Social Cognitive Theory Of Cigarette Smoking

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Theoretical Framework The study anchored to the following theories: Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura 1986) and Physiological Models of addiction (Gonzales, Hatukami & Rigotti 1988) were taken to stand for respondents addiction on cigarette smoking. Health Belief Model Theory (Janz & Becker 1984), Protection Motivation Theory (Cheng, Gong & Sun 1990) and Stage model of Initiation and Progression Theory (Sun, Unger & Sussman 2005) were taken to stands for respondents coping strategies. Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura 1986) is an extension of social learning theory, posits that people learn from one another through observation, instruction, or modeling. It expands on behaviorism by explaining behavior as a product of reciprocal interactions …show more content…

Nicotine use causes the release of dopamine, leading to feelings of reward and pleasure. However, the effects of nicotine are short lasting, and often followed by withdrawal symptoms such as cravings and irritability. Over time and with continued use, the number of nicotine receptors in the brain can increase, compounding nicotine cravings. Frequently pairing smoking with another activity can also lead to neurochemical changes that affect how parts of the brain connect with each other, which creates the unconscious associations between certain activities and cravings. Further, a person’s genes play an important role in addiction, with certain genetic variants appearing to influence how heavily a person will smoke, how addicted to nicotine he or she becomes, and the likelihood of relapse after …show more content…

The HBM was developed to explain and predict health-related behaviors, and is one of the most commonly applied models in health behavior research and practice. It suggests that engagement (or lack of engagement) in health-promoting behavior can be predicted by people's perceived susceptibility (i.e., beliefs about their risk of contracting a health condition), perceived threat (feelings concerning the seriousness of contracting an illness or leaving it untreated), perceived benefits of taking health action and barriers to action, perceived self-efficacy (i.e., beliefs about their ability to perform the action), and cues/triggers to

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