Diabetes can affect the sympathetic innervation of the iris. People with diabetes may exhibit sluggish pupillary reflexes. The pupils may be more miotic and have a weaker reaction to topical mydriatics. Conjunctiva Microaneurysms in the bulbar conjunctiva are commoner in persons with diabetes. In addition, individuals with diabetes are at an increased risk of developing conjunctival bacterial infections.
Hello Kristen, thank you for your post, which gives me the chance to think about type 1 diabetes. I agree that when people consider diabetes, they always refer to type 2 diabetes without knowing there is the existence of type 1 diabetes as well. Even though we as health care professionals are aware of the facts of type 1 diabetes, we are still absorbing more knowledge towards the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of type 2 diabetes than type 1 diabetes through the curriculum. As far as I know, diabetes is usually a lifelong disease state, patients need to control their blood glucose level within suitable range by different interventions including medications and lifestyle modifications. If the diabetes patient ending up with insulin treatment,
There may also be numbness in the legs and feet. To treat arteriosclerosis there are medications, surgeries, and lifestyle modifications that can help an individual with the disease. The walls of the arteries receiving too much pressure repeatedly can cause high blood pressure, also known as hypertension. Symptoms may include headaches, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, blurred visions, nosebleeds, palpitations, and dyspnea. Most people will not
Aims The aim of the study is to assess the effectiveness of mindfulness based stress reduction among individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in order to create awareness regarding mindfulness meditation and help them to apply it in routine activities to maintain blood glucose, blood pressure, body mass index and reduce stress and depression. 2.3. Objectives 1. To evaluate the effectiveness of mindfulness based stress reduction on bio-physiological variables such as blood glucose, blood pressure and body mass index among
A 24-hour urine collection would also show the presence of kidney damage, the risk of kidney stone formation, or the risk of familial hypocaliciuric hypercalcemia. Finally, I would have the patient take a 25-hydroxy-vitamin D blood test because vitamin D deficiency is common in people with severe cases of primary hyperparathyroidism and even more prone to patients with secondary or tertiary hyperparathyroidism. Secondary and Tertiary hyperparathyroidism are diagnosed in the same manner with clinical history in
The only way to fully understand an individual’s health status is to understand the individual’s patterns of relating to the environment (Newman, 1994). In a study conducted by Hayes et al. (2014), a questionnaire was developed to identify a pattern between certain foods and onset of specific symptoms, and whether participants perceived the dietary changes to result in symptom improvement. Similar research showed that knowledge of these patterns enhanced dietary management strategies for both patient and healthcare provider (Mullin et al., 2014). People continually move toward expanded consciousness, however, when an individual becomes aware that old habits no longer work, new answers must be sought (Smith, 2011).
To further demonstrate the intensity of this issue, the research of Hartshell and Williams (2010) indicates that this emotional decision is better made by the patient themselves. Family and Consumer Science professionals, such as dietitians, can provide support to solve this problem by insuring that dietetic students have an ethical educational background incorporated into their major (Hira, 1996). ANH is defined as providing artificial nutrients and water through
Because of aging population, it is expected that the number of seniors suffering from depression will increase. Treatment for depression is important within older adults because depression is associated with functional decline that can require increased care, family stress, a higher likelihood of comorbid physical illnesses, and premature death due to suicides. Currently, depression in the elderly can be treated either by pharmacotherapy (SSRIs and antidepressants) and psychotherapy. However, it is necessary first to identify and diagnose depression which can be challenging in this age group owing to communication difficulties caused by hearing or cognitive impairment and other physical symptoms. Because frail seniors are unable to self-report depressive symptoms due to the stigma associated with mental illness, cognitive behavioural therapy is an effective intervention which provides a new way of perceiving and thinking about judgements, improves quality of life by behavioural
As stated by (6), persistent chronic pain can suppress the immune system by activating the pituitary-adrenal axis. It can cause various negative effects on the patient such as cardiovascular, renal systems and gastrointestinal. As a result, the pain can affect the elderly ADL (7). According to (8), pain should be promptly addressed and managed to avoid unnecessary risk of legal action. Undertreatment of pain is a widespread problem and every 1 of 2 elderly experienced pain and are poorly managed as mentioned by (9).
There are several types of symptoms for this disease. They include cognitive(mental decline, delusion, disorientation, etc), behavioral(aggression, agitation, personality changes, etc), mood(anger, apathy, mood swings, etc), psychological(depression, hallucination, paranoia, etc), and whole body(loss of appetite, restlessness, etc). Having the inability to combine muscle movements or jumbled speech are also common symptoms. Watching for symptoms is vital in Alzheimer’s in order to catch it early enough. There are ten common symptoms to watch for in someone who may have the disease.
(The Diabetes Prevention Program, 1999). However, with the diabetes prevention program which includes a lifestyle intervention that aims towards a healthy diet and exercise. As well as using a medication treatment along with a standard diet and exercise suggestions that can be used to help improve patient health outcomes (The Diabetes Prevention Program, 1999). Nonetheless, I believe the reader should be concerned of this study, because the reader may not know if diabetes will affect them in the future or a family member. Furthermore, with this reader being able to have knowledge of prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes with this education it can help reduce negative health outcomes.
Because of the causative factors it has an acute onset. Most individuals are able to pinpoint when they 're symptoms began and sometimes results in the need for emergency services. Type 2 diabetes is also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or adult onset diabetes. This condition happens when the body still produces enough insulin but the body has become resistant to the effects of the hormone. This type of diabetes usually develops in middle age and in overweight individuals.
The flow chart may also serve as a reminder of crucial events of medical care that may effect the overall patients health. The particular sample of a flow chart I chose would be a great reference for the onset of diabetes, yet I do not feel that the form would be a good reference tool for prolonged diabetic care. If I would have created this flow sheet I would have done it on graph paper or an excel spread sheet to allow for numerous date entries of data across the flow sheet. This way a Physician would be able to see at a glance what progress has been made on the care and control of the patients diabetes. If the chart shows little or no improvement or even a worse scenerio worsening of diabetes and its overall side effect the the Physician will know that either the patients diet and or medication will need to be adjusted
The model type 2 diabetes is a non insulin dependent diabetes, it is also when the body cannot use insulin properly. Primary prevention goal is to prevent the disease before it starts. An approach to primary prevention of type 2 diabetes is through lifestyle changes that favorably influence insulin sensitivity like avoiding obesity, exercising and eating healthy. Secondary prevention goal is early detection followed by by prompt treatment. For this model secondary prevention is screening and prevention of other diabetic complications through treatment or avoiding of coexisting risk factors.
The purpose of my health assessment is to access ways to get the DHOH people involved in their health finding solutions. In the need to address communication barriers and reduce CVD through the implementations of future public health policies with the help of various stakeholders in making permanent social changes (Minkler, & Wallerstein, 2008). Health Assessment Questions Question 1: What social changes are you trying to achieve from the dataset proposed in your premise? Question 2: Who are your target stakeholders that the dataset is of interest too? Question 3: Will your dataset help address or explain the main frustrations with the health care system in treating DHOH people with CVD-related diseases?