According to the article “Is Racial Or Religious Profiling Ever Justified?”it states “ When officials use profiling, they are indirectly blaming entire communities because a few among them have committed horrible crimes”(Abbas 1). The quotation is illustrating how stereotypes is part of racial profiling because if few people were to do crimes that were illegal, many would think all people are the same. Police departments would think that all people are alike based on the increasing of violence and would blame communities. In addition, In the article “stanford researchers develop new statistical test that shows racial profiling in police traffic stops” it states, “Specifically, the study found that police decided to search black drivers based on a 7 percent certainty that they might be hiding something illegal. If an African American driver looks nervous, for example, police might interpret the nervousness as a sign of possible guilt and insist on a search” ( Andrews 1).
Throughout history, disputes and tensions between law enforcement officials and communities of minorities have endured hostility and violence between each other. Racial profiling has become a “hot topic” for researchers as well as for politicians and by now it is likely that most citizens are at least aware of the common accusations of racial bias pitted against law enforcement (Cochran & Warren, 2013). Communities of color are being discriminated against and racially profiled by white police officers for any suspicion of criminal activities. It has been widely assumed by policy makers and citizens alike that allegations of racial profiling are mostly associated with the policing practices of white officers and their treatment of racial and ethnic minorities (Cochran & Warren, 2013). Also, individuals of minority descent will certainly recognize that they are being racially profiled during a stop that is being conducted by a white police officer.
Negative images of this group and stereotypical biases directed at its members may automatically lead to them being stopped and arrested. Due to such biases, law enforcement officials assume that every African American male is a threat to them, and to society. Racial profiling due to stereotypical biases also has a direct correlation to the high incarceration rate of African-American males, especially those between the ages of twenty and thirty nine. Moreover targeting minorities for traffic stops, especially African-American and Hispanic males, may enhance their sentence for other crimes, if the traffic violation is considered in determining their penalty.
Numerous studies have provided different perspectives and evidence on the impact of racial inequality in the criminal justice systems, specifically how these racial inequalities affect black Americans. Lisa Miller found in The Invisible Black: Victim, “mistreatment by law enforcement, law-makers, and federalism” in the racial bias toward black Americans (2010). Pettit and Skyes in Civil Rights Legislation and Legalized Exclusion, point out that black males are more likely to end up in jail (2015). A sociologist named David Garland contrived the term “mass incarceration” to explain high incarceration rates in the United States (U.S) (Pettit and Skyes 2015). Currently, the highest incarceration is among black men of 1 in 15 (Miller 2010).
In 2014, the UN Committee against Torture reprobated police brutality and inordinate use of force by law enforcement in the US, and highlighted the "steady and recurrent police shootings or fatal pursuits of unarmed black individuals. “According to a 2016 report by the United Nations ' Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent, "contemporary police killings and the trauma that they create are evocative of the past racial terror of murder. There are many reasons as to why police officers can sometimes be overly combative. It is thought that some personality traits make some officers more predisposed to the use of excessive force than others. In one study, police psychologists were surveyed on officers who had used excessive force.
The criminal equity framework in the United States has endured a stupendous advancement. There are more than a huge number of African American men in jail that are imprisoned and a large portion of them may never get out. It is conceivable that more African American guys will go to jail in their life expectancy than some other race. This have made dark groups and the up and coming eras dependably turn into the objective. The greater part of these families as of now experience serious difficulties for their family because of single child rearing, the unemployment rate for dark male go up, they can 't vote while being imprisoned, and more individuals feel like jail is another home outside of their home.
Police brutality has been a recent rising topic in today’s society. Black people and other minorities are being killed for no specific reason. The color of their skin automatically seems to make them threatening. By wearing darker clothing, they are often looked as sketchy or suspicious. Police officers who are present in certain situations tend to feel scared or threatened.
How Do the Cons of Racial Profiling Outnumber the Pros? In the U.S today, many cases involving racial profiling have occurred. In fact, the popular hashtag called “#blacklivesmatter” stemmed from the deaths cases and unfair treatment of minorities by police officers using racial profiling. Racial profiling can be described as “the use of race or ethnicity as grounds for suspecting someone of having committed an offense”. Although there are some that deny it, racial profiling is widely practiced all over the U.S.
Brianna Marquez English III - 5th period May 22, 2018 Being bad & getting exposed Police brutality and the system being corrupt has always been an issue in America, but lately it’s been brought up more and more in the media. The system hasn 't always revealed the full truth about stories, but now with technology it has become a concern that the police are covering up things that we should know. Recently there have been more protests and riots about officers not doing their jobs and they are going out of there way to hurt victims.
Police Brutality and Race Police brutality is not a new problem in the United States. It has occurred throughout history and has affected all genders, ethnicities, and races. Recently, however, police brutality towards African Americans has become a controversial topic in the news media, and has prompted heated discussions and angry public outcry about race relations and civil rights throughout all sections of the country. Ever since the Michael Brown shooting in 2014, which was caught on camera and viewed widely on national television and on social media, the police have been under scrutiny by both the news media and the general population to stop their use of physical force and unnecessary violence when apprehending and confronting criminals.
Racial profiling can cause multiple problems. Several law enforcement agencies have gone through expensive litigation over civil rights concerns. Police-citizen relations in those communities have been strained, making policing all the more challenging. Most importantly, racial profiling is unlikely to be an effective policing strategy as criminals can simply shift their activities outside the profile (e.g., if racial profiling begins with police stopping black males in their teens and twenties. The "cumulative impact of racial discrimination accounts for the special, way that blacks have of looking at and evaluating" their experiences in public encounters (Feagin, 1991:115).
Injustice within police brutality among African Americans In recent years, there has been many controversial cases among African American with police brutality. As a police officer’s job is to serve, and protect all, their judgement and decision making among whom to serve and protect has been brought up to the public eye. There has been unjustified shooting, excessive beatings, fatal choking, and unfair treatment because of the color of one’s skin tone. Lives are being taken, families are being destroy and as a result, the impact of police brutality among African Americans have to be mandatory discharged in society today.
One of the most heated issues in law enforcement is the profiling of individuals based solely upon the race, ethnicity, or national origin of the individual. Statistics show that African Americans are several times more likely to be arrested and put in jail than white Americans. As of 2000, fewer African American men were in college than were in prison. Moreover, black children were nine times as likely as white children to have at least one parent in
In this particular conflict, conflict has been built one to another. Ferguson is highly populated by black population; however, there is a lack of representation within the law enforcement by blacks. The problem also situated because of heavily militarization of police. People see a police force as an enemy and the entire community sees the Michael Brown as their child. In addition, violence created violence, some extreme groups, or criminal gangs have had the opportunity to create more violence through looting, and burning the city.
The ones they are using however, are over the top and resulting in injury or death of the people they are arresting. In a “study—which gathered data voluntarily reported to the FBI from 2011–2012, tracked by race (excluding Latinos)— found that 70 departments from Connecticut to California arrest Blacks at a rate 10 times more than people of other races” (Catalan, DiversityInc). In addition, they are using these harsh tactics on primarily African Americans, who most of the time are getting stopped for a traffic violation and end up being hurt or killed. In this case, many officers are abusing their powers, shooting people, and claiming it was an act of self