According to developmental psychology a person at any age is at a certain stage of cognitive, moral, psychosocial, and physical development. This development is measured by different types of thinking, mental capacity for tasks, physical strength, and reasoning for following rules. Development is easily seen in children. Naturalistic observation is the one of the easiest method to see these developments in children. This is the observation technique I used, while watching a five year old male at Kindercare Daycare at 3:30 on a Friday. I did my observation after the children had a recess period and came inside for a snack and play time. While observing the male child it was obvious to see where he was in cognitive, moral, psychosocial, and physical development. In the first ten minute of observation, the children had just come back from recess to have a snack. The five year old male child proceeded to the sink and washed his hands. The child who refused to follow the directions when asked was not given a snack and not allowed to participate in free time after snack. The learned behavior of washing his hands in order to receive a snack and participate in playtime can be connected morality. He followed the rules(washed hands) to avoid punishment and gain a reward(snack/playtime). This aligns to Kohlberg's preconventional morality, …show more content…
Around fifteen minutes, the child I was observing got out legos,took them to the carpeted area and then started to play with them. He also invited others play to with them. This behavior shows initiative. He wants to be friendly and show he can do things. This behavior is congruent with Erikson's, initiative v guilt stage of development. His theory states while in this stage, a child will try make plans by themselves, try to do things with others, or else they feel a sense of guilt for not doing these things. The stage matches with his age, this stage is usually seen in three to five year
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
The school that I attendent to was the child development center. I was looking around the environment where child development is place at really quiet neighborhood. The neighborhood has a lot of tree and not really intersection road. I came in 10/19/17 it was in the morning around 10 am but they had a earthquake drill.
When he is upset, he will feel better if his educator gives him a big cuddle and sits with him for a while. He builds a sense of belonging and establishing relationships with other children, evidenced by his attendance at group times, music times, meal times. He shows interest in other children and being part of the group by observing them and copying what they do, for example, he is learning to wipe his hands before meals as he sees all his friends doing it. He interacts with his friends as well as sit along side his friends in a small group enjoying plastic blocks together. He feels relexed and comfortable exploring the environment in the room.
All of the theoretical frameworks of child development appear in Curious George. Behaviorism and social learning being the most prominent theory and psychodynamic being the theory that is most lacking. The development of a preschooler is complex and involves many factors including
1.1 Analyse the theoretical perspectives taken to learning and development through play See Unit 1 Task 2.3 1.2 Explain how children are competent learners from birth to five years See Unit 1 Task 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 2.1 Analyse the types of play that support the areas of learning and development outlined in statutory early years curricula Personal, Social and Emotional Development (PSED) is an important area of learning as this is where children learn about their feelings, build friendships and relationships with others and work on themselves. In the early years settings there are various types of play that can support a child with their PSED. These include; dancing, singing, imaginative play such as role play, drawing, writing, constructing,
This theme addresses the question of whether or not children shape their own development. It is evident that the active child theme applies to the subject of infant cognitive development, as infants contribute to their development through the use of visual preferences and observation, interaction with the environment, and through the use of play. The bountiful research in the field of infant cognitive development serves as a confirmation that infants are not as inactive as they were once thought to be. Infants are the pioneers of their minds and they are able to gain a great deal of knowledge through their observation of the world
1. 10 points: Based on your results from Tables 1 & 2, briefly describe the activity patterns you observed? Were there any contributing factors? Were boys more active than girls? (You do not need to go over the entire sample, just provide highlights and go into detail on one or two areas that were most interesting).
Statements made about a child that are inaccurate can lead to harming the child’s development, especially if it can lead to adults underestimating a child’s potential. This is why it is important to consider the reliability of the information that we gather and also the limitations of any observation methods that are used. • Avoiding bias It is really important at all stages of observing and assessing a child to be completely objective. Two people can record the same child doing the same activity and they can produce two very different observations, for example one person might decide that a smile is important and so they will record it but another person might decide otherwise.
After the first two 20 minute sessions observing Taylor’s physical development, the following two 20-minute sessions were on Taylor’s cognitive aspects of development. At first, Taylor didn’t show any interest in me. He seemed puzzled by my appearance and would frequently look at me. However, he seemed to have a good understanding of his mother. He would smile at her and was seen frequently lifting his hands when his mother came towards him.
Therefore, it is important for early childhood educators to understand to always encourage children to be independent and use their initiative when involved in play activities and different social experiences. The early childhood educator must remember that when a child needs to be redirected in their choice of behaviour to "provide appropriate guidelines within which children can learn rules and expectations" in a healthy way, rather than a scolding way, supported by Essa (2013) (pg.115). This will leave a positive impact on a child's emotions and confidence during this time of development. Interpersonal intelligence and Initiative vs. Guilt are aspects from Gardener and Erikson's theories that relate to policy frameworks such as the EYLF.
For the purpose of this essay, a child developmental theory will be referred to as an approach and development will be defined as “the pattern of movement or change that begins at conception and continues through the life span” (Santrock, 2011, pp.6). This essay
If the child is fulfilled with these needs, the child develops trust. Stage 2: (1 to 3 years) Freud called this stage as Anal Stage of development. In this stage, children gain sense of mastery by controlling erogenous zone or in other word it is anal region. Children who are succeeded in this stage are capable and productive.
Many theorists discuss ways in which children are developing. Physically, emotionally, socially and language progressions. Within the early childhood sector, the study of children's development is vividly important as teachers learn to observe the children's individual learning patterns and habits. The practical knowledge of how to develop a child further will assist in utilising the children's skills and holistic development to their fullest potential, however, knowing how to practically aid children in the separate developmental domains is also key as individual kids need more help in some areas than others.
During the anecdote with J.S. and T.M., both children were placed in-group work. The children both had three other peers at their table. The children were able to communicate and share the materials that were at the table with their peers. • Emotional Milestones o The child has a vivid imagination (J.S.) ("Child Development Screening", p. 7). During the anecdote, J.S. has a vivid imagination because he pretends to destroy a rectangle.
Having the right knowledge, skills and experience in understanding how children or young people develop are very important tools for early years practitioners. We must put to mind that each child born to this world is unique; they are born with different characters and their personalities and behaviours are formed and influenced by variety of factors. These factors may affect their ways of interacting to the environment and community or setting in which they live in. In my experience as a child care practitioner most of the time, adults mainly focus on the physical development of a child and so quick to base their conclusion or judgement on the physical aspect.