In “Why Literature Matters,” Dana Gioia creates a compelling case that argues how the declining interest in and engagement with reading is causing our society to retrogress, contradictory to many other progressions in our advancing world now. Although to some reading may seem like a universal and timeless activity, the arguments set forth in Gioia’s article dismiss such critics as excessively dogmatic. One of the border notions presented in the essay is that the advanced skill of reading helps create abilities that business leaders look for, and more civically engaged students. Gioia delivers a cogent argument to sway his readers by creating and utilizing an alarming yet informative tone, addressing reasons that attract a universal audience, and by citing reliable and esteemed sources to support the consequences …show more content…
Throughout his writing, Gioia is alarming his audience by adding words that capture the attention of readers. As he describes teens “bypassing the joys and challenges of literature,” he utilizes words and phrases like “troubling,” “worrisome,” “slip so swiftly,” “diminished,” and “foreshadows serious long-term… problems.” These examples all create tension within the article, which allows him to create an alarming and urgent outlook on the matter within the reader’s mind. However, Gioia also embeds many studies and polls throughout the article. While explaining how reading helps teens become more civically engaged, Gioia cites “Reading at Risk,” a survey done by National Endowment for the Arts. Like “Reading at Risk,” these surveys, polls, and citations create a sense of reliability and credibility within the author’s tone, which makes it easier for him to persuade others, due to the trust between the author and
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Today’s youth spend countless hours on the internet for various reasons. Whether it is for research purposes, indulging in social media, watching videos, or playing games, reading is involved in some shape or form. Regardless of the content, reading online gives children certain abilities, such as expanding their vocabulary, adapting to different wordings and writing styles, identifying errors, understanding the material, and identifying the importance of details/imagery in their writing, that they may or may not be getting from books. In the article Literacy Debate: R U Really Reading?
Within Dana Gioia’s written piece — “Why Literature Matters,” there are various types of persuasive techniques that Gioia uses in order to persuade the audience in a particular direction. These persuasive techniques allow authors to influence reader’s opinions and acknowledge the presence of emotion and word choice within the entirety of the essay. Gioia educates the readers on the negative effects the decline of reading will have on society as a whole. Within the essay, the author uses two significant persuasive elements that each play a prominent role: ethos and cause and effect. One of the most influential persuasive techniques throughout the essay is ethos.
Novels flourish a persons imagination and present advances in their independent knowledge. Ray Bradbury’s novel Fahrenheit 451 displays a society deprived of novels, leading Montag to the realization of affects novels have on people. Montag fought for what he believed in, the right to read and learn from numerous novels, containing various topics ranging from innocent child books to vulgarity stricken novels. “The School Library versus the School Board: An Exploration of the Book Banning Trend of the 1980s” contains several arguments Montag would agree with, such as, “Even when a book contains language that is not appropriate for everyday use or describes unsavory ideas or feelings, the ability of the book to have a positive impact on the reader or provoke discussion or awareness is not necessarily diminished.” This quote symbolizes the positive viewpoints an “objectable book” most definitely possesses.
All books that young adults read have power. Their power results in their ability to sway and to change the reader in so many ways, not the least of these is morally. These books can create a moral sense in the young by demonstrating what is morally right and what is morally wrong. They can raise and resolve ethical issues. The reader may not agree with each resolution, but is certainly forced to think about issues he or she may never have thought about before (Smith 63).
The article “Why Don’t Teens Read For Pleasure Like They Use To?” by Jennifer Ludden, writes about teens not reading as much and why aren’t they reading. Ludden uses logos and people to show the drop-off reading among teens. The author utilize people and data to support the drop-off in reading amidst teens.
The article “Darkness Too Visible” by Meghan Cox Gurdon, is an article about the dark content that is written within young adult books. In this article Meghan attempts to persuade the reader to believe that the dark content should be removed from young adult novels. Meghan integrates many secondary arguments that help support her belief of having dark young adult novels censored. Meghan creates her argument by incorporating many writing practices, such as the use of logos and pathos, and the use of third person writing. Meghan wrote this article to persuade the audience to remove and censor all dark content that is in young adult literature.
While it may be true that even if a student is reading Sports Illustrated, they will still become more literate and reflective than if they hadn’t read at all, it is also true that the student is then less likely to read the same desired material outside of class because they are already being forced to read it inside of class. Moreover, if class time is spent reading something such as Malcolm Gladwell’s Outliers: The Story of Success, the student will be more inclined to read Sports Illustrated outside of class; thus, increasing their reading time altogether. On the report of Engaging Schools: Fostering High School Students’ Motivation to Learn, “studies have shown that students who read outside of school become better readers (Anderson, Wilson, and Fielding, 1988; Fielding, 1994; Guthrie, Schafer, Wang, and Afflerbach, 1995)” (64). Therefore, by engaging in materials which the students may not be interested in during the school day, they will be more likely to read other subject matters outside of school and consequently increase their reading
Introduction “Every school day in the United States for the past decade, more than 3,000 students have dropped out of high school (Joftus), 2000).” This is becoming an epidemic because literacy is simply not just being able to read or write your name. The rigors for the literacy curriculum have become much more complex and require students to be able to comprehend and state their input on different reading texts from a variety of sources. A vast amount of the funds from the federal government has been targeted towards the reading for primary grades. Secondary students such as high school students may find it difficult to transition to a higher reading level because of the complexity.
In the article, “Why Literature Matters” by Dana Gioia, he states that the decline of interest in literature—especially from young teens—will have a negative outcome in society. Notably, he informs the readers by utilizing strong vocabulary, as well as rhetorical appeals to persuade his audience that the decline in reading will have a negative outcome. This allows readers to comprehend his views and join his side of the argument. Gioia’s word choice assists in showing the magnitude of the text by stressing the meaning and importance of his argument.
Dana Gioia creates a passage encouraging, influencing, and informing the reader of the recent literacy rate decline. He begins by verbalizing the problem, then moving to how it connects to business, then finally the decline affecting politics. Gioia uses evidence such as facts and quotes to support this idea and drive the thoughts into the reader’s head. These strategies, build his argument and assists with persuading the reader on how this decline will have a negative effect on society.
In this essay the author, Dana Gioia, discusses his opinion on the effect of a decline in reading. Gioia starts by introducing his topic and than giving his theme statement. Now we all know his purpose for the article. He begins his explanation by discussing the development of a young adults mind. The theme of reading being important to young adult’s, seems to flow through this piece.
There are a lot of unanswered questions in this fast-paced world and one of them is the famous “Why Johnny won’t read?” which encourages readers especially the men [metaphorically speaking, Johnny means boys in general] to still keep up in their reading even if it means pushing oneself against prevailing circumstances. Shedding light on the issue is a commentary published on the third day of July, 2014 entitled “Why Johnny won’t learn to read” by Robert Pondiscio, a distinguished writer and speaker on education and education-reform issues. Pondiscio asserts the disparity between Common Core State Standards and balanced literacy in the education system which reveals the reading proficiency gap between the male and the female learners. Important
In this essay, "Why Literature Matters", author Dana Gioia sets up an argument about literature. Which she uses various ways to persuade her audience be in favor of her proposal; by showing statistic evidence, facts, and historical evidence, as well as some ironies, diction, and the appeals to reader's emotion. First of all, Gioia begins with strong appeals to reader's logos by clearly laying out the statistic source. For example, "According to the 2002 survey of Public Participation in the Arts, the reading population of the Americans is declining. " In turn, is an attempt to point out the thesis statement and make the readers to think out about this topic wile reading through her essay.
As the digital age comes upon us, more and more Americans become dissatisfied with the state of literacy in this generation. Because the Internet paves the way for shorter and shorter interactions, namely articles versus novels and six-second viral videos versus films, many people that grew up in the age of the Internet have a preference for this condensed form of entertainment. Dana Gioia of The New York Times asserts in his essay “Why Literature Matters” that the decline of reading in America is destined to have a negative impact on society as a whole. Gioia opens his essay with a bittersweet account of which trend is occurring in the twenty-first century America arts scene. He notes that as college attendance rates blossom, the interest
Everyone knows that reading is important, but have you ever asked yourself why is that so? Reading is one of the most beneficial and practical activities that a human being can do. Unfortunately it is a disappointment that people these days read less. As we know, books were the main source of entertainment centuries ago, but with the widespread of technological advances such as the cinema, television, internet, among others, many people left their books on the bookshelf. The purpose of this speech is to present the benefits and the importance of reading.