Coastal Aquaculture

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The majority of production takes place in specific ponds throughout the year. This is done in a traditional way (extensive) with ponds of 1.5 ha and bigger, such as in Kerala and West Bengal or a semi-intensive way with ponds below 0.5 ha, as in Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and Odisha.The latter production technique entails technical modifications and investment in fertilizers, pumps and construction. In traditional ponds different species (brackish and freshwater) are produced simultaneously and their growth rate is higher than in semi-intensive ponds. Often, farmers produce other products as well. 90% of the farmers in marine and brackish aquaculture own less than have difficulties obtaining finances for investments The shrimp production is however highly profitable. In…show more content…
This prohibition is not for traditional or improved traditional ponds. Additionally, the court ruled that an authority for protecting the environment of the coastal area had to be established. This Aquaculture Authority has been founded and resorts under the Ministry of Agriculture. The organization issues licenses to eligible farms, feed and hatchery companies only. Although the use of farmland for aquaculture is not allowed everywhere, possibilities may exist with the combined use of agriculture and aquaculture through rice cultivation during the rainy months and shrimp cultivation during the rest of the year, as is done in Kerala and West Bengal. Moreover, in line with the Indian priorities, existing swamps and derelict waters offer a huge potential for the production of catfish. Marine

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