First, it was obvious to the creators of the wall, the communist East German government, that there was something strange going on when the people of East Berlin would suddenly go missing. Then they figured it out, they were fleeing to a part of the country that was not governed by communist rules, West Berlin. So, they wanted to find a way to keep their people where they could control them, and so they build the Berlin Wall to totally surround West Berlin (BBC Writers). They began construction on the wall on the night of August 12, 1961. While doing so, they hoped to stop, or more accurately to scare away, the people planning on feeling to West Berlin.
One of Stalin’s main goals for building the blockade was to drive democracy out of the city. But of course that didn’t go as planned. In fact Berlin possibly became even more democratic after the blockade. Soviet authorities finally realized that the allies were determined to stay in Berlin and that the blockade was useless and on May 12, 1949, the blockade was taken down. The airlift continued until September 30, 1949.
What purpose does or did the wall serve? The government of East Germany told to its citizens that the purpose was to protect them from the people from West Germany, but in fact the true purpose was that the Berlin wall kept East Germans from immigrating to West Germany through Berlin. Nowadays the purpose of the wall is to serve as a historical monument of the Cold War and separation of Germany and Berlin. 3.”Who or what” was it walling out or walling in”?
In line with the UK’s priorities, EFTA involved no loss of national sovereignty but it eventually became clear that EFTA was not beneficial to the UK economically, as it did not provide access to any large markets. In this period, Britain was also engaged in the decolonisation process and its international economic and political position was suffering considerable deterioration. Humiliation at Suez in 1956 confirmed that Britain was no longer a world power. ‘Britain had excluded itself from a dynamic Customs Union of 170 million’ and its access to the European market was impeded by the common external tariff.
Whereas, Germany was not invited and had no say in their overall punishment. The signing of the Versailles Peace Treaty is significant because it tied up the loose ends of WWI. 2. Three points stated in Woodrow Wilson's 14 Points were: I. no secret alliances or treaties, II. freedom of the seas regardless of war, and III.
Following WWII the U.S and Russia sought to spread their government influence of capitalism and communism with the world. With differences in ideas the U.S feared that communism would take over the world and it was their job to allow each nation the freedom to be govern by the people. The cold war was never a direct war but more of a series of proxy wars. The countries never declared war on one another but rather contained the expansion of each other’s influences.
Although the Soviets imposed a Stalin type of regime in Hungary during the beginning of the Soviet occupation, things continued to get worse after the failed election of the communist party in Hungary (Country Report, 2010). For example Vyachslev Molatav, a diplomat for the Soviet Union, commanded Matyas Rakosi, the leader of the Communist Party in Hungary, to use tougher actions against the Hungarian citizens in order to make a more pronounced class struggle (Wettig, 2008). The electoral loss of the Communist Party in the 1945 Hungarian elections illustrated the reality that the Central European Communists parties were weak; thus the Soviet Union felt that it was necessary to apply harsh measures onto the Hungarian people in order to ensure the survival of a communist government (Naimark, 1995). Although the Soviets believed that these measures would enforce communism as a way of life over the Hungarian population, this ended up driving the Hungarians to revolt in
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others). Historians do not fully agree on the dates, but a common timeframe is the period between 1947, the year the Truman Doctrine (a U.S. foreign policy pledging to aid nations threatened by Soviet expansionism) was announced, and 1991, the year the Soviet Union collapsed. The term "cold" is used because there was no large-scale fighting directly between the two sides involved in the conflict, although there were major regional wars, known as proxy wars, supported by the two sides. The Cold War split the temporary wartime alliance against Nazi Germany, leaving the Soviet Union and the United States as two superpowers with profound economic and political differences.
Berlin Blockade The Berlin Blockade was the first catastrophe of the Cold War. By 1945, Germany had lost the war and was divided into 4 sectors: the British, Soviet Zone, French Zone, and the American Zone. In the process of trying to gain economic recovery in Germany, the US, Great Britain, and France tried to change the currency.
Berlin Airlift: Before WWII,the Soviet Union blocked the roads into Berlin, (not allowing goods or people to enter and leave) while the Western Allies were staying in Berlin, which caused the Berlin Airlift. The Berlin Airlift took place from 1948-1949, the end of WWII. U.S, Britain, and Soviet Union military forces occupied Germany. A direct result of the blockade was that, the people of West Berlin were left without vital supplies(clothing, food, etc.) A few U.S. officials wanted a bellicose retort to the Soviet’s actions but a different plan was made.
When the government detected a threat, it acted swiftly as to prevent a bloody war that would destroy the world. The governments put in place in Guatemala, Chile, Iran, and South Vietnam were supposed to prevent the spread of the Soviet Union forces and therefore, protect the United States as a
Imagine if you lived in a place where you had no freedom, and you were ruled by a man like Joseph Stalin. That is what it would be like in many countries if it weren’t for the United States’ policy of containment. During the Cold War, the Soviet Union wanted to take over other countries and make them have the government system of Communism. The United States didn’t like that, because they thought their governmental system of Democracy was better. As a result, the U.S. adopted a policy of “Containment”.
President Truman’s number one goal in the Korean War was to prevent a wide scale war. He did not want to involve other countries into this war and wanted to resolve the communist conflict in Korea. He was afraid that any more involvement of the countries would result in a third world war. It was simply a problem of containment in Korea and the intervention of the Soviet Union or other European countries would be fatal. If America was successful in taken down the power of the communist forces in Korea, the countries would naturally find peace again.