Importance of Ancient Greece in Western Civilization With several revolutionary new ideas and theories coming from ancient Greece, they were arguably the most influential ancient civilization in the development of Western Civilization. Comparing the ancient Greeks to modern times, several of the same concepts are still utilized. The Greeks were credited with being the original thinkers, but this can be translated to more than just philosophy. Several new concepts and theories, not just about the world in general but specifically involving the nature of humans, came out of ancient Greece. Many of those concepts have been integrated into modern society.
They had a lot of precisions in their works, and the formulas that they invented later influenced the architecture in the past two millennia. Ancient Greeks enjoyed and loved everything there is to love about architecture with lots of passion. Greeks had two main principles orders in architecture, which were the Doric and Ionic. One of the Greeks best aims to the method of architecture was the Greek Temple. Theatre played a big part in Greeks life.
Without a doubt, Ancient Greece has had great influence on the formation and development of western culture and civilization. Athens, arguably the greatest city-state of Ancient Greece, brought forth democracy into the world. It was during the golden age of Ancient Greece that Philosophy, Science, Math, Literature, and the Arts started to make their mark on western civilization. Greek thinkers established the modern fields we now take for granted. It was because of their cultural and intellectual revolutions that the world as we know it now exists.
The Greeks played an important role in the foundation of Western Civilization’s political science (Wolfe 1). Behind the establishment of democracy lies a legacy filled of empowerment, strategic leadership, and loyalty that lead to the ultimate victory of political freedom. There were many Greeks however, who opposed and argued against democracy, but for the Athenians it’s what made Athens great. Athenians enjoyed a life enriched with their views of freedom, believing this is what allowed humans to reach their fullest potential (8). Political freedom did not come easy, yet was birthed from a war that changed the course of Civilization worldwide.
Some of the similarities that can be found in their temples include “the use of marble columns, a wide front porch, and an enclosed sanctuary”. (C. Muscato, https://study.com/academy/lesson/greek-etruscan-influences-on-roman-art.html). Some of the similarities that can be found in their temples include “the use of marble columns, a wide front porch, and an enclosed sanctuary”. (C. Muscato) Even writings of Greek Philosophers were translated into Latin for the Roman people. Cicero, a Roman philosopher, felt the need and importance to make these Greek texts available to the Romans in their native language.In addition, it is interesting how if wealthy Romans wanted to further their education, they often took classes at Greek schools.
The first Roman art can be dated back to 509 B.C.E., with the legendary founding of the Roman Republic, and lasted until 330 C.E. Roman art also encompasses a broad spectrum of media including marble, painting, mosaic, gems, silver and bronze work, and terracotta (Ambler, n.d). By using the various materials; Romans were able build many significant and astonishing sculpture than the Greek. Sculptures became more monumental with massive, larger than life statues of emperors, gods and heroes such as the huge statue of Marcus Aurelius(Cartwright, 2013)(Cartwright, Roman Sculpture, 2013). The second feature of Romans is architecture.
Absolutism meant prosperity because monarchs were considered gods (or God 's power on earth), they changed countries for the better, and could be liked by the people for not doing everything in a harsh way. To many, monarchs were God 's form on earth. King James I of England said that "The state of monarchy is the supreme thing upon earth; for kings are not only God’s lieutenants on earth, and sit upon God’s throne, but even by God Himself they are called gods..." (Document 2). Like King James I, people believed monarchs were needed because they had power like God. Kings and Queens were essential and brought goodness to the land.
Socrates heavily impacted how, many subjects are taught and how we view the world. It is important to realize that many methods of education and questioning were originally created by him. The concepts of knowledge, virtue, and goodness are intertwined in the philosophy of Socrates, which help us with ethics and moral dilemmas today. He taught that “virtue is knowledge”9and that to take care of the soul is to make yourself as wise as possible with knowledge. Questioning reality helps us advance in society and constantly keeps us moving
Greek Philosopher, Hippocrates has been known to be the father of medicine and basically came up with the basics of what we know now about medicine. Thanks to him, he has helped many in achieving great medical advances. Hippocrates was believed to be born around 460 BC on the island of Kos, Greece. Greek medicine left a great impact on both today’s societies and past societies by using science to prove that diseases are natural things that happen to humans and are not any form of punishment done by gods upon humans. Greek medicine was an invention that greatly impacted many societies and helped achieve many medical advancements.
He shows his creativity when he wrote his set of books called “De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septem”, these books contained extremely detailed illustrations of the human body while also explaining all of his discoveries in text. Which were the first books of their time to be reasonably accurate (“The Fabrica of Andreas Vesalius: The Father of Modern Anatomy and His Most Famous Work”). The reason these books were considered accurate was because he based the illustrations on the research he had done while dissecting human corpses ( “De Humani Corporis Fabrica”, 2009), unlike Galen who had based his research on animal dissections. He showed intelligence through his research, interpreting countless kinds of information and piecing it together, giving modern researchers their basic knowledge about the human body. Without him, the information he discovered might not have been discovered at all.