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Cipher Essays

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    Cracking different Ciphers Himanshu Mehta Mr. Classey Rationale This mathematics exploration is focus around the topics of cryptography to be more focused this exploration will look at some of the ciphers which have been used in the past. My decision to pursue this topic was mainly because of my interest in the Enigma Code machine built by German engineer Arthur Scherbius and was used in the World War II. This device is fascinating because it was the most advanced cipher in the 1940’s

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    Cryptography is a technique or method to secure personal data from unauthorized user. In cryptography two types of operation are performed. (i) Encryption and (ii) Decryption. To encrypt and decrypt data a secret key is used. After encryption original data is converted into another format known as cyphertext, which is not easy to understand. In the present era everyone needs fast processing and less space required to store results in computation process as well as security of information. There are

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    The Art Of Steganography

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    is distributed in the open so that anyone wishing to communicate with that in a secure way than he can use the receiver’s public key to convert the plaintext into cipher text. This cipher text cannot be converted into same plaintext using same public key. Therefore, there is no issue if some other person knows about public key. This cipher text is converted into plaintext using receiver’s private key. The Public Key Cryptography can be used to verify the authentication of message in which a message

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    4. Strong collision: given a message M1, it is not possible to find two distinct messages such that h (M1’) = h (M1). The probability of this collision is 2n/2. Hash function is used in message authentication which uses a secret code before hashing so that no one else can modify the message and hash and then can encrypt the message for confidentiality. There are several ways of applying hash for message authentication: 1. One is to apply hash to the message and encrypt it and decrypt it using the

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    Attack on data always happens without the person involve realize about it. This is why data encryption is important. Data encryption using asymmetric key is one of the most trustable data security algorithm. When the sender wants to send data or message, data encryption will change the data to an indecipherable state by using algorithms or theorems. Data encryptions are initially used by the authority military to communicate with each other during the old days. Nowadays, data encryption has become

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    used technique of secret writing which is the term used for data and information security and protects that information from various attacks. Cryptography is the process of converting a known text or plaintext into a human unreadable format called cipher text by encoding the original message using some encoding technique. Security is concerned with the protection of the network and data transmission over the network. Data Security is the most essential aspect of secure data transmission over the network

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    com/feature/Encryption-techniques-and-products-for-hardware-based-data-storage-security might help} Encryption is the process of encoding a message so that it can only be read by the sender and the intended recipient. When electronic data is encrypted it is converted into another form called cipher text, which cannot be easily understood by anyone except authorized parties. The main role of encryption is to be able to safely store data in your computer or send a message through a network and protect the confidentiality of the information.

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    the revolutionary war times there were spies of all sorts. They used all sorts of methods. Some methods were ciphers, codes, and probably the most interesting, invisible ink. Anybody could spy, but there are some people that you didn’t know spied like Benjamin Franklin. There were others too, and some of them were even traitors. Secret letters consisted of spy codes, invisible ink, ciphers, hidden and masked letters. All of these methods were used so people couldn’t understand if a message was stolen

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    Email Id: cute.himanshi29@gmail.com Abstract: The two important aspects of security that deal with transmitting information or data over some medium like internet are cryptography and steganography. Cryptography results in converting plain text into cipher text which is in unreadable or in non-explanatory form, difficult to be guessed by eavesdropper, Steganography on the other hand hides the secret data into carrier medium in such a way that its detection is prevented. Steganography is not a replacement

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    What is Unicode SMS? The term “Unicode SMS” refers to text messages sent and received containing characters not included in the default GSM character set. GSM stands for Global System for Mobile Communications (originally “Groupe Spécial Mobile”), and the GSM character set is a collection of the 128 letters (A-Z), numbers (0-9) and symbols (i.e. @, ?, !, &, etc.) most commonly used in mobile communications. Because GSM was developed in Europe and uses 7-bit binary code, it has its limitations. For

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    The so-called fully homomorphic encryption is considered the Holy Grail of Cryptography. Addition and multiplication are the main building blocks of computers, and the ability to make calculations on encrypted data without decrypting it, would lead to a whole new level of security. So, a company, for example, could send an encrypted database to a cloud computing provider, which would work on that data without decrypting it. If a customer wanted then to perform a search on their personal database

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    A Survey of Different Steganography Techniques Abstract Steganography is defined as the study of invisible communication. It usually deals with the ways of hiding the existence of the communicated data in such a way that it remains confidential. It maintains secrecy between the two communicating parties. The main objectives of steganography are high capacity of the hidden data, perceptual transparency (invisibility), temper resistance, undetectability, computation complexity and robustness. It

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    JAYARAJ ANNAPACKIAM CSI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING NAZARETH DEPARTMENT OF ECE - IV PAPER ON OPTICAL CAMOUFLAGE (Application to IMAGE PROCESSING) BY, J.IMMANUEL V.JEFRINS E MAIL-ID : immanmilky@gmail.com Jefona47@gmail.com ABSTRACT: The abstract of this paper is the working principle of a Harry Potter-like invisibility cloak. In order to make the cloak invisible, Light from all directions travel through the object, rather than hitting it. Because of not being able to interact with light, the hidden

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    Nt1310 Final Exam

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    How we can protect the data in transit in a variety of applications such as data transfer on the Internet, and on cellular phone networks. a) Encryption b) Data mining c) Internet Security d) Decryption Answer:a 2. Which key is used to access the encrypted message? a) Encryption key b) Decryption key c) Primary key d) Foreign key Answer:b 3. Which of the following is a property of good encryption technique? a) Relatively simple for authorized users to encrypt and decrypt data b) Decryption key

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    1. Symmetric encryption the keys should be changed frequently. They are shared between two peers, keys should be known only by the two members using them. So confidentiality is extremely important to key exchange. In-band key exchange takes place in the existing and established communication channel. This is however not secured and subject to eavesdropping attacks. Out-of-band key exchange takes place outside the communication channel or pathway, such as a secondary channel through special secured

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    Alan Turing was a mathematician, cryptanalysis, and a well known war hero. In 1952, he worked at Bletchley Park, Britain’s code breaking center, during the Second World War. Subsequently, he cracked the Enigma, which is an electro mechanical rotor cipher machine that generates a new code every 24 hours, used by Nazi Germany. A year later, he also cracked Germany’s Naval Enigma, which was an even more complicated design than the Enigma. This shortened the period of the war by two years, which in turn

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    The conceivable spread transporters are blameless looking carriers (images, audio, video, text, or some other digitally representative code) which will hold the concealed data. A message is the data concealed and it may be plain text, cipher text, images, or anything that can be embedded into a bit torrent. It is composed of the cover carrier as well as the implanted message and it creates a stego-carrier. The concealing of data may oblige a stego key which is additional mystery data

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    A SECURE DATA HIDING IN VIDEO BASED ON LFSR METHOD Rajpreetha C1 PG Scholar, M.E Communication System S.A. Engineering College Chennai, India rajpreetharul@gmail.com Vanitha Lakshmi.M2 Research Scholar S.A. Engineering College Chennai, India vanithahitesh08@yahoo.co.in Abstract—In various areas, information security is very important due to the development of high speed computer networks and internet. Steganography is developed as a technique for securing the secrecy of communication. In this

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    Image Steganography Techniques – A Survey Roshni B. Solanki PG student,Computer Engineering Sarvajanik College of Engineering Technology Surat, India roshanisolanki23@gmail.com Abstract— In today’s era, due to advancements in the field of information technology, the need for information security is highly increasing day by day. Steganography plays a major role in secret data communication. It is nothing but to communicate in such a way that not only the contents are hidden but also the existence

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    Nt1330 Unit 1 Test Paper

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    \section{Building Blocks} \subsection{Access Structures} \textbf{Definition 3.8.}(Access Structure\citeup{beimel1996secure}) \emph{Let $\{P_1, P_2,...,P_n\}$ be a set of parties. A collection $\mathbb{A}\subseteq 2^{\{P_1,P_2,...,P_n\}}$ is monotone if $B\in\mathbb{A}$ and $B\subseteq C$ implies $C\in\mathbb{A}$. An access structure is a monotone collection $\mathbb{A}$ of non-empty subsets of $\{P_1,P_2,...,P_n\}$, i.e., $\mathbb{A}\subseteq 2^{\{P_1,P_2,...,P_n\}} \setminus\{\emptyset\}$. The

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