In most of the societies and religions we have talked about, we learn about the role women played in them. Some give more independence to women than others and others give them no role. I found it interesting in the Christian faith that during the Middle Ages, the Virgin Mary was the most popular saint but in most Christian sects women aren’t allowed to be priests, bishops, or deacons. In Islam, Arab women enjoyed rights not accorded to women in other lands, they could legally inherit property, divorce husbands, and engage in business ventures. They were portrayed as human beings equal to men in front of Allah. Also, an example was shown by Muhammad, who was kind to his wives. Although, the Quran mostly reinforced that males were more dominant. The role of women was different in other religions we discussed. Daoism taught that women were supposed to have humility, obedience, and devotion to their husbands as well as the virtues that were appropriate for what women were supposed to be. In …show more content…
In the Aztec society women played almost no public role. In Mexica, the primary role of women was to bear children, especially if the children could become future soldiers. Mexica women who died in childbirth were honored the same as warriors who died honorably in battle. In India the two great Indian epics, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, portrayed women as weak-willed and emotional and expected wives to devote themselves to their husbands. This played a big role in what the women’s role was in Indian society. In Greek society women’s roles were limited, but the polis of Sparta gave the most freedom. The role of women varied in societies and religions, but I think it’s pretty easy to see that no matter what society they were in, even if they were given a little bit, it was nothing compared to men and I am proud of how far societies have come
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History 209 Exam 1 Short Answers: 1.Dona Maria was a Nahua Indian that served as an interpreter between the Spaniards and the Aztecs. She provided a crucial aspect in the conquest as the invaders could communicate with the Aztecs. 2. The Noche Triste came about after the death of Montezuma under Spanish imprisonment. The royal army retaliated against Cortes and his forces, wiping them out.
The roles of the Aztecs in the Aztec social pyramid helped to create the strong and solid civilization that we know today. To begin, the ruler's role in the Aztec social pyramid was to " maintain the empire" and to decide when to go to war. In addition, the roles of the government officials, priests, and military officials was to politically govern, patrol, and collect tribute from the commoners and peasants. Furthermore, the roles of the commoners was to be the essential spine of the Aztec empire. They had a variety of roles including being spies, trading on the market, crafting for the emperor, farmed crops, and paid tribute.
History as we know it has been evolving around us for many years even before our very existence. Every country and state originated from somewhere and the Mexicans have a very interesting and different way where they came from. The book “The Daily Life of the Aztecs” by Jacques Soustelle gives us a glimpse back into the 16th century of a society called the Aztecs or better known as the Mexicans or Mexica and their city of Tenochtitlan. Soustelle writes about the great civilization of the Aztecs and how they established throughout the years ranging from their culture, customs, religions, political order, education, gender roles, technology and architecture. Like any other culture the Aztecs have a very different way in which they go about
Women of the Iroquois have a lot of roles in the society such as voting who will be the chief/leader of them; they keep their culture alive, and cook. There are other things women had to do in the Iroquois society. Women in the Iroquois society have to stay in the long houses to cook, take care of children, prepare the food, and making the clothes for their families. Women also have a lot of authority and power in the society because of their high value to the natives.
The man was in command of the family and he was to teach them and provide for them as best he could. The rights for women were finally recognized, but even so they were inferior to men. Girls ' marriages were arranged, but they could own property, and if they were a weaver they were held in high respect. Social classes were more easily seen. In order of highest to lowest these are the classes: Ruler’s Family, military, government roles, scribes, artisans, healer, serfs, and lastly slaves and criminals.
Important deities for the Aztecs were Tlaloc the god of rain, Huitzilopochtli the patron of the Mexican tribe, Quetzalcoatl the culture hero and the god of civilization and order, and Tezcatlipoca the god of destiny and fortune, connected with war and sorcery. They each had their own temple within the Aztec capital. Their religion was controlled by the Tlatoani and the high priests governing the main temples in the ceremonial precinct of the Aztec capital. On the feast of Huey Tozoztli, the ruler himself ascended Mount Tlaloc and engaged in auto sacrifice in order to petition the rains.
As women, centuries ago, they have always been expected to do a certain things throughout their lives, such as being around their children the majority of the time or maybe just maintain the house. For all this time, society established a sort of misplaced control over their lives. Recently, however, this has changed; a new generation of society was born which started to accept women for who they are. Many women fought for their rights as well as a change of living for not just themselves but for everyone. Now, as a new dawn breaks, women can be seen in the seats of power and responsibility which they were wrongfully denied for generations.
HW 11 Jingshu Meng The Aztec imperial authorities employed an indirect rule by collecting “quarterly tribute payments” from the local dynasties. In other words, the elites controlled the economy by collecting tributes from commoners. However, there was barely any evidence that shows elites’ control over the market or craft production. The large amount of decorated foreign ceramics, obsidian blades and bronze goods excavated from Capilco and Cuexcomate indicated farmers access to marketplace without imperial control (Smith 2005, 94).
Life in the ancient river valley civilizations was different for each region. A perfect example would be the Egyptians river and the Yellow river both are river valley civilizations but each have different geography, social structures, beliefs, gender roles, literature, weapons and technology. In the Egyptian river valley geography is very important, they relied on the Nile rivers floodings that lasted about 4 months providing them with fresh waste free soil the many seas surrounding this civilization acted as a barrier aiding them in war and fighting off diseases. As for the Yellow river civilization geography affected them negatively its surroundings make it difficult to trade crops and livestock so they have to dedicate themselves greatly to producing their own food.
The Book Aztecs: An Interpretation by Inga Clendinnen attempts to recreate and examine the rituals and the social norms of the ancient Aztecs through her interpretation. Inga Clendinnen writes this book with vivid imagery placing the reader into the scene with her interpretation. The very first part talks about the ancient city of Tenochtitlan. Clendinnen, describes the city’s architecture being surrounded by water and safe from enemies attacks. Then she also describes the God’s and ceremonies that took place within that society.
In Ancient Greek Civilization, women were viewed as submissive. A man always controlled the women; that either being the Father or Husband. Women were forced to stay in the house and complete all household duties. Women were not even granted the right to attend assemblies, participate in politics, or even represent themselves in court. Having little to no overall power in your society can have a huge burden on Women but this can also fuel certain Women to strive to change the society they live in.
The part and role in which women played in their society significantly varies throughout the world, depending on the place and region. However, they all share a common similarity in which men are the most dominant in every aspect of society, therefore, men are perceived to have more authority and power than women. In the comparison of ancient civilizations and modern times, it is significant how the rights and roles of women have positively changed, giving women more chances and opportunities in society, therefore, influencing and impacting society in many beneficial ways as well as, nowadays, women and men are finally seen as
Women have always played an important role in the history of the United States. Throughout different time periods, their roles in society and in government have changed in many ways. Whether women were helping the war manufacturing effort, striving for suffrage, helping soldiers during the war, or just raising their children; their roles have been influential to the social structure of the United States today. Their desire for equal rights, their willingness to help American soldiers, and the absence of men in the workplace are responsible for the changing role of women.