Protectionism is coming to us from all directions, and numerous nations are using both direct and indirect barriers to trade, as when they require to do so. What economists mostly talk about are the threats of protectionism, rather than its benefits and how protectionism isn’t a long term solution. By now we have understood that protectionism, whether we like it or not, is used in certain economic situation by every other country, but it shouldn’t be seen as a permanent solution. Protectionism is a superficially convincing concept, because we can immediately point out the number of jobs saved, lesser no of imports etc. but it slightly more difficult to see the benefits of free trade in numbers, but one country’s protectionist policies will not just hurt their trading countries exports.
And let’s be clear that there is no perfect cultural policy and all policy will have their issues and some may be similar to others, and may not be able to fulfill everyone’s needs based on the countries’ accessibility to resources and funding or maybe the nature of the country’s culture. However, there are some commendable areas in both policies, as well as it is applaudable, their interest in pursuing a cultural policy to assist in the development of their countries. And, we look forward to the future revision of these cultural policies to see if these issues identified were address, and if there has been improvement in not only the cultural policy, but in the development of their culture entirely especially through the implementation of their cultural
The proponents of the theory see this move being necessary when human rights are violated and consider this move to be more essential than those of sovereignty, since their actions are strictly motivated by the human need (Stewart & Knaus, 2011). However, the theory has been criticized by its opponents, terming it as a false move that has not been sanctioned, and that is undertaken by a nation under the pretence of rendering humanitarian help but is only aimed at achieving ambiguous goals Chomsky,
There has been a basic difference in the processes of migration in developing countries from that of thedeveloped countries. In developing countries like India, migration mostly takes place not due to the so called pull forces of the destination place as usually happens in case of developed countries, but because of poverty, unemployment, natural calamities and underdevelopment at the origin place. Migration in developing countries is still viewed as a survival strategy. Poverty and prosperity both are responsible for inducing migration. While the former is mostly true in developing countries, the latter kind of migration is found in developed countries.Migration and development is a growing area of interest.
Language Policy Language Policy contributes to the growth of the field by publishing high-quality studies that help build a sound theoretical understanding of the subject area. It presents papers that deal with the widest range of cases, situations and regions. Many countries have a language policy designed to encourage or discourage the use of a particular language or set of languages. Although nations historically have used language policies most often to promote one official language at the expense of others, many countries now have policies designed to protect and promote regional and ethnic languages whose viability is threatened. Indeed, whilst the existence of linguistic minorities within their jurisdiction has often been considered to be a potential threat to internal cohesion, States also understand that providing language rights to minorities may be more in their long term interest, as a means of gaining citizens’ trust in the central government.
Reflected in many of the most important policy decisions of today is the philosophy of Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is the moral idea that “what is right (or a duty) is whatever maximizes the total amount of net utility.” Utilitarianism, at the time of its introduction, was a revolutionary moral philosophy. This is because utilitarianism underscores the idea that the consequences of a person’s actions are the most morally significant. So it is not the agent’s well-being that is morally significant, but instead the maximum well-being of others In terms of public policy, politicians often use utilitarianism in the form of “cost-benefit analysis” in order to make decisions. Cost-benefit analysis uses utility to “approximate the principle that
The prudence can only be reasonable in a system of balance of power because this balance should be maintained by great powers. So, when it comes to the question of morality and prudence, Waltz is ambiguous. On the one side, he argues that this result in the clash of order and survival. On the other, it leads to the discussion about what people are willing to and should fight for. The moral element was always there but with entering the nuclear era it becomes more
This virtues pros are that of having hope, whereby it’s the key to success as having hopes leads to having higher aims and thus temptations which leads to great achievements. transcendence helps us appreciate who we are for instance if taken the Kurdish society as an example we see that many don’t appreciate who they are and where they come from thus they try to copy others which then leads to negative outcomes, like loss of culture and unique traditions so having transcendence exist among all can aid in having more self-appreciation. On the other hand, in running a country aiming for satisfaction among all the virtue of transcendence may not play a big role. For instance, humor and spirituality may be helpful for a while in keeping everyone away of the existing issues, yet it will never solve the fact of a country being corrupted, or the truth of having no justice. Furthermore like
For example, international trade can be regulated effectively because it is a yes or no matter, it excludes the more controversial aspects such as customs and tradition. International law struggles to enforce laws based on morality and human rights, primarily because of their diverse interpretations across cultures (Theiler, 2014). Improvements in international law are occurring regularly in hopes of eventually becoming as effective, if not more effective than domestic law. International law can be costly, imposing sanctions can be very expensive and rewards are also costly and unpopular among states. The concept of “Reversible rewards” has been groundbreaking for the international system.
One of the main things I have learned is that persuasion in ist good and ethical way does not only have a positive effect on the persuader but also on the person that is persuaded. This is what we should strive for and it definitely resonates with me personally. However, in my opinion this works very well in theory, but in practice, especially in the media and in politics, there are way too many people who are only interested in their WIN but do not care if it is also a WIN for the other person or rather a LOOSE. All that counts for them is their winning and they are therefore willing to accept if the people they address loose. Persuasion should be seen as a longterm process (reference).