1848, the two countries went to war. Also, America wanted the territory, but so did Mexico, so they fought about that. The United States was justified in going to war with Mexico because of Manifest Destiny, the fact that the Mexicans shot first, and their commitment to an economic road map.
The Aztec empire is known for its power, geographical size, and sacrificial religion. Ironically it was all this that led to its downfall at the hands of Hernán Cortés on August 13, 1521. Aztec mythology foretold the prophecy of Quetzalcoatl, a god, who would return on the year One Reed (1519) to reclaim his kingdom. By the time the Aztec civilization was at its height in 1519 it already had several problems with revolts and rebellions due to its impressive geographical extent. Moctezuma had oppressed many tribes which quickly allied with Cortés in order to bring down their common enemy.
The Spanish monarchy relinquished colonial power over Mexico in 1821. After gaining independence, Mexico established legislatures, including the abolition of slavery (Document D). The abolition of slavery would lead to a mass controversy and essentially a war. Before the Mexican War, a mass influx of United States, immigrants had entered Texas (Document D). Defying Mexican legislature, citizens in the western and southern parts of the United States saw Texas as an economic miracle to sell slaves.
According to President James Polk, “Mexico had passed the boundary of the United States, has invaded our territory and shed American blood upon the American soil.” (Document B) Clearly, this document shows that an affair with the Mexicans inside the border of America caused Americans to become injured and killed. According to Jesus Velasco-Marquez, “Thus occupying the territory in dispute and increasing the possibilities of a confrontation… In the eyes of the [Mexican] government, the mobilization of the US army was an outright attack on Mexico…” (Document C) Clearly, the Americans were justified because they were settling into their own land, but the Mexicans attacked them while also crossing the border. Therefore, America was justified with going to war against Mexico. However, some people may disagree that America was justified, and might believe that it was not justified to declare war against Mexico. People may believe that they were not justified because the US had already stolen Texas from Mexico.
In the sixteenth century, Spanish exploration of the New World set off a series of events that involved vicious conquests, religious domination, and ethnic discrimination of Native people. Following these conquests, what was left of the Native population was subjected to colonialism, where European superiority and exploitation lived on. Even after gaining independence, prejudice and belittlement of Native Americans continued throughout nineteenth century Latin America and onward. Each of the four films touch on a specific era of Native and European contact, but they differ in terms of portraying the effects of colonialism. The Spanish conquest of the New World set the stage for the perpetual domination and discrimination of Native Americans.
Levy tells the story of Hernan Cortes, originally setting sail from Spain, as he sailed from Cuba to the shores of Mexico in 1519, eager about the discovery of new lands. Cortes, as well as many other explorers during this time, was inspired by the Three G’s: God, gold, and glory. He planned to conquer the new lands for Spain, to convert the natives to Catholicism, and to obtain the riches of the land, mostly gold. Conquistador is basically a record of the last days of the Aztec civilization, as the two groups, the Aztecs and the Spaniards, clash, and the Spaniards ultimately come out on top. When Cortes and his men first arrived on the island of Cozumel in 1519, they were unaware that a complex and advanced civilization was just beyond the shores of Mexico.
In the novel “Bless me, Ultima”, Rudolfo Anaya uses the cultural and religious syncretism in the society of New Mexico to display juxtaposition between the Luna and Márez, as well as Catholicism and the Golden Carp, to help Antonio solidify and change his beliefs, displaying the consequences and results of cultural syncretism. Anaya uses the contrast of the Golden Carp and Catholicism
Political (Leadership, citizenship, decision-making institutions) In 1502, Montezuma the 2nd became emperor in the Aztec community. During his time, he demanded that he would have more tribute, land, and victims for sacrifices. When he met with Hernan Cortes he was hoping to avoid war and be peaceful. This ended up of him going to prison. Leaders: (Include Name, Time period and achievements)
In Alejandro Morales’ novel The Rag Doll Plagues, the role that Mexicans play in the dominant European culture is explored through the eyes of a seventeenth century Spanish doctor named Gregorio Revueltas. The king of Spain sends him to Mexico so that he might improve the health conditions there and Gregorio obliges, although he is extremely reluctant to leave the civility of his homeland to live in what he considers a filthy and immoral colony. There, he is confronted with a murderous plague that is attacking the Mexican community and sparing no one. Faced with an impossible task, Gregorio is forced to reconsider everything he thinks he knows about life in Mexico. Gregorio initially regards the citizens in Mexico with contempt that makes it clear he believes himself to be better in all aspects in comparison to them.
A papal bull which granted the Spanish Crown the right to colonize all the land in the west and helped to make destruction, killing and any form of cruellest warfare legal in the case, that the Taínos resisted the Spanish supremacy or the teaching of the Christian faith. In the proceeding 16th century a number of laws tried to lessen the Spanish influence and cruelty to the Taínos and other North American tribes but it was too late. Cultural collisions as cruel as they were developed a certain form of cultural mixing. This happened in the exchanging and utilisation of different crops and livestock, the mixing of religious attitudes, technology and of course the creation of a mixed population. Collisions represent the largest outcome of cultural encounters throughout the centuries.
In chapter four, Menchaca discussed how the Spanish during the late seventh century colonized Texas and Arizona to increase their power and control over the Southwest. The Spanish sent their military powers and church friars to set up forts and missions to control the large vast areas of land. Menchaca discussed the history of Texas 's founding and how it came into the possession of the Spanish. The Spanish wanted to settle in Texas because of possible threats of from the French invading their settled land. They set up missions as a way to protect their new conquered land.
The President of Mexico, Santa Anna was captured the next day and held as a prisoner of war. He signed the peace treaty for the Mexican army to leave the region and paving the way for the Republic of Texas to become an independent country. The treaties were not specifically recognize Texas as a Sovereign nation, but stipulated that Santa Anna was to lobby for such recognition in Mexico City. Sam Houston became a national celebrity and became etched into Texan history and legend. But this era gives the massive distrust of central government to the United
Benito Juarez was the 26th President of Mexico. Señor Juarez did a lot for the well being of Mexico, such as stopping the French in Mexico, stopping the Second Mexican Empire, modernizing the country, and other great deeds. Benito Juarez also was a lawyer and a governor before becoming president. President Juarez helped Mexico stop the interference of the French in Mexico. This was an event when Napoleon the Third of France brought his military into Mexico and tried to seize the country.
Anglo-Saxons are already moving into California and building schools, buildings, and houses. (Sullivan 323). This information shows that Anglo-Saxons are settling into California which is Mexican land. “Thus, when the Mexican government learned of the treaty signed between Texas and the United States in April 1844, it…. Would consider such an act “a declaration of war.” (Marquez 327) This direct quote shows that Mexico is angry that the U.S. is taking more land.
In sixteenth century Spain, the first debate on human rights in relation to the newly discovered Americas was held between a Spanish scholar and priest. One Spanish scholar was Juan Ginès de Sepúlveda who believed that the Native Americans were inferior type of human to Spaniards and believed that Spain should invade the Americas and enslave the Indians. The priest that opposed him was Bartolomé de Las Casas, who believed that the Native Americans were human and should not be invaded by Spain. The debate that took place was because the two sides were using two different criteria to judge the Native Americans, Sepúlveda who compared the Indians to contemporary Spain of the sixteenth century while Las Casas compares the Native Americans to earlier