On the day of August 10, 1874, Herbert Hoover was born in West Branch, Iowa. As Hoover was advancing in age, he worked excessively hard to become involved in the political world. As an American politician, Hoover contributed to the negative impact in the background of America. Herbert Hoover was primarily recognized for serving one term during 1929 until 1933 of the thirty-first president for the United States. This president is considered significant in American history, as citizens of the U.S concluded that Hoover triggered the commencement of The Great Depression. During Herbert Hoover’s term in serving president for The United States Of America, The Great Depression revealed the negative and positive aspects of his presidency.
Before Herbert Hoover served as America’s 31st president during the years 1929 to 1933, Hoover accomplished global success as a mining engineer and worldwide gratitude as “The Great Humanitarian” who fed worn torn Europe during and after World War I. President Hoover brought to the presidency an outstanding reputation for public service as an engineer, administrator, and humanitarian.
Herbert Hoover’s Presidency Herbert Hoover, the thirty-first president of the United States was very disappointing according to many people. Hoover had a significant impact on World War 1. For example, during World War 1, he organized a peace army that saved 350 million lives from starvation and disease. This is one of the many reasons why people chose Hoover to become the president. Herbert Hoover had a disappointing presidency because he did not overcome the Great Depression and the Stock Market Crash during his presidency.
The Great Depression was a time during 1929 to 1939, It was the longest lasting economic disaster. The two presidents in term during this crisis, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Herbert Hoover, approached this problem in different ways. Hoover’s idea on this was to have private citizens help each others, while Roosevelt believed the government should take care of its people with social programs. Looking at these ideas in more depth we can infer ways our country should go.
. Compare and contrast the responses of Herbert Hoover and Franklin D. Roosevelt to the Great Depression.
Hoover was not interested in the affliction caused by the Great Depression. In fact, people’s way of life started deteriorating as they had no support from the government. His inability to face national upcoming crisis was a mistake to the US economy and the way down to massive depression. Hoover marked into law the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act, which prompted an emotional decrease in global exchange; and also consenting to impose increments on homes, organizations, and checks. His business profession, and individual convictions, made him ill-suited to giveaway effectively with a monetary calamity as desperate as the Great Depression.
Hoover President Herbert Hoover didn’t believe that it was the federal government’s role to provide direct relief. Instead he suggested voluntarism, asking corporations to improve working conditions and wages. Lowering income taxes was another idea promoted by Hoover. If people would spend less on taxes, they would invest in stock market and purchase products. Hoover refused against any form of a welfare program.
Even though Hoover wasn’t re-elected after 1933, his failed attempt at laissez-faire still affected the American people. An example of this is Roosevelt’s attempt at counteracting Hoover’s Rugged individualism. During Roosevelt’s campaign he promised a ‘New Deal’ for the American people, where, especially in comparison to Hoover’s: ‘laissev-faire’, the US government would be more involved with businesses and the country’s citizens. Summed up, the ‘New Deal’ was about doing everything to keep the country from disaster.
From this doing, he was recognized worldwide for his caring efforts, and received many thank you letters from people across Europe who gained from the free meals also known as "Hoover Lunches. " All these great doings and outcomes gave Hoover the success of becoming the secretary of commerce under President Warren Harding. He would continue this position under President Calvin Coolidge as well. In the 1920s, Hoover helped construct a dam on the Colorado River between Arizona and Nevada. This dam was named the Hoover dam and opened in
Many of Hoover’s policies favored big businesses and he believed that the growth of the economy depended on increasing capital given to big businesses would combat the depression, which is also known as the Trickle Down economics. If the government aided big businesses then their investments and success would “trickle-down” to the working class, this improving and expanding the economy (Doc 5). Many people criticized Hoover and his policies for not helping the needy. He refused to provide federal relief programs to help unemployed since he thought people would not be motivated to work if the government aided them (OI).As conditions worsened, makeshift homes popped up all over America and were nicknamed “Hoovervilles”, after Herbert Hoover. Hoover believed that that individual initiative and big businesses would solve the problems of the depression and that the economy would recover on its own (OI).
Hoover believed that giving federal welfare or direct relief would cause a decrease in the people’s self-respect and “moral fiber.” In 1932, Franklin Delano Roosevelt became the 32nd president. Roosevelt created the New Deal which focused on the
In 1933, Franklin D. Roosevelt became the president of the United State after President Herbert Hoover. The Great Depression was also at its height because President Hoover believed that the crash was just the temporary recession that people must pass through, and he refused to drag the federal government in stabilizing prices, controlling business and fixing the currency. Many experts, including Hoover, thought that there was no need for federal government intervention. ("Herbert Hoover on) As a result, when the time came for Roosevelt’s Presidency, the public had already been suffering for a long time. Half of the banks had closed their doors, more than twenty percent of the US population was unemployed, and the economy was lacking regulation. ("The Great Depression.") Therefore, President Roosevelt wanted to bring stability to people’s lives and the economy. Stating “I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American people.”("Franklin D. Roosevelt.") The New Deal was a series of experimental projects and programs, and there were three main programs know
The transition between presidents Herbert Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt marked the transformation from a weak, to a strong form of government, which became directly involved in the lives of the people. This was primarily caused by the difference in the executive leaders ideologies, where Hoover was more focused on individual responsibility and capitalism, Roosevelt was more concerned with immediate action based on government intervention. Overall, the New Deal sacrificed the amount of personal responsibility that the people had with their own economic security. The power of the federal government was strengthened, but the long-lasting effects based on the social and economic policies was beneficial for the United States.
The wealth during the 1920s left Americans unprepared for the economic depression they would face in the 1930s. The Great Depression occurred because of overproduction by farmers and factories, consumption of goods decreased, uneven distribution of wealth, and overexpansion of credit. Hoover was president when the depression first began, and he maintained the government’s laissez-faire attitude in the economy. However, after the election of FDR in 1932, his many alphabet soup programs in his first one hundred days in office addressed the nation’s need for change.