1. The Paris Peace Conference included the "Big Powers" of Europe. This included France, Great Britain, the United States and Italy. However, it excluded the "loser" Germany and Russia, who had left the war prior to its end. In Russia's absence, they lost some of their land.
On November 11th 1918(the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month), the First World War officially ended. So this day Allies (France, Britain and USA) had a great joy. However not all the nations had fall in gladness. On this day nations of Germany had to feel anger and frustration. Also they had agreed (Armistice) to stop fighting during the terms of peace were consulted.
The 20th century labelled, “the most violent century in human history” (golding). To explain the violence of the 20th century if one must look at all events of the intentionally harm done to others. This includes the violence caused by the two hundred and fifty-six wars inluding World War One and two, The Vietnam War, The Cold War which where almost 108 milion human lives have persihed and others haunted by the gruesome details that occurred during these events. One must also look at the the violence caused by seven genocides including the Holocaust, Armenian Genocide and Rwandan Genocide which killed eighteen million people.
President Woodrow Wilson established America’s goal for joining World War I as “making the world safe for democracy.” At the conclusion of the War, President Wilson declared fourteen principles for peace to be used during the Paris Peace Conference, called the Fourteen Points. The most important of these points was the final point: a general association of nations with the guarantees of political and territorial independence and security. As the Peace Conference progressed, more nations ratified the Treaty of Versailles and joined the League of Nations, the embodiment of President Wilson’s fourteenth point. However, Senate the United States, from President Wilson’s own country, did not ratify the treaty.
What was the effect of the Zimmerman Telegram on American public opinion on the war? 696-697 The Zimmerman Telegram made it clear to the United States that Germany was preparing for the United States to join the war. Germany made a bold move by trying to form an alliance with Mexico as a way of weakening the US once they enter the war, but Mexico declined Germany’s offer. At that point in time, entering the war was inevitable. What were the 14 points?
“Interruption of the Ceremony” I chose a cartoon “Interrupting the Ceremony” by John T. McCutcheon. This cartoon was created when United States was involved in the World War I. Specifically it was created in 1920 when the war was resolved and President Woodrow Wilson came up with a peace treaty called “14 Points”. This cartoon was specifically intended for the everyday people of United States including all races, because it shows everyone that United States did not want to get involved in foreign affairs and possibly explaining to people why America chose to stay away from Europe’s entanglements. This cartoon was created after the World War I, which was the deadliest war at the time.
Kaitlin made an interesting point in her post: she argued that barbarism is the summarization of Nazi’s philosophical political ideologies and the most important factor in Hitler’s seize of power. I partly agree with Kaitlin’s assessment; barbarism is truly a succinct summary of uncivilized ideologies: war, racism, and violence. As Bessel pointed out, Weimar Germany was seriously wounded and lived in the shadow of World War I: its “social, cultural and political points of reference were the war” (172). And the nation’s deep desire to revenge “made the crude politics of Adolf Hitler and his henchmen acceptable to both Germany’s elites and Germany’s masses” (174).
Culture in the Third Reich National Socialism typified much more than a political movement that has been portrayed since the end of WWII. The Nazi leaders that came to power in January 1933 seeked the political authority to alter or improve the Versailles Treaty, and also wanted to reclaim and expand upon the land they had lost after the loss in World War I. They also found it necessary to manipulate the cultural landscape. They sought to return the country to its more traditional “Germanic” and “Nordic” values, to toll the Jewish, foreign, and degenerate influences that destroyed the German culture.
On 28 June 1919, the countries involved in World War I gathered at Versailles Palace, to sigh the treaty which was a symbol of the end of World War I. This treaty is known as Treaty of Versailles. The treaty changed the world pattern, caused conflicts and controversies among victorious countries, and displeased the Germans, contributing to the occur of a more destructive world war - World War Ⅱ. The original goal of signing the treaty is to keep the peace, but every country pursued its own national interests, so, unfortunately, it failed quickly. The treaty is like a blasting fuse, causing a much bigger disaster for people all over the world.
The bitter defeat of Germany in the World War 1 and the humiliating Treaty of Versailles gave rise to an indigenous and extreme form of fascism in Germany called Nazism. This ideology leads to one of the worst genocide in the history of mankind, known as The Holocaust, in which approximately six million Jews were killed by the Nazi regime under the command of Adolf Hitler and its collaborators. These killings took place throughout Nazi Germany and German occupied territories. During and after World War ll, i.e., between 1941- 1945, Jews were targeted and methodically murdered in the largest genocide of the 20th cent. Every arm of Germany’s bureaucracy was involved in the logistics of the genocides, turning the Third Reich into “a genocidal