Antibody Essays

  • Essay On Adaptive Immunity

    798 Words  | 4 Pages

    Adaptive immunity is slower to respond than innate immunity it does have a memory component is a function of the immunological system. The immunological system is able to recognize specific antigens and react in such a way that the host generates antibody-mediated immunity (AMI), cell-mediated immunity (CMI), or both. Adaptive immunity is the body’s third line of defense. An example is lymphocytes (T cells and B cells). Adaptive immunity is divided into two active immunity and passive immunity. In

  • Immunological Malfunction Case Study Answers

    706 Words  | 3 Pages

    cells and its function is to help the activation of B Cells by antigens.   IgE is a transmembrane protein of basophils and mast cells, its function is to simulate the release of histamine and other inflammation mediators.  IgG is the circulating antibodies in blood plasma, it is secreted in the secondary immune response. It is also able to cross the placenta and give temporary immunity to the fetus.  IgM is also the circulating

  • Allergic Synthesis

    1339 Words  | 6 Pages

    The mechanism behind an allergic reaction consists of two phases. The first phase involves the initial sensitization, where an antigen is encountered by antigen presenting cells (APC) and processed for presentation to naïve T cells. The antigen can be introduced through various routes, including the gastrointestinal tract (food allergens) and lung epithelial (pollens). Animal studies have suggested an additional route through skin contact (REF), and this is supported by the previously mentioned studies

  • Informative Speech On Disease

    1627 Words  | 7 Pages

    system. After being injected, the immune system will now fight against the microbe by forming antibodies. Antibodies counteract with the vaccine and fight off the viruses. Regularly the immune system produces antibodies to fight off viruses, which are cells the immune system produces. 2. The immune system can later in the future recognize the same disease if it comes back and will automatically form antibodies. Unfortunately, there still many diseases for which it is impossible to create vaccines. B

  • Peripheral Blood Smear Lab Report

    2191 Words  | 9 Pages

    A peripheral blood film is a laboratory work-up that involves the cytology of peripheral blood cells smeared on a slide. It focuses on three main blood cells: red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. A peripheral blood smear is invaluable in the characterization of various clinical diseases. Initiation of a PBF is often a clinical request based on clinical suspicion. It may be initiated based on abnormal findings from an automated count or patients clinical information whose diagnosis maybe

  • Why Are Blood Groups Important

    1733 Words  | 7 Pages

    [SPECIAL 6] Importance of knowing your blood group A blood type is a classification of blood that is based on the presence and absence of antibodies as well as the presence and absence of inherited antigenic substances on the surface of the red blood cells or RBC. The antigens may be composed of carbohydrates, glycoproteins, glucolipids or proteins which depends on the blood group system. Blood types are inherited from both parents. The two most important blood group systems are ABO and RhD antigen

  • The Innate Immune System

    1129 Words  | 5 Pages

    Compare and contrast the biological processes underlining the innate and adaptive immunity The complexity of the human immune system comprises of specialised cells(leukocytes), proteins (antibodies, lysozymes), tissues (lymphatic vessels), and organs (spleen) working together to fight off pathogens due to constant exposure. The first line of defence is the innate immune system which reacts rapidly to the pathogens. Whilst the adaptive immune system responds slowly to infection and also possesses

  • Agglutination Test Lab Report

    1772 Words  | 8 Pages

    testing and diagnosis of various diseases. The ability of various antigens and antibodies to agglutinate when mixed in desired environment has been used as the basis to detect the presence of respective antigens in body. It focuses on importance of this method as it gives the results faster than various other methods and provides visible results. Diagnosis of various diseases can be done by this method provided the antibodies are present in blood, urine, plasma or fluid of bone marrow. The following

  • Renal Parenchyma Research Paper

    806 Words  | 4 Pages

    Renal Parenchymal Injury Creative Biolabs is good at making in vitro diagnosis (IVD) antibodies which are specific to biomarkers of renal parenchymal injury for pathology research. 1. Introduction of Renal Parenchymal Injury: The kidneys are absolutely vital part of our body and consist of millions of little filters called nephrons so that they can keep the balance of water and salt in the blood. More importantly, kidneys are able to filter the blood and remove the waste products from the blood

  • Essay On Immune System

    1583 Words  | 7 Pages

    IMMUNE SYSTEM All living organisms are continuously exposed to substances that are capable of causing them harm. Most organisms protect themselves against such substances in more than one way --- with physical barriers, for example, or with chemicals that repel or kill invaders. Animals with backbones, called vertebrates, have these types of general protective mechanisms, but they also have a more advanced protective system called the immune system. The immune system is a complex network of organs

  • Melatonin Research Paper

    1788 Words  | 8 Pages

    MELATONIN, IMMUNITY AND STEROIDS ABSTRACT Melatonin is the secretion of pineal gland and a broad range of physiological functions are modulated by this hormone. Available finding of research shows that it is an immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory hormone. In this review, melatonin and its interactions with immune system as well as steroids have been discussed. The immune system protects the body from microorganisms present all around the environment. The anti-inflammatory nature of melatonin connects

  • Bubonic Plague Research Paper

    354 Words  | 2 Pages

    The Bubonic Plague once destroyed 60% of a population once. The Bubonic Plague, or Yertis Pestis bacterium, affects the Immune System, and causes lymph nodes to swell. The Immune System is responsible for the body’s immunity to pathogens. It causes much malfunction in the body, leading up to death if untreated. The Immune System, which the cell attacks, is responsible for warding off enemies from the body. It consists of many parts, most notably lymph nodes, white blood cells, and lymphocytes.. When

  • Immune System Research Paper

    2563 Words  | 11 Pages

    transmitted through the air by cough or sneezes, containing some aerosols that is containing the virus. It affects the immune system by a virus that enters our body. One way your body fights influenza infections is by developing antibodies to the hemagglutinin on the virus. When antibodies attach to hemagglutinin, they keep the virus from attaching to healthy cells. This keeps the virus from infecting these cells. Bacteria Legionella The legionella is a pathogenic group of gram-negative bacteria. It

  • Immune System Research Paper

    830 Words  | 4 Pages

    Overview of Immune system The human body provides the ideal environment for the microbes such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi to enter the body. Thus, it is the jobs of the immune system to keep them out by protect the body from the harmful substances. Immune system is when the networks of cells and tissues work together to defend the body against the foreign invaders.(Menche,2012 and National Institute Health,2003). According to the Latin word, immune come from the word immunis which

  • Essay On The Lymphatic System

    1331 Words  | 6 Pages

    include the removal of excess fluids including red blood cells from the body, absorption of fatty acids as well as helping to transfer fatty substances and chyle to the circulatory system. And, it helps in the production of lymphocytes, monocytes, and antibody producing cells which help to strengthen our immune system against any invaders that make us sick. Like the cardiovascular system, the lymphatic system is made up of vessels. Although, it lacks a heart that pumps blood such as what is obtainable

  • Allergy Research Paper

    800 Words  | 4 Pages

    Do allergies cause joint pain? Overview Many scholars and researchers have explained allergy as a reaction in the body’s defends system popularly known as the immune system. It is normally caused many substances which are harmless and they include dust from a house or along the road, some food and pollen. The medical researchers believe that these allergens are not harmful to a person’s immune system, however; it produces a response that is not appropriate. There are several signs and symptoms

  • Blood Brain Barrier Analysis

    707 Words  | 3 Pages

    1.1 Blood-Brain Barrier The Blood-Brain Barrier (BBB) is described as a dynamic interface between the peripheral circulation and the central nervous system. It functions as a physical and metabolical barrier between the nervous system and the circulating blood and is important for neuronal microenvironment, protection against in the peripheral blood circulating toxic molecules and to prevent neurotransmitters to escape into the general circulation. The barrier function was first discovered in 1913

  • Disease Vector Essay

    2248 Words  | 9 Pages

    1. What is a disease vector? Discuss the roles and importance of disease vectors in the transmission of diseases. 25 pts. A disease vector is any agent that transmits and carries an infectious pathogen into another living organism. These vectors have immunity to the pathogen and thus allows for the successful transport of the pathogen. Not every vector is able to carry every pathogen and ecological restrains also limit the spread of the disease due to the inability of the vector to survive in different

  • Essay On Innate Behavior

    930 Words  | 4 Pages

    INTRODUCTION Possessing innate behaviors such as basic life functions like recognition of danger, its consequent emotional fear and stress helps an organism to survive, and so play their part in evolutionary theory (Word press n.d). An example of innate behaviors is a reflex action. According to Word press (n.d), this is a fast, stereotyped response, the most commonly-known example of which is the escape reflex common to many invertebrates, such as fish and shrimp, which use the reflex to escape

  • The Adaptive Immune System

    788 Words  | 4 Pages

    Host defence comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protect against various diseases is known as immune system(97). Immune system can be classified broadly in two sub-systems, the innate immune system versus the adaptive immune system, or humoral immunity versus cell mediated immunity. In humans, the blood-brain barrier, blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier separate peripheral immune system from the neuroimmune system which protects the brain(98). Malfunctioning