Many critics, including A.M. Roberts and Haydar Ali, have expressed their discontent regarding the sexism in Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad. Feminist writer Simone the Beauvoir explains her theory on the social stance of women in her book The Second Sex. In the chapter Myth and Reality this theory can be applied to several women described in “Heart of Darkness”. Both the intended and the African mistress of Kurtz are examples of a false sense of ‘mystery’ which places them in a separate group in society that de Beauvoir describes in The Second Sex. The most prominent point of The Second Sex is to illustrate how women are segregated from society by men, something which happens a lot in Heart of Darkness.
The lowest rank is the Untouchables, which are typically outcasts and frequently experience brutal assault and widespread discrimination. It impacts the social, economic and culture of India. The caste system allows high social status individuals to control and abuse the
The term is associated with the ostracised section of the society particularly used for the weaker section of the society i.e. women. The position of female as subaltern is miserable. Patriarchy is the prime obstacle to women’s advancement and development. Among women, widows are the doubly oppressed as they become the prey of patriarchy as well as of religion.
The study again realized the existing social reality that violence against women are primarily gender-based, embedded in different layers of our society. This analysis shows that there are multiple causes, social factors of violence against women involved in sex working profession, as well as certain prescriptions from the participants and also came up that how to develop resistance. One of the fundamental causes of violence against women is in every sense the unequal power equation between men and women, the patriarchal logic that govern the society lead to discrimination. This research unfolded that being women in general and a part of the ‘tabooed’ community sex workers face sheer violation, for example, most of them reported that ‘rehabilitation to mainstream society’ almost becomes impossible to them. The Gender violence is so deep rooted in a woman’s lifetime, that freedom from the threat of harassment, battering, and sexual assault is a concept that most of woman have a hard time imagining because violence is such an extensive part of the culture and their spirits.
And as a foreigner in Corinth abandoned by her husband, she faces even more challenges than the native women of Corinth did. She is not blameless, in what she did, but she deserves some sympathy because of how she was immobilized by all the duties thrown on her by her society. Medea voices how she has been suppressed in her society. She notes, “We women are the most unfortunate creatures” (L 231). Medea’s tone throughout her speech is proper, confident, and angry.
The God of Small Things by Arundhati Roy depicts the inner lives and hardships women in a patriarchal society face. Roy provides a reflection of the social injustice in India in the form of abusive and tyrannical males who abuse women - both physically and psychologically. The novel is a vehicle for the author to express her disillusionment with the postcolonial social conditions. This response will critically analyse the lives of the female characters in Roy’s novel, specifically Mammachi and Ammu and explore the ways they have been marginalised. Mammachi, the mother of Ammu and Chacko is representative of the older generation of women in the novel and is a victim of oppression and discrimination at the hands of her husband, Pappachi.
Referring to contemporary issues, the lyrical I would be classified as a lower ranked person since she is black and being occupied as a maid, which clearly makes her powerless and voiceless in society. Also, the fact that the lyrical I craves the gaze of Actaeon, represents the way the black maiden actually is not seen as a full person, she is just a maiden, a slave of the white and fair goddess. Regarding to dynamics of power and gender, white men, as mentioned before, have the most power and therefore are dominant, followed by white women. This issue is also indicated by the craving and want of Actaeon’s validation, therefore a black woman remains unseen, just as a
Bama curses herself for being born as a female. According to Bama, both married and unmarried women are looked down upon by everyone. Bama lives with caste discrimination and negotiates with its oppressive facts. She is bold enough to focus on caste discrimination and social discrimination in the present work. The work describes
Caste and class are considered as the two most important yardsticks of social stratification as they are closely linked with each other. The term Dalits encompasses the helpless section of India who were made to lead an inhuman and sorrowful lives; and were deprived of the fundamental rights by the rigidity of traditional Indian caste system. The Dalits were socially, religiously and culturally suppressed and psychologically burdened. However, different forms of Dalit literature include poems, novels, biographies, short stories and autobiographies have appeared on the literary scene time to time to highlight the merits of Dalit literature. It is worth mentioning that Dalit literature is created in the social context generally and hence it should be examined from the sociological point of view.