Type 2 Diabetes: A Case Study

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A needs assessment was crucial for the targeted group. According to Hatice Zahran, Matthew Zack, Mary Vernon-Smiley and Marci Hertz adults aged 18-24 are more likely to engage in risky behaviors such as overeating, smoking and not exercising (Zahran, et. al., 2007). The health educators’ goal was to inform the target group about the risks associated with making unhealthy lifestyle choices and the consequences of developing diabetes in the future. A needs assessment determines the attitudes, beliefs, and knowledge regarding type 2 diabetes from the target group.

The needs assessment was used to gather information from the target group before the program began, and evaluated how much information was gained throughout the duration of the Wellness Fair. Assessing the subjects’ knowledge was important for the health educators to have a greater impact on the target group, by directing their focus on important points throughout the program. Focusing on main points would influence the subjects to live a healthy lifestyle. There may be a range of answers within the target group. This assessment can …show more content…

These three items were asked in multiple choice fashion to evaluate the subjects’ perception towards developing type 2 diabetes. For each of these questions the correct answer was “all of the above” even though the other possible answers were partially correct. Item 7 asked the subjects about risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes such as genetics, poor diet, and lack of exercise. Item 8 was directed to possible complications that can result from diabetes such as blindness, kidney failure, and increased urination. Item 9 asked the subjects about signs and symptoms including blurred vision, fatigue, and numbness in their extremities. These items were critical to seeing how much the target group was affected by type 2

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