It could also be defined as social research that uses empirical methods and empirical statement. Since quantitative research is about collecting numerical data to explain a phenomenon, particular question seem immediately suited to being answered using quantitative method. Quantitative research is a systematic process used to gather and statistically analyze information that has been measured by an instrument. Instruments are used to convert information into numbers. It examines phenomenon through the numerical representation of observations and statistical analysis.
It provides an understanding of the problem, help to develop ideas for supporting quantitative research (Snapsurveys, 2016). I believe that qualitative research brings opinions or hypotheses and goes deeper into the issues or problems. There are many techniques used to collect the data like focus groups, conducting interviews and observations. I think the sample size here is small and the sampling is selected to fulfill the subject of study. For example, my friend is studying the role of heritage in attracting foreigners to Oman.
Quantitative analysis is the best research design or strategies of inquiry for this study. It is based on an experimental design. This experiment would fall into the non-experimental form of research known as the correlational design. Correlational design is when researchers use the correlational statistic to describe and measure the degree or association between two or more variables (Creswell, 2012). The study of the competitive exclusion theory will be based on statistical analysis rather than using equipment.
The research was analysed both qualitatively quantitatively. Qualitative research is used to understand, explain, explore, discover and clarify situations, feelings, perceptions, attitudes, values, beliefs and experiences of a group of people. The study designs are therefore often based on deductive rather than inductive approach and are flexible and emergent in nature. They are non-linear and non-sequential in their operationalization. The study design mainly entails the selection of people from whom the information, through an open frame of enquiry is explored and gathered.
According to Maree (2012) qualitative research is on a naturalistic approach that seeks to understand phenomena in context (real world settings). Further, in general, the researcher does not attempt to manipulate the phenomena of interest. In other words, research is carried out in real-life situations and not in an experimental (test-retest) situation. The study employed a narrative inquiry which rely on the stories of learners, teachers and parents. Clandinin & Rosiek (2007) state that narrative inquiry is the study of experience through narratives of the participants and the research has to think reflexively and narratively through the research process.
Qualitative research explores phenomena and relies heavily on extensive interviewing. Once its data is collected, its research is modified according to what is found (Mack et al., 2005). Quantitative research, however, attempts to prove or disprove existing hypotheses concerning phenomena (Mack et al., 2005). It employs very rigid surveys, observations, and questionnaires. Despite their differences, both qualitative and quantitative research are effective and evidence
2000, p.428) stated that the Qualitative research methods are interpretative and plan to make a depth of understanding. The foundations of these qualitative methods are on words, perceptions, feelings etc. instead of numbers they include experiments, interview, focus groups and questionnaires with open ended-questions. A qualitative research is a categorize vision,
According to Creswell, research design is planning and the procedures, which are more important than the decision to the detailed methods of data collection and analysis. (Creswell, 2009) There are three methods to gathering and reporting information which are qualitative research, quantitative research and mixed method (qualitative and quantitative), these three methods can collect the data into different ways and find different information about the research topic. Qualitative research method Qualitative research is a primarily exploratory, which is used to exploring and understanding the meaning of individuals of groups and the underlying. This method is mainly focused on the individuals and will find the problem deeply. For the data collection,
Qualitative research is useful for exploring new topics or understanding complex issues; for explaining people’s beliefs and behaviour and for identifying the social or cultural norms of a culture or society. Therefore, qualitative research is most suitable for addressing “why” questions that describe processes or behaviour. Qualitative methods are also particularly suitable for examining sensitive topics, as the process of rapport building provides a comfortable atmosphere for participant
INTRODUCTION The researchers are subjected to different theories, methods, and belief systems which are already existing to guide the investigation, inquiry or study. The research tradition or research paradigm is the system that a researcher needs to follow based on type of a research. Research Paradigm can be defined as a belief system which guides the researcher on how the study should be investigated and addressed. The focus of following paper will be on differentiating between three types of research traditions which are positivism, interpretivism and critical realism based on their positions on; reason for research, ontology, epistemology, axiology, and methodology. POSITIVISM Positivism paradigm originated in 19th century as result