This paper will contain information abstracted from a naturalistic observational study conducted by Erene Christoforatos. The intention of the study was to observe and evaluate the physical and mental qualities demonstrated by an infant and then later assess the qualities as either on par or subpar according to the infant’s age, and then following up with valid reasoning as to why they were classified as such. Additionally, there were five individuals who took part in the study, and that of being the nine-month-old infant. The ultimate purpose was to question whether or not if the toddler’s reflexes, motor abilities, cognitive/sensorimotor abilities, perceptual abilities, language/communicative abilities, and social behavior reflected his developmental
They would also develop primitive reflexes and have control of their head. When an infant hits 4-6 months they would physically be able to sit unsupported, roll over and develop their fine motor skills such as moving things from one hand to another. Also at this age, they should weigh between 14.8-17.5lb and be 26.1-27.2 inches tall. Physically, infants start to stand alone at the age of 9 months and eventually develop the fine motor skill of having ‘pincer’ movements between their thumbs and fingers. This would allow infants to explore and discover for themselves by being in contact with the things around them.
I observed a Caucasian family of four that includes both a mother and father, a 2-year-old girl and a 4-month-old girl. I would describe this family as higher middle class with both parents having good jobs to support the family of four. When I did my observation of the family, they were in their home in a higher end neighborhood. During my observation I looked at different key components from class that I could relevant to the family such as the way that I observe the family, the different theories of development with behaviorism and social learning that is being displayed during my time with the family, also looking at their sleep schedules. That way that I decide to go about my observation is the naturalistic observation approach.
The three descriptive research methods that I will discuss are Naturalistic Observation, Survey, and Case Study. Naturalistic Observation is a research method in which people or animals are observed in their natural habitat without any controls or variables. This type of research method may be conducted if you want to see how people truly act without being watched. For example, this research method may be used to determine who are healthier shoppers, men or women? The researcher would go to a food store and take count throughout the day of how many men and women he finds in the fruit and vegetable isles, and how many he find in the snack isles.
Introduction There are multiple lenses in which an individual can be analyzed. In regards to the case study of a girl named Dasani who is eleven years old, an overview, as well as an assessment will be conducted through both the Humanistic and Social Behavioral perspectives. Summary of the Humanistic Perspective
Toddler Learning and Development Introduction Unlike adolescents and adults, growth and development is different in infants and toddlers. Observations from the physical, cognitive and perceptual development show that toddlers and infants grow and develop at a faster rate than adults. The physical, cognitive and motor development in infants and toddlers is higher than the same development in adults. This paper is an analysis and interpretation of an observation conducted with an aim to understand the growth and development of toddlers and infants. It explains an observation of an infant boy named Taylor who is 8 months old.
According to developmental psychology a person at any age is at a certain stage of cognitive, moral, psychosocial, and physical development. This development is measured by different types of thinking, mental capacity for tasks, physical strength, and reasoning for following rules. Development is easily seen in children. Naturalistic observation is the one of the easiest method to see these developments in children. This is the observation technique I used, while watching a five year old male at Kindercare Daycare at 3:30 on a Friday.
In the contemporary times, great importance is given to the significance of early years of a child’s life. It is widely acknowledged now-a-days that the early childhood years are a predominantly receptive phase in the developmental process. This stage is responsible to lay a foundation in early days and later years for cognitive functioning, learning process, physical wellbeing, and self-regulatory capacities in both personal and social lives. In simple words, “the period from birth to age 5 is one of opportunity and vulnerability for healthy physical, emotional, social, and cognitive development” (Karoly, Kilburn & Cannon, 2005). However, it is also a fact that many children go through several stressors during their developmental years due to which their healthy development may be impaired.
It is vital to monitor a childâ€TMs sequence and rate of the developments in order to determine what type help they may or may not need in future. Each child in care could be recorded all areas of developments. Through the reference of the sequences, monitor what children can or cannot do at a specific stages in their lives. As said, while most children follow the same common pattern of development, they may reach the milestones at different ages, depending on each of the individual childâ€TMs ability and a range of personal and external factors that may affect them. The order in which the development of children would happen and the speed in which it would happen are
Development is a gradual and continuous process. The development of children is greatly influenced through interactions with the family, friends and culture. Children learn from seeing how they are treated, overhearing the interactions of the people around them and observing the things we do all throughout the day. Fully understanding how children grown and change over the course of childhood requires us to look into various child development theories such as psychosocial, cognitive, behaviourist and ecological theories, to name a few.
On Wednesday, March 15th I went to Christ the King to observe a child in preschool. The child I observed was a female and she was four years old. While I was there I observed her physical development, social and emotional development, thinking skills, and communication skills. For physical development, I observed her gross and fine motor skills. Her gross motor skills included her gait, balance, running, and picking up toys.
Infants and toddlers today face a much different reality compared to in the past. This is called a history-graded influence which states that development is affected by unique forces in a specific era such as technological advances (Berk,2017). This can include the advancement of television, computers, the internet, etc… All of these factors contribute to a change in development to the brain. Development of the brain is crucial during the sensitive period. The sensitive period is a period of time in which it is biologically ideal for certain capacities to appear because the child is open to their environmental stimuli (Berk,2017).
Many theorists discuss ways in which children are developing. Physically, emotionally, socially and language progressions. Within the early childhood sector, the study of children's development is vividly important as teachers learn to observe the children's individual learning patterns and habits. The practical knowledge of how to develop a child further will assist in utilising the children's skills and holistic development to their fullest potential, however, knowing how to practically aid children in the separate developmental domains is also key as individual kids need more help in some areas than others.
The first year of a child’s life is spent communicating entirely through nonverbal means. Infants use every part of their bodies to convey their wants and needs as their parents and early childhood educators respond to meet them. Examples of this are reflexes, such as opening their mouths when hungry. Also, crying and whole body movements to demonstrate feelings. Another way that is interesting in infant nonverbal communication is allowing infants to play with each other.
Every child is unique. There is something extraordinary in observing Child’s development. Going in and out from the different developmental stages tends to happen at specific ages. There are times that a child 's stage of development can be figured out by a child 's age because children generally experience the same stages at the same ages. Although a child 's age only gives a clue as to his stage, it does not determine it.