As a result, Glaucon states “he who wills to be unjust but not seems so is the real man of truth” (Plato 113), exemplifying that this man lives his life in a way most similar to reality. This statement supports the opinion that reality is the way in which man is naturally immoral, however he can not appear to be immoral as this would affect his reputation and acquisition of other benefits. As a result, a man must appear moral even if it is untrue to their actual character, to reap benefits such as high office social praise. As a result appearing moral is necessary and desirable as part of a social aspect, however all the while is unnatural with immorality being
Both of these highly influential authors had different opinions on ruling that would shape how people would rule during their time and for rulers to come. One of Machiavelli’s major points in The Prince was that it was better to be feared than to be loved. He said this was because while both ways can be useful tools to help one rule, men are less likely to turn a ruler if they were afraid of punishment. Machiavelli had little faith in the common man and had this to say about them, “They are ungrateful, fickle, deceptive and deceiving, avoiders of dangers, eager to gain”(pg.353). Machiavelli believed that men will follow a ruler as long as the ruler serves their interests, and a quick to turn against the ruler unless they fear great punishment.
Socrates allows Thrasymachus to entertain his ideas in a public setting, but questions his position on the fallibility and infallibility of rulers. Thrasymachus is in favor of the strong ruling as opposed to the weak, while Socrates believes that those with the proper knowledge and capabilities should rule over the general population. Through asking the correct questions, Socrates was able to deconstruct the argument that Thrasymachus believed was untouchable. Thrasymachus could have answered Socrates in a more successful way by putting more thought into his answers, and by treating Socrates with more respect. Due to Thrasymachus’ incapability of completing the aforementioned, Socrates has the stronger argument because he demonstrates that
Virtue is important when people consider their own characters: virtues are what defines a person, what they stand for, what they believe in. The argument made here is that virtue is a type of knowledge, as Plato states in Meno. In Meno, Socrates and Meno talk about how virtue is not a type of knowledge, up until they describe it. Socrates says, “If then virtue is something in the soul and it must be beneficial, it must be knowledge, since all the qualities of the soul are in themselves neither beneficial nor harmful, but accompanied by wisdom or folly they become harmful or beneficial.” (88c4-88d2) Wisdom is necessary for the characteristics of the soul, such as that brashness is a result of courage without wisdom, and because an understanding is necessary to have virtue, it is a characteristic of
He has some saving graces. He is a principled individual and in this regard is prepared to perform what he accepts to be his obligation to the gods — despite the fact that it includes bringing charges against his own particular father. It creates the impression that what Euthyphro's dad has done under the current conditions was reasonable under Athenian law, and it was very improbable that he would be rebuffed. By and by, Euthyphro trusts it is his religious obligation to report what his dad has done, which is his fundamental explanation behind doing it. Having satisfied his obligation as to the occasion, his still, small voice will find a sense of contentment.
More finds that creating strict regulations and limiting men’s freedom will result in a happy and successful society. Paine opposes this theory, suggesting that limitations ought to be placed on the government before they are imposed on the people. Thus, though they agree on the nature of man and the necessity of community, More and Paine would be hard-pressed to find common ground on the issue of
In the book “The Crito,” by: Plato there is a dialogue that stands out to me and it is when Socrates says “Look now, Socrates, perhaps the laws would say, if what we say is true, what you are now attempting to do to us is not just. For we gave you birth, nurtured, educated you, giving share of everything which is beautiful to you and all the other citizens...” He emphasizes the laws by using personification. However, what I find interesting is that when he does this he goes in the more broader aspect not just by external meaning of what a person would see in which we see of people interpreting (e.g. Supreme Court Justices, state judges, and lawyers) but that he let law represent its own meaning. The second thing that stood out to me was the
Their rationalities are still being used today. They were incredible masterminds with awesome impact in the antiquated society. Confucianism imparts to Aristotle mindfulness that for people to be great, they require moral astuteness and in addition different demeanors of character, yet Confucianism places more prominent accentuation on the part of reflection and concentrate in the improvement of good insight (Provis, 2017). Over the next several paragraphs, it is my goal to address the following: 1)
In conclusion, it is shown that the ethics of Socrates and Plato can be understood by examining the works of the Crito, Meno and Phaedo. Plato 's philosophical concept in these three dialogues is mostly about denying what the self wants, either normal things like food and earthly desires or trying to gain knowledge, and instead, choosing what is just and right. This is Plato’s concept of a good life. From this quest for knowledge, virtue is obtained, and this is the main goal of philosophy in Socrates ' mind. Laws must be made in accordance with wisdom by those who practice philosophy, and must seek to benefit the city as a whole.
The Republic is an inspection of the "Good Life"; the accord reached by applying pure reason and justice. The Republic can be read in several different ways: As an essay on political theory and practice: As a educational handbook or as a protection of moral behavior. For example. While we 'll take declaration of each of these constructions along the way, our crucial attention in what trails will be on the elementary supernatural and epistemological subjects, opening questions about who we are, what is real, and about how we know it. Read in this style, the discussion as a whole invites us to share in Plato 's vision of our place within the ultimate structure of reality.