Those who improperly use visual evidence may mislead the jury, and convict/ not convict the right person. The murder case of George Zimmerman contained animations. However, the video would be unreliable as evidence as no one would be able to give an accurate representation of the events that unfolded that evening. Rather, the visual evidence in this court case was used as a “visual aid” to help better explain facts
This is often because judges disallow the mention of jury nullification in their courtrooms. This is because some judges and other actioners of the law find the concept to be “a gut-punch to Democracy” and an “invitation to anarchy”. The concept is thought to be a violation of the justice system, and, as a result, some judges choose to execute their right to not inform the jury of their right to nullification. Often, jurors find out about jury nullification through their own research or prior knowledge of the practice. The concept of jury nullification is also gaining a lot of traction in modern media.
Although the rationale of peremptory challenges, ironically, would be for the defendant and the prosecution to get rid of any potentially biased jurors, lawyers may instead use their peremptory challenges to form a jury that would pass a more favourable verdict. As lawyers are also not required to explain their decisions in striking out jurors in most cases, the makeup of the jury can thus be heavily imbalanced. However, as a judge would be required to not let any preconceived bias affect the administering of justice, the accused would hence receive a fairer treatment as compared to juries that might have any bias towards either the prosecution or the defendant. With juries also not being required to explain their decisions, any bias that the jury might have would not be easily found and challenged. Especially in cases where the death penalty is concerned, it is all the more important that juries mete out a fair verdict.
The problems that arise out of false confessions usually do not become an issue until the confession is entered into evidence at trial, with the exception of plea bargains. But it is reflected in the substantial case law surrounding false confessions that little can be done during trial, outside of suppression, without prior checks. The question remains how a confession becomes
Eyewitness identifications can ruin the lives of innocent people and cause them to live their life behind bars for a crime they didn’t commit. Eye witness testimonies can be the deciding factor for a criminal trial, but the the reliability of the eye witness testimonies is not always as accurate as we assume. Although eyewitness identifications can be very beneficial in solving a case, there have been countless instances where the eyewitness identification has been incorrect due to multiple psychological factors. Memory is the most important aspect to eyewitness identifications because it is the sole tool for remembering details of a specific event, but memory is very complex and has many different aspects that can cause for unreliable
The input nuclei receives signals and the output signal sends the signals to the part of the brain that processses the signals. They are responsible for voluntary movement and cognitive functions. In addition, the basal ganglia are associated with processing emotions. The basal ganglia ensure that involuntary movements are avoided and enable voluntary movements. Through these, the motor cortex is able process information concerned with
Even though there could be a refute with the evidence saying Adnan was guilty, there is too little to make a strong case with no question or hard evidence counteracting why he is innocent. There are crossroads with the Jay Wilds- a friend of Adnan 's at the time hearing, along with the cellphone records. “Jay 's story wasn 't just the foundation of the state 's case against Adnan. It was the state 's case against Adnan”(Sarah Kenick). Adnan Syed was wrongfully convicted due to unsettled answers and evidence in the hearings of Jay Wilds and contradicting cellphone records.
There are quite a few things I am not allowed to discuss, due to confidentiality, but the things that I can discuss are the observations of court hearings, pre-trials, and revocation hearings. I found it to be very interesting how the judge informs the offender of his or her rights under the United States Constitution before the offender states whether guilty or not and that if the offender pleads guilty that his or her rights are then taken and would rest in the federal courts hands. Usually when the offender pleads guilty, they are under oath, being recorded, and tend to get the lesser sentence, but that is not always the case. It just depends on the case and what all is involved as far as the crime committed and the offender’s history. If the offender pleads not guilty, then there will be a trial that forms on a later date.
What is important may be invisible to the eyes, and sometimes are relative to the beholder. Investigation shows that our visual perceptions are prone to corruption, bias, and might even be twisted from the truth. If a juror cannot come to a consensus to all agree to a verdict this may cause the jurors to Dilbert longer meaning when the juror are not unanimous they have to stay until a decision is made this could take away from their family and or work and also can cause or be very stressful at that point it up to each member jury to voice their opinion and convince the other 11 jurors to sway in what they believe in. when disusing there view on the verdict they are using the information given from the trail on how they Perceive the evidence sometimes the same evidence is perceived in different ways at that point each juror brings to the table there views and hope they all come to the same verdict. When a jury has a split decision sometimes the judge will keep them together until all 12 of them have the exact same verdict because they don’t want to have to call it a misfile and start all over again the judge rather have a
This will apply to defense attorneys as well, they may be unsure of their ability to get an acquittal for their client; however, in some cases the accused many know in his heart that he is innocent and want to go to trial. This is very rare because roughly 97% of federal
The Pros and Cons of Plea Bargaining Disclaimer By: LawInfo When faced with criminal charges, a defendant often has one simple goal. That is, to minimize the potential penalty. Of course, being found innocent at trial, and being aquitted, is the best way to avoid jail time and other penalties. However, going to trial can be risky because it is impossible to predict what a jury will decide. Therefore, many defendants choose to enter a plea bargain agreement with the prosecution.
Participants should not just be college students and determine if the jurors themselves could be considered discredited. Jurors’ maybe racist, sexiest, ageist may judge the eyewitness or the accused with no regard towards the evidence. Another limitation was the lack of knowledge of the jurors. They could have no knowledge in regards to the subject of criminal law and forensics to determine the outcome of a trial. As well a lay person may believe a false eyewitness, believing they would not change what exactly they saw.
In each incident, some characteristics can be more obvious than others, the distance from the incident matters, and what our brain chooses to do with the information we process are all big factors that come into play when trying to answer this question. For some people, their accounts of what occurs in front of their eyes is extremely accurate, while for other people - it is not. What I do know is, eyewitness testimony is to be used as a guideline in courtrooms, and not as any kind of evidence/proof. Too many innocent people have been wrongfully convicted due to false identifications and too many studies have proven that it is not as reliable as we all