Dopamine receptor Essays

  • Fast Food Rhetorical Analysis

    765 Words  | 4 Pages

    “In Aristotelian terms, the good leader must have ethos, pathos and logos. The ethos is his moral character, the source of his ability to persuade. The pathos is his ability to touch feelings to move people emotionally. The logos is his ability to give solid reasons for an action, to move people intellectually,” said Mortimer Adler. Many of the greatest artists use ethical, logical, and emotional appeals to prove their points. Eric Schlosser uses various ethical appeals in Fast Food Nation. Michael

  • Parkinson Disease Case Study

    960 Words  | 4 Pages

    advantage of not interfering with motor symptoms. Ketamine should be used with caution because of potential interaction between levodopa and ketamine’s sympathomimetic activity. Butryophenones( eg:-droperidol) and phenothiazines , which block dopamine receptors and exacerbate PD should be avoided. Ondansettron appears safe in preventing and treatment of emesis in patients with PD and is also used in treatment of psychosis induced by long term levodopa therapy. Opioids are more succeptible to produce

  • Literature Review: Parkinson's Disease (PD)

    1902 Words  | 8 Pages

    The degeneration is associated with the reduction in the striatal dopamine. The basic cause of this has been identified as the deposition of the intracytoplasmic proteinaceous inclusions. These inclusions are known as Lewy bodies. α-synuclein is the main constituent of Lewy bodies in Parkinson’s disease. The exact cause

  • Carbamazepine Case Study

    918 Words  | 4 Pages

    Carbamazepine is the first anticonvulsant to show an effect in the treatment of mania in bipolar disorder (Stahl 2000). It was first discovered when patients with “epileptic personalities” showed an increase in their “psychic tempo”(Gualtrieri 2002), which included improvement in attention, concentration and preservation. It was discovered to be useful in the treatment of bipolar disorder in the 1970’s (Chen and Lin 2012). Carbamazepine is a tricyclic compound with a steric structure (Gualtrieri

  • Essay On Neurotransmitters

    1017 Words  | 5 Pages

    across a chemical synapse.The signal is transmitted through a neuromuscular junction between two neurorons .The target cell may either be a muscle cell or a gland cell.Neurotransmitter is released from synaptic vesicle into synaptic cleft where receptors called as neuroreceptors; are present.We may take amino acids in our diet that are necessary for the synthesis of neurotransmitters. Discovery; Untill the 20th century scientists believed that mostiy communication between brain cells or neurons

  • Parkinson's Disease Research Paper

    791 Words  | 4 Pages

    motor disorder resulting from the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in an area of the brain known as the basal ganglia, in particular two clusters of cells called the substantia nigra. The manifestations of PD appear when 80% or more of the dopamine producing neurons have been destroyed. Symptoms of PD include difficulty initiating movement (bradykinesia); a shuffling gait; the classic pill rolling hand tremor; a blank facial expression; muscle rigidity; and in 10-15% of cases, the onset of

  • Khat Chemistry

    1413 Words  | 6 Pages

    T he early period of the studies of khat chemistry started in 1887 when Fluckiger considered the possibility of the presence of caffeine in Qat as a stimulant principle (Fluckiger and Gerock., 1887). The bud of khat also contains the chemical called cathinone and cathine. Cathinone is more lipids soluble than cathine also it can easily across the brain blood barrier and enter in the central nervous system that is responsible for adverse effect on the body. Similarly, it also has amphetamine like

  • Parkinson Disease Case Study

    1173 Words  | 5 Pages

    treatment of PD. The aim of present review is to demonstrate the role of the flavonoids and polyphenols in the treatment of the PD and the mechanism by which they exert beneficial effect. Key Words: Flavonoids; Parkinson’s disease, Basal ganglia; Dopamine; Substantia nigra Introduction Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the progressive loss of the dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) region of the midbrain (Dauer and Przedborski

  • Reward Dominance Theory And Reward Dominance Theory

    1520 Words  | 7 Pages

    Additionally, drug addiction alters the dopamine systems natural levels, and results in the body being unable to balance the levels of dopamine due to the reduction of dopamine available for release. In conclusion, dopamine receptor gene has been attributed to an increase in the propensity for drug addiction, alcoholism, and thrill seeking behavior (Beaver, 2013). Reward Dominance Theory The study of neurology and neurotransmitters has led to the creation of the neurobiological theory known as the

  • Domperidone Research Paper

    819 Words  | 4 Pages

    vomiting for decades (1, 2). It has also been used for the treatment of migraine (3, 4), gastroparesis (5) and functional dyspepsia (6). DOM is structurally related to butyrophenones. The antiemetic properties of DOM may be attributed to its dopamine (D2) receptor-blocking activity in chemoreceptor trigger zone and at gastric level. As a prokinetic agent, DOM increases esophageal and gastric peristalsis and improves antroduodenal coordination which facilitates gastric emptying (7, 8). It is administered

  • Pharmacokinetics Case Study

    1585 Words  | 7 Pages

    Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of (S)-ketoprofen co-administered with caffeine: a preclinical study in arthritic rats Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to determineing if whether caffeine modifies the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of (S)-ketoprofen following oral administration in a gout-type pain model. 3.2 mg/kg of (S)-ketoprofen alone and combined with 17.8 mg/kg of caffeine were administered to Wistar rats and plasma levels were determined between 0.5-24.0 h. Additionally

  • Nicotine Research Paper

    1012 Words  | 5 Pages

    nicotine. Its molecules have almost the same size and shape of acetylcholine which is a neurotransmitter that is vital for the human body. Nicotine as a result acts like a neurotransmitter and activates the release of neurotransmitters like hormones and dopamine. It also stimulates the brain’s pleasure centers. Nicotine also improve one’s memory and concentration According to American Academy of Neurology nicotine is useful in treatment of neurological disorders. Nicotine slows down Alzheimer’s disease

  • Elements Of Psychodynamic Counselling

    1318 Words  | 6 Pages

    EMPATHY It is the feeling that an individual realises, feels and shares what other individual faces, feels or others emotions. Also, in other words it is the capability to share someone’s other feelings or thoughts. TECHNIQUES USED IN THE PSYCHODYNAMIC THERAPY Systematic use of the relationship between the counsellor and the client :- Psychoanalytic counsellors and therapists shall behave with the clients in an normal manner that is the counsellor should be non judgemental towards the client.

  • Methyl Salicylate Case Study

    1647 Words  | 7 Pages

    Cerebral palsy following Methyl salicylate poisoning in a young child The first reported case Introduction Methyl salicylate is used as a local application for musculoskeletal pain. It is the main compound in oil of wintergreen. “One teaspoon of oil of wintergreen (5 mL) is equivalent to approximately 7000 mg of salicylate, or 21.7 adult aspirin tablets”.1 This concentrated liquid is readily absorbed via gut. Therefore, swallowing is lethal specially for children and there are numerous reports published

  • 2 6 Diisopropylphenol Research Paper

    853 Words  | 4 Pages

    Propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) is an alkyl phenol derivative that possesses sedative and hypnotic properties.22 It is a simple phenol substituted with two isopropyl groups in each of the positions adjacent to the hydroxyl group, the ortho positions.23 Administration of propofol, 1.5 to 2.5 mg/kg IV produces unconsciousness within about 30 seconds. Awakening is more rapid and complete. The more rapid return of consciousness with minimal residual central nervous system (CNS) effects is one of the

  • Winadrol Case Study

    1029 Words  | 5 Pages

    Winadrol Review - Does it Work or Fake Pills? See Details Here! Another supplement by Purity Select and is marketed with the name Winadrol. Winadrol claimsto be a powerful supplement with great benefits as regards our body and our general fitness program. Glancing through the product’s details, it seems it contains some safe ingredients with no reported incidence of harm. Consequently, one may want to know if there are special ingredients or mechanisms with which Winadrol pills achieve

  • Parkinson's Neurodegenerative Disease: A Case Study

    743 Words  | 3 Pages

    reported that in developed countries, nearly one out of 100 people older than 60 years old suffers from Parkinson disease 2. Parkinson is allegedly caused by the damage of brain nerve cells on the substantia nigra. This damage causes the decrease of dopamine in the brain which diminished the ability to regulate the movements, bodies, and emotions 3. The symptoms of the disease include progressive loss of muscle control, slowness of movements (bradykinesia), tremor, postural instability, or catalepsy

  • Compare And Contrast Essay On Nature

    1226 Words  | 5 Pages

    Nature Nature goes beyond words. It is a creation belonging to no one and thus making it so pure and beautiful. Often, her presence is taken for granted and unappreciated by many. Her existence is not unknown, yet full of endless surprises. “Economy” by Henry David Thoreau and “Nature” by Ralph Waldo Emerson quotes will be included in my writing, to examine and focus on life’s natural architecture. Nature has much to offer. She only gives us what we ask of her. Therefore, sometimes it is good, but

  • Misunderstandings In Tourette

    1022 Words  | 5 Pages

    Tourette is a mental disorder that is perceived to have dysfunction in the frontal lobes. This causes involuntary and uncontrollable repetitive actions such as behavior, thoughts, and vocalization. The involuntary and uncontrollable repetitive action is called “Tics” according to the documentary. However, the uncontrollable action can be suppressed but just for a short period of time. Doing the tics is a sense of relief for the people with Tourette. They feel that if they will not release their

  • Caffeine Lab Report

    1519 Words  | 7 Pages

    I. Introduction Caffeine as we all know is a kind of stimulant in our central nervous system and classified as methylxanthine. It also stimulates some other parts of our autonomic nervous system. This substance was mainly found in the seeds or leaves of a certain plant. A well known example of this plant is the coffee bean. Thus, to calculate the caffeine content of soft drinks, we may use the process of HPLC. And as we define HPLC (High performance liquid chromatography)