Death, and what comes after it, has fascinated human for as long as we have been able to conceptualize it. Fear and curiosity drove a ceaseless search for the ultimate unknown: the afterlife. Tied to this obsession with mortality is the concept of causing death, either someone else’s or your own. William Shakespeare focuses on the ideas and taboo nature that surround death, specifically suicide, in his play Hamlet. Through Hamlet’s soliloquies, the events surrounding Ophelia’s demise, and the truly tragic ending of the play, Shakespeare shows the conflict between the preoccupation with death and the possible relief it could provide and the religious, moral, and other possible drawbacks that concern the act of ending a life.
The soliloquy “to be or not to be “asked by Hamlet questions the meaning of life and acts as a metaphor that suicide would be acceptable to escape from his life. Furthermore, this idea is supported by the repetition of “to die, to sleep; to sleep perchance to dream” is used to present that being dead is comparable to a being asleep and that death is a way to abandon reality. The thought of suicide is primarily caused by his search for vengeance and it ultimately leads to his demise. The imagery of “bear the whips and scorns of times” reveals that the more time that passes the more pain and grief he faces and implies that revenge acts as a double-edged sword as the closer he gets to his revenge the more pain he inflicts upon himself. The statement that revenge can lead to one’s madness is also represented by the character
Such bad decisions in fact that it leads to his death. People analyze how Hamlet shows how we are to live our day to day lives, when really he shows us how not live through his actions and thoughts. Hamlet begins his downfall and showing us how to not live from the beginning of the play. Hamlet talks to the ghost of his father in Act 1 Scene 5, who
In his soliloquy, he is asking himself whether it is better to live or to die, which he is considering to commit suicide. Also, in the soliloquy, Hamlet states that “Who would fardels bear, To grunt and sweat under a weary life, But that the dread of something after death, The undiscovered country from whose bourn No traveler returns, puzzles the will And makes us rather bear those ills we have Than fly to others that we know not of?” (3.1.84-90). He explains that no one would like to live in an exhausting life, unless they don’t know what is going to happen after they die because they are afraid of what their after life is going to be. Both these quotes prove that the death symbol is always surrounded by Hamlet and he has a hard time to choose between life and
To die,to sleep; No more; And by a sleep to say we end the heartache, and the thousand natural shocks that flesh is heir to, it 's a consummation devoutly to be wished. (Act3 Scene 1 Line 64-71) The speech in Hamlet not only reveals the death but also spreading rot and decay. Hamlet is quite struggling about to live or to die. At the beginning of the play, he is grieved at his father’s death and his mother’s hasty marriage with his uncle. He decided not to die at last.
The conflict between the heart and the mind in Hamlet is relatable. The “To be or not to be” soliloquy highlights Hamlet’s inner conflict upon the issues of life and death. He speaks eloquently about his suicidal desire. But the fear of the afterlife makes him afraid to end his life. It is very common for the human race to be afraid of death.
After killing Duncan, Macbeth’s mental state changes completely. The difference between the moment before the murder and the moment after is that Macbeth’s lack of determination. He feels personally responsible for the murder and wishes it never happened. Thus, he is afraid to look at the dead body and face what he has done (2.2.54-56). His regret of the murder shows the transformation of Macbeth’s attitude: he lets his remorse overpower him to the point of madness.
As Hamlet is a sacred text, the dialogue is kept the same as in the original text. However, there is much more emotion and grief on display here since the text does not specifically state that Hamlet falls to the floor and visibly cries. The audience feels Hamlet’s pain and grief, believing that he truly wants his life to be over. His instability intensifies and becomes more evident after he talks to his father’s ghost. He looks crazily towards the audience and speaks frantically to them, cutting his hand with a dagger before passing out.
After his Father’s death, Hamlet questions the afterlife; whether it offers a “peaceful slumber” or an “everlasting nightmare”. When Hamlet encounters his Father death, he becomes obsessed with death itself. He begins to wonder if suicide is the answer to end his suffering. In the play, hamlet says “O, that this too sullied flesh would melt, Thaw and resolve itself into a dew”(I.ii.133-138).