OSI model Essays

  • The OSI Model: A Case Study

    1509 Words  | 7 Pages

    Improved standards for hardware, software and networking have enabled interconnectivity between devices and their respective software (Ward, 2016) for example the OSI Model, which is a seven layer set of protocols that enable devices communicate effectively with each other by means of setting rules between the different logical layers of a computer, form physical concerns, such as transmitting over a wire, through to application concerns such as message handling and file transfer (Turban and Volonino

  • Types Of Communication In Communication

    1239 Words  | 5 Pages

    This module introduces the different types of communication modes used in data communication systems. The communication between components of interconnected systems are typically classified into connection-oriented and connectionless services. Connection-oriented services resemble a telephone system, where one party makes a call, while waiting for the other to answer, the person at the other end converse and finally terminate the call. In contrast to connection-oriented services, connectionless services

  • The Pros And Disadvantages Of Online Advertising In Sri Lanka

    851 Words  | 4 Pages

    2.2. ADVERTISING Advertising is nowadays extensively used and makes a visible contact with the consumers. Advertisements communicate functional and emotional values (De Chernatony, 2010) of brands and products to the consumers which in turn craft strong, constructive and unique relations of brands in the mind of the consumers. An advertisement is a amalgamation of certain elements that are content or message to be conveyed, the execution or the style of conveying the exacting message and the frequency

  • Essay On Computer Network Topology

    904 Words  | 4 Pages

    Computer network topology is the way different parts of a network (like hubs, connections, peripherals, and so on) are arranged. System topologies characterize the format, virtual shape or structure of network, physically as well as logically. The path in which distinctive frameworks and hubs are associated and communicate with one another is dictated by topology of the network. Topology can be physical or logical. Physical Topology is the physical format of hubs, workstations and cables in the

  • Switch Technology Research Paper

    3619 Words  | 15 Pages

    Switching technology is operate in the second layer of the OSI network model, called data link layer. Hence, the switch is forwarding packets based on MAC (Media Access Control) address - the physical address. In the second layer switch technology, it include two types of mode: Cut through mode and Stored and forward

  • Allocation Location Analysis

    1634 Words  | 7 Pages

    sensitivity analysis; some consider these decisions as the variables to balance the flow between the routes of the total network. This type of design is effectively applied for a large region with long transportation distance due to the scope of the model and the detailed of the parameters.

  • Essay On Jitter

    1096 Words  | 5 Pages

    Jitter In connectionless and packet switched networks the information (voice packets) is divided into packets, this packet can travel by a different path from the sender to the receiver. When packets arrive at their intended destination in a different order then they were originally sent, the result is a call with poor or scrambled audio. [23] Jitter is technically the measure of the variability over time of the latency across a network. Jitter is one of the most common VoIP call quality problems

  • Why Are Extracurricular Activities Important

    906 Words  | 4 Pages

    I have always had a great place for sports, band, dance, whatever you might do in extracurricular activities in my heart. The reason I came to this topic is because I have always been engaged with these events my whole life. This paper will explain why extracurricular activities have a huge impact in people lifes. There will also be how long these events has been around. Lastly, there will be mental and physical I’ll explain. The thing about extracurricular activities is they hold a special place

  • Wired Transmission Media Research Paper

    1474 Words  | 6 Pages

    Wired Transmission Media:Wired media, which are those that provide a conduit from one device to another, include twisted-pair cable, coaxial cable, and fiber-optic cable. Wired Transmission Media uses a "cabling" system that guides the data signals along a specific path. The data signals are bound by the "cabling" system. Guided Media is also known as Bound Media. Cabling is meant in a generic sense in the previous sentences and is not meant to be interpreted as copper wire cabling only. Cable is

  • Write An Essay On HART Protocol

    1501 Words  | 7 Pages

    Introduction The HART (Highway Addressable Remote Transducer) is Protocol that is used for sending and receiving digital information through analog wires. This operation is happen between smart devices and control system. This protocol is a bi-directional in communication system which is capable of transmitting data in both directions, but not at the same time. From this property, it can provide access to the data between intelligent field instruments and host systems. The HART is also called MASTER-SLAVE

  • The Role Of Ict In National Development

    1015 Words  | 5 Pages

    INTRODUCTION ICT (information and communications technology - or technologies) is considered to be the umbrella term that includes any communication device or application, incorporating: radio, television, cellular phones, computer and network hardware and software, satellite systems etc. , as well as the various services and applications associated with them, such as videoconferencing and distance learning. A policy is a program of planned activities to achieve a set of objectives. In many countries

  • With A Sword In My Hand Analysis

    934 Words  | 4 Pages

    Throughout the novel, “With a Sword in my Hand” (WASIMH), there was an ongoing theme of Marguerite struggling to fulfil the roles expected of her as the future Countess of Flanders. The author, Jean-Claude van Rijckegham highlights the struggle of how Marguerite acts, looks and the ever-continuing conflict between her and her father. In the Medieval Flemish era, it was critical for women higher in the hierarchy to look beautiful and elegant. For Marguerite to develop as a woman, she had to pluck

  • College Essay On Hair Color

    1235 Words  | 5 Pages

    she can change color easily and quickly. So, how can women find the hairstyle and the color for her face and personality? In your everyday life, when you read a magazine, watch television, browse the internet you see your favorite celebrities and models. You tend to like their hair color and hairstyles and

  • Wireless Communications: The Different Types Of Wireless Communication

    828 Words  | 4 Pages

    1. Introduction 1.1 Begin Communications The word communications mean communicate two parties, the one transmitter and the other receiver and between them center-carrier. It is the center carrier's network. Communications Systems emergence in the eighteenth century, it as the telegraph then years later used telephone has begun and that in the early nineteenth century. As a result of the Second World War and the need for armies of communication between the countries and the interest of research or

  • Wiretapping Case Study

    1888 Words  | 8 Pages Wiretapping A prevalent technique used to catch the data is to detect the network connections and traffic, which is called as wiretapping. Wiretapping is in different forms, which vary from the network habitat of the computer system which network traffic wants to be checked; common characteristics that regulates how wiretapping should be achieved are the type of connection of the computer system, the channel used for data transmissions, local network topology and the quality of the connection

  • Channel Coding Theory

    765 Words  | 4 Pages

    There are two classes of codes, Source coding and Channel coding: Source coding attempts to compress the data from a source in order to transmit it more efficiently. This is commonly used on the Internet. Channel coding adds extra data bits, commonly called parity bits, to make the transmission of data more robust to disturbances present on the transmission channel. Channel Coding theorem states that since any communication channel is characterized by its channel capacity C there exist a coding method

  • Throughput In Communication Systems

    1136 Words  | 5 Pages

    2.4.2 Throughput In general terms, throughput is the rate of production or the rate at which something can be processed. When used in the context of communication networks, such as Ethernet or packet radio, throughput or network throughput is the rate of successful message delivery over a communication channel. The data these messages belong to may be delivered over a physical or logical link or it can pass through a certain network node. Throughput is usually measured in bits per second, and sometimes

  • Capacitor Switching Research Paper

    1154 Words  | 5 Pages

    This section portrays how utilities can deal with troubles related to capacitor-switching transients. 4.7.1. Switching Times Capacitor-switching transients are very familiar and usually not destructive. However, the timing of switching may be adverse for some sensitive industrial loads. For example, if the load picks up the same time each day, the utility may choose to switch the capacitors coincident with that load increase. There have been several cases where this coincides with the commencement

  • Single Path Tcp Research Paper

    1057 Words  | 5 Pages

    Chapter 3 Single Path TCP Figure 3.1: TCP protocol is used by applications to communicate with each other over the internet. The TCP protocol is a connection oriented protocol.TCP provides reliable transmission of data in IP environment. .Services TCP pro- vides are stream data transfer,reliability,flow control and multiplexing .With stream data transfer,TCP delivers an unstructured stream of bytes identified 4 by sequence numbers.This service benefits applications because they do not have to chop

  • Hair Extension Research Paper

    818 Words  | 4 Pages

    Hair Beauty Extension for Good, Beautiful and Healthy Hair Beauty attracts everyone and people are really influenced by this. African-American women are known for their plethora of diverse hairstyles. Every person desires to look beautiful and trendy. In order to look beautiful, hair extensions play an important part to make you look appealing and glamorous. Hair Extensions Staten Island NY can augment your looks and can give you an attractive personality. Everyone is born with natural hair which