Theories Of Piaget's Stages Of Development

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“The principle goal of education in the schools should be creating men and women who are capable of doing new things, not simply repeating what other generations have done.” Jean Piaget. This was the basis of Swiss theorist, Jean Piaget’s life; he was a creator of new things. At the age of 11, in 1907, he published a paper on the study of a rare albino sparrow, which showed his leaning towards the natural sciences. This was a complete difference from his father’s historical career. Piaget was exposed to philosophy, biology and epistemology, through this exposure he created a new field which he called genetic epistemology. After he married Valentine Châtenay, in 1923, he later studied their three children from infancy and discovered the four…show more content…
He also established the stages of development based on the observation of his own children. He determined that they were 4 stages: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete and the formal operational stage. Piaget acknowledged that transitional stages may vary but he believed that at some point all children must go through these…show more content…
These processes are continuous and work together from birth to thrust development forward. First, a person develops a scheme of the information. Piaget purports that “specific psychological structures- organised ways of making sense of experience are called schemes.” (Berk, 2008) The next process is assimilation in which, “ we use our current schemes to interpret the external world.” (Berk, 2008). Following this after developing many schemes we “ create new schemes or adjust old ones after noticing that our current way of thinking does not capture the environment completely” (Berk, 2008) this is called the process of accommodation. The final state of cognitive change proposed is that of organisation; the schemes change in an internal process where, “Once children form new schemes, they rearrange them, linking them with other schemes to create a strongly interconnected cognitive system.” (Berk, 2008) Stages of development Piaget suggested is a stage theory, he proposed that children progress through four major stages of cognitive development, which are characterised by different thought processes. Stage 1: the sensorimotor period, stage 2: the preoperational period, stage 3: concrete operational period and stage 4: formal operational period. Each stage has an age range and Piaget acknowledged that transitional stages may vary but he believed that at some
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