Introduction The Vietnam War was a Cold War-era military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. Before the Vietnam War, it was believed that any problem can solved with the use of military. But in Vietnam War, countries like USA, become to know that, war is not a solution of every problem in Southern Asia. In this war, one side was represented by the USA, who had the support of west European countries and other side was North Vietnam, , who was supported by USSR. The origins of the Vietnam War are rooted in centuries of resistance by the Vietnamese from foreign control.
And in order, to support their Communist cause, Russia armed China, who in turn, equipped the North Vietnamese to fight the Americans. Out of 2,594,000 people who served in Vietnam, there were 58,220 American dead and 153,303 wounded. More than 23,214 soldiers were completely disabled. In the entire war, the United States spent about
The Vietnam War proved to be the longest war in both Australian and American history in the 20th century but presented a lot of debate as well as mixed opinions about Australia’s actions and involvement. The USA, who lead the operation and campaign, purely took part in the War to prevent the spread of communism globally, and also to prevent the domino effect from occurring in neighbouring countries in Asia. Furthermore, the Viet Cong were fighting the North Vietnamese government to improve Vietnam, which was under communist rule. However the alliance with America that Australia had, through SEATO and also ANZUS treaties, played a major factor and also a trigger for our involvement. Australia feared communism, and was definitely a key threat which ultimately forced us to contribute to the Vietnam War.
The Unites States bombing campaign was one of the reasons the North Vietnamese troops were pushed further into Cambodia. As much as Cambodia wanted to remain neutral in the Vietnam War, they could not avoid it. When the United States and North Vietnamese came to a cease fire and formed a peace treaty the U.S pulled out their troops, but they left with an ongoing war between the Cambodian citizens and their government. The disputes with the government led to the rise of Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge. The Khmer Rouge were brutal and harsh killed millions in efforts to reconstruct Cambodia.
Since then the country has seen many wars mostly involving boarder issues with neighboring China. The country has been through many civil wars along with fighting enemies abroad at the same time. Vietnam was not on the radar of most powerful countries until the French Indochina war in the mid-nineteenth century. Then again, during the Second World War with the Japan Empire over taking Vietnam and forcing all that opposed to force labor to work for the Japan Empire’s war machine (Elanor Jane Sterling, 2007). After the turn of World War II, the country forced into yet again a civil war between the communist and the people’s republic of Vietnam.
Japanese Imperial Navy only had a rough estimate of 21,000 men. Japan was outnumbered by many, many soldiers. Japan lost around 20,000 of their men, which was almost their whole army (Andrews). Americans had around 5,900 people killed and 17,400 wounded (Cowley). This was the only battle in which the United States Marine Corps had more casualties than Japan (10).
President Dwight D. Eisenhower was concerned with Laos before leaving office, since he knew there was a revolt that was occurring there. Laos was in the United States radar prior, since the United States was trying to contain communism in Asia and in the entire sphere. Later, the United States escalated its involvement in Laos. The United States entered a “Secret War”, which was against a communist insurgency group called Pathet Lao in Laos. President Lyndon B. Johnson had started an involvement in Laos and through 1964-1969; the United States had released one hundred fifty thousand tons of bombs in Pathet Lao territories.
Kennedy’s vision to end communist spread. Behind Vietnam’s corrupt government, the U.S diplomats and the CIA operatives were trying their best to keep the country together. During this period of time, President Johnson saw little changes in the time frame that he had hoped so he proposed a heavy bombing campaign against North Vietnam. He had also ordered the relocations of some United States planes. Furthermore, operation rolling thunder was set to kill about 80,000 to 120,000 vietnamese people, including women and children.
Vietnam War “War does not determine who is right - only who is left.” ~ Bertrand Russell. The famous quote from Bertrand Russell describes the reality of war. War only lets the powerful and the wealthy side win and not the righteous side. On an average 378,000 people die each year at war while 1,450,000 people died in the Vietnam war. The Vietnam war started on 1 November 1955 and lasted until 30 April 1975.
Effects of the Vietnam War on USA Introduction The Vietnam War was one of the few military conflicts which USA had been involved that had been suspended because of unprecedented public unfavorability in the country. Increasing public disobedience and demonstrations erupted after continuous revealing of news related to real situation in Vietnam such as the atrocities committed by USA Armed Forces, and large soldier casualties enhanced the scale of transformation which American society had already been undergoing. For example, Inghram (2006) points out the Vietnam War was one of events in the 1960s, by which civil rights organizations were attempting to gain more rights for African-Americans so that they could be integrated racially into
Although the American Civil War is normally seen as something that threatened to tear our great country apart, their are many great inventions and innovations that resulted from this time. Some of these advancements include railroads, the telegraph, long-range weapons, and the ancestor of all machine guns, the gatling gun. Many of these inventions went on to play a huge role in how the civil war played out. While others, such as the cotton gin, had minimal effect on the war, but a direct effect on both the men in service, and the people back home. Early war technology was seen as very dull, and ineffective.
Ironically, Congress has only used its power of declaring war five times. Tragically, around 100,000 Americans died from the two undeclared wars in Vietnam and Korea (587). Even with the War Powers Resolution, the president still sends troops into combat situations. Congress is often reluctant to protest the president’s actions based on the fear that America would be viewed as powerless by foreign countries. The order to invade Iraq in 2003 by President George W. Bush was given even before Congress had a chance to authorize it, which showed a huge expansion of presidential power in handling foreign affairs (353).
Once the February bombings took place a short respite ensued trailed by the U.S. 8th Air Force bombing the city with another 400 more aircraft bombers on March 2. The final punching blow came from 572 bombers from the 8th Air Force on April 17 (Vonnegut). The bombing of Dresden what is it ethical and morally right . Was it absolutely important in ending World War 2. What was it actually about and how many lives were really lost.
This is a congressional bypass that has not been properly dealt with, and continues to occur. In recent years, Obama has ordered thousands of military strikes on ISIS in Iraq and Syria without congressional approval. One could say that Jefferson’s actions in 1801 set a standard for future presidents such as Obama, one of unilateral presidential action. Throughout American history, U.S. presidents have even further bypassed congress, escalating from unauthorized attacks to undeclared wars. Stemming from Truman’s involvement in Korea, presidents began more and more to seek military approval from international organizations, such as NATO and the UN, rather than from Congress.
V. Conclusion O 'Brien brings up many instances that show how things went wrong in the Vietnam War, not only because important problems were overlooked at the time but also because the American public sought at first to erase the war from their collective memories. Many Vietnam Veterans felt isolated from the American mainstream after they returned from service. After the period of erasure ended, the public commemoration, through movies and stories, sought to supplant the reality of Vietnam with a more endearing story that could be cherished as much as the myths that surround World War II, “O 'Brien points out that the evils of the Vietnam War are not merely forgotten, but all but deleted from American mythology and memory” (Ooms 26). As Julie Ooms points out in her article "Battles Are Always Fought Among Human Beings, Not Purposes," O 'Brien was not merely responding to a need to set the record straight. He was also responding to the American public’s inability to exalt in any veteran who could not be viewed as a “White Knight” or the “The Lone Ranger” (Ooms 42).