Grace P. Rato Psych 17 AB PSYCHOLOGY-2 March 19, 2016 “Relevance of Theories Of Personality In The Different Fields of Psychology.” First of all, what is Personality? Personality is what makes you unique and refers to individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving. But there is little common agreement among personality theorists. Gordon Allport, said that personality is something real within an individual that leads to characteristic behavior and thought, but for Carl Rogers, another personality theorist who focused on Humanistic Psychology that the personality or “self” is an organized, consistent pattern of perception of the “I” or “me” that lies at the heart of an individual’s experience.
The man dwells on how he has lost his beloved wife. Soon he goes through different stages. Like physically , mentally , emotionally. The narrator starts off by telling us how the man is not doing so well. “I pondered , weak and weary.” (5) The man is week from probably not eating and losing a lot of sleep.
Carl Jung came up with two dynamics of personality which are:- 1) Causality and Teleology Causality is defined as the principle that nothing happens without cause or without internal or external influences. In this matter, it is the relationship cause and its effects whereas teleology can be defined as the study of past experience to explain a natural phenomenon. The middle ground of causality and teleology suggests that humans are motivated by both past personal experiences and predictions or expectations of the future. The middle ground of the two is able to shape one’s behaviour as well as personality. 2) Progression and Regression The definition of progression is the process of success development over a period of time whereas regression is similar to recidivism as its definition is the opposite of progression as it means relapse, failure or fall-back.
Erikson was an expansion of Freud’s psychosocial stages of personality development. He also had different concepts such as identity confusion, and generativity. He shows how cultural, social, and historical forces could have an impact on personality, and emphasized greatly on the ego rather than on the id. Erikson views the ego as an independent party, therefore it is not dependent on the id of the personality. He said that alienation from cultural traditions seemed to be related to the symptoms displayed by others, which resulted in an uncertain self-image or self-identity.
However, he seemed blunted, even though the doctor said he will lose his left foot. He ignored the doctor and just left the hospital. Three critical attributes of anticipatory grief are: i) the timing before happening the occurrence, ii) being informed or obtaining notice about anticipated loss and acknowledge that it is a fact, and iii) having symptoms of grief. This related case A omitted having symptoms of grief such as sorrow, anger, and sadness. Related case B A woman who lost her son several years ago still experience depression and isolation.
Clive had retrograde amnesia which meant he was unable to recall memories since the beginning of his amnesia and the causes of where the amnesia came from were unknown. “It was like being dead,” Clive said. To cope with how he felt, he would write in his journal. However, few minutes apart from one another, he would repeat the same things down in book. As time went by, these events would prove that his chances of improving were bleak and fell into a deep state of depression.
Jung’s personality refers to an individual’s pattern of thoughts, feelings and behaviors that make a person unique. According to Jung’s personality test, my personality is similar one known as an INTJ, which indicates that I am more of an Introversion, Intuitive, Thinking and Judging. Jung described an Introversion as an individual who’s source of energy is mainly from their own internal world, therefore possessing this trait, I am more likely to see the world in terms of how it affects me. Intuitive believes that information is received from the internal and imaginative world; one’s conception is based on his/her own understanding of the world. Additionally, this personality style both perceives inner pattern forms and uses real-world material
Personality Psychology As referred in Jung’s theory on a journal in 2014, personality refers to an individual’s pattern of thoughts, feeling and behaviours that make a person unique. Carl Jung’s perspective on personality is quite insightful, for him personality is what appears to be random behaviour is actually the result of different in the way people prefer to use their mental capacity. There are two different types of personalities or attitudes that have been mentioned in Jung’s theory which are introversion and extraversion. According Jung, “each person seems to be energized more by either the external world (extraversion) or the internal world (introversion).” As mentioned in the article known as Jung’s Theory wrote in “Fractal Enlightenment”
Structuralism is the study of perceived elements of consciousness. It focuses on configurations or independent structures by analyzing items into their constituent components. Even though it does not seem to be a part of cognitive psychology, it has an important role by being an empirical science. Wilhelm Wundt was a proponent of structuralism. He believed that introspection was a significant concept in order to analyze our own
Transitioning from one thing to another can challenge a person emotional feelings. Tom Brennan was affected while being emotionally hurt which caused trouble transitioning into life. Due to the tragic crash by Tom’s brother not only he was hurt mentally but rather his whole family. ‘The Story of Tom Brennan’ is full of flashbacks which reflect upon his past, however he is made adapt into the new world without his loving brother which reduce the number of flashbacks, expressing Tom’s ideology of the past is fading. An example of the Brennan’s showing their emotional state is shown with the use of emotive language through Tom’s narration in the prologue ‘In a couple of hours they would wake up and find us gone, far away, so as not to remind them