The west then supplied Berlin by air. 275 000 planes transported 1.5 million tons of goods to Berlin's airport. In May 12 1949 Stalin abandoned the blockade. Short term this resulted in the Cold war breaking out and the arms race. Long term this resulted in the iron curtain coming down permanently.
The Berlin Wall The Berlin Wall was a symbol of the Cold War and a picture of the separation of ideas and government from east and west. The Wall was put up to keep the East Germans from leaving the Soviet half of Berlin and West Germans from bringing their democratic ideas into East Berlin. Although the Soviets built the Wall during the Cold War in an attempt to defend their nation from western ideas invading Eastern Europe, it proved to be the downfall of the Soviet Union and socialism. The Cold War was a competition between the United States and the Soviet Union that started after World War II. This war is called the Cold War because neither sides fired any weapons.
The doomsday clock had begun. However, the Kennedy administration worked hard. Even Kennedy’s brother Robert Kennedy negotiated with the Soviet ambassador Anatoly Dobrynin They negotiated through the night and reached an agreement that could possible benefit both sides. Robert Kennedy stated that the U.S. would call off the quarantine if the Soviet Union would remove the missiles from Cuba and stop their shipments to it. First, they needed to make sure the leaders approved and revised it so no miscommunications would happen and someone would get the wrong idea and begin world nuclear war.
As the invasion went on, the chance of the U.S winning decreased within every hour. President Kennedy then ordered an “air-umbrella” at dawn. This plan demolished the U.S military. Because Kennedy was new in office, he wanted to do the “right thing” and make everyone proud that they voted for him. Unfortunately the CIA had created the plans before Kennedy was in office, and they did not share all of the information with him and manipulated him into approving it.
This wall didn’t bring any good to the citizens, only to the government. It was tearing families apart and has restricted the freedom of movement. When the government built this wall, it only thought about its own needs and not about the citizens’ needs. Government role was and it is to help to the citizens and not otherwise .The main purpose of this wall was simply to keep western people and eastern communists apart and to make the people of East Germany “blind”. This purpose had nothing to do with improving the life of the citizens.
After the defeat of Germany in World War One and a day after the Kaiser was forced to abdicate and sent to Belgium, the Weimar republic was born. (10 November 1918). The republic was a democracy-based constitution thought as an emergency solution, set up to alleviate the effects of World War One on the German population. The republic although failed to do so and after the Allies imposed the Treaty of Versailles on Germany, and the republic was forced to sign it, the majority of the German population, who wasn’t exactly thrilled about this new democratic based republic, felt betrayed and angered at the Weimar Republic. It wasn’t exactly the best start for the republic and many Germans will hold this grudge till 1933 and over.
Hitler created the Law of the Protection of the People and State, which banned communists and socialists from the elections. What this meant was that there were less voters for the other parties and more for the National Socialist German Workers ' Party. Later on, he banned all political parties except the National Socialists. In the end, separate state parliaments still existed, but had no power; most were removed from their jobs. By doing this, Hitler made sure he was the most powerful and latter on, only political leader.
On June 26, 1963, John F. Kennedy stopped in the city of West Berlin in Germany which, at the time, was under American, French, and British control after the city of Berlin was split into four sections controlled by France, Great Britain, United States of America, and the Soviet Union following World War 2. Kennedy delivered this speech in order to reassure the citizens of West Berlin that they had the support of the Western powers such as America despite attempts from the Soviet Union to destroy West Berlin by blockading all roads and railways into West Berlin and constructing the infamous Berlin Wall to prevent those who were living under Soviet control from moving from East Berlin to West Berlin and achieving freedom. Kennedy used this speech to not only show support to the people of West Berlin, but also to show the Soviet Union that the USA and other powerful nations were backing up the citizens of West Berlin who were willing to
Hitler believed that Model wasn’t capable of restoring the German defense, so he replaced Model with Von Rundstedt as OB West. Hitler ordered Von Rundstedt to keep the Siegfried line in readiness. Siegfried line was a defense system stretching more than 630 km, with 18,000 bunkers, tunnels and tank traps. Von Rundstedt ordered the 15th Army to retreat to the west, with the exception of some units who had to defend the Canal ports. (Appendix E) The failure of the British to stop this retreat was a big mistake because Von Rundstedt had 60,000 more men at his
Their army was reduced to 100,000 men, their navy and air force were restricted, Anschluss with Austria was forbidden and they had to pay reparations of a total of 6.6 billion pounds. Germany was not consulted about this and was forced to sign. Finally, Hitler followed an expansionist policy of Lebensraum, which means living space. This term was used by Nazis to justify their claim to large areas of Russia and Eastern Europe. It was to cater for the growing German population and there are no doubt that Hitler’s aims and objectives contributed to Hitler dominating the diplomatic stage in Europe.
Harry Truman thought that giving up on berlin would lead to the loss of all Germany under the control of the Soviets. Western Germany was thinking of responding to the blockade, but due to the lack of manpower, they didn’t. The U.S. agreed with their allies to supply western Berlin through air hallways. Supplies were sent every day. 1948 became very tense as Soviet planes went over the U.S. planes that were over East Germany, The Soviets didn’t try to shoot down any of the Western, because such it might lead to war.