To what extent was Wilhelm’s foreign policy the cause of WWI? Kaiser Wilhelms foreign policy wasn’t the exact cause of World War I, but it was one of the main causes that brought it to start. In 1888, Wilhelm II became the Kaiser of the german empire. The changes he made in the policies and style of government during the next years played a big role in the outbreak of war during 1914. Compared to Bismarck, who chose really conservative politics between the 1870s and 1880s, Wilhelm opted for a militaristic and expansionist political path, in order to defend Germany’s “Place in The Sun”.
Otto von Bismarck used political wit and risk-taking to facilitate efforts towards German unification. Through Realpolitik, “...the pursuit of a Nation’s self-interest based on a realistic assessment of costs and consequences of action.” A political theory in which realistic, practical strategies are utilized over strategies of ideological or moral consideration. Because Realpolitik in a doctrine that acts in the self-interest of the state, it is qusai-nationalistic. Through Realpolitik, Bismarck gained significant leverage over Austria in the Schleswig-Holstein Question, the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, and considerable leverage over France in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71. Following the Franco-Prussian War, King Wilhelm I of Prussia proclaimed the German Empire, officially unifying the German states into one under Prussian political structure that also juxtaposed Conservative Nationalism and
By 1871, Otto Von Bismarck had accomplished total German Unification, which included the Southern German States. In my essay, I will analyse how Bismarck used combined politics in order to preserve his power over Germany, the role of the wars against France, Austria and Denmark and how it influenced German politics. I will also discuss how historians have describes his politics as Bonapartist and the previous actions already in place when he was appointed Minister President of Prussia. Throughout his political career, Bismarck used combines politics as a method of maintaining power in an ever politically shifting country. After the revolution of 1848, a new wave of nationalism and liberalism had risen and it could not be quashed down, and
Britain, once more, supported France when the Kaiser of Germany accused France of taking over Morocco, and started to prepare for war. These preparations also came out of Britain being uncomfortable of the fact that Germany is expanding its navy. Secondly, when Serbia doubled its size, Russia
When it comes to Napoleon there are two views you can have. He was a hero, a champion of the revolutionary ideals who almost united Europe under one flag. He was a demon, a villain who betrayed the revolution that he came into power through, and he dealt more damage to it than all of the ancien regime combined. Some major figures in European history have had the former opinion, Charles De Gaulle, while others have had the latter opinion, Ludwig van Beethoven. Personally, when I think about what happened before, during, and after the revolution, as well as the basic causes and the core of the revolution, I have to agree with the later opinion despite my deep and heartfelt admiration for both Napoleon and his accomplishments.
Appeasement is the policy of making compromise to the dictatorial power in order to avoid conflict .Appeasement was a policy adopted by Britain during the 1930s. This policy developed from the growing belief that some countries, especially Germany, had been unfairly treated in the peace settlement of 1918-1919.. So in this essay I will explain and justify whether appeasement was the right policy or not .When Hitler started ruling Germany , he tried to stop the treaty of versailles as it consisted of aggressive and harsh terms that the Allied powers had put in for Germany , in order to avoid conflict.It reflected a sense, present in France as well as Britain, that the Versailles Treaty (1919) had either been too harsh initially or had become unenforceable Appeasement would have been the right decision if it had worked out equally between the countries . Everything that has its positive side, also has its negative side and it was the same situation with appeasement.There are mainly 3 disadvantages of appeasement which are appeasers misjudged Hitler , Appeasement was morally wrong and finally appeasers missed a lot of chances to stop hitler . The appeasers misjudged Hitler, appeasement was morally wrong and finally the appeasers missed excellent chances to stop hitler .
I think the most significant cause of WW1 was the alliance system. This was most important because different countries would not be involved if they weren’t allies. Before the war happened, Russia, France and Britain had formed an alliance- the Triple Entente. All three countries think that Germany would be a threat to them. Russia thinks that Germany’s army base is too big; UK thinks that Germany’s wealth and navy increased to threaten UK; The relationship between Germany and France had been sour as Germany stole a land from France, and had been in a long-standing feud with Germany from then.
Only after the election of Hugh Capet and beginning of Capetian dynasty (987-1328) did France unite as a realm with a distinct territory. Hugh Capet recognized Paris as his power center, practically establishing the capitol, but the rest of the kingdom was controlled by powerful local lords. Under the Capetian dynasty, many of the basic administrative institutions of the French monarchy began to develop, while being the biggest contributor to the crusades, kings slowly solidified their power and influence over the kingdom. Philip II, for the first time, uses the title King of France, instead of King of the Franks, while his successor Louis IX enhanced the prestige of monarchy even further. Capetian Kings by extending and maintaining power,
The British promoted nationalism as patriotic. British imperialism was seen as an export of Britishness to the colonies while, for other European nations, it was self affirmation and a way to compensate their weakness and failures. But, for the British, its civilization was superior to all other nations. France In France nationalism was a motivating force in comparison to Britain after being defeated in the 1870-71 war against Prussia. They started colonizing to project France as a great power.
If Britain hoped to gain the upper hand they would need to have not only a better strategy but also be appropriately equipped. Germany, unfortunately was already demonstrating impressive military might in Spain. Initially Germany had rejected the leaders of the military uprising request to help the military uprising during the Spanish civil war in the 1930’s but eventually Hitler relented and gave Germany’s support. This battles gave the dictator an excuse to test-run his army and leave a bold impression on the world. In addition, Hitler’s interference brought Germany closer to Italy, who was also supporting the military uprising,, ultimately befriending the Italians and gain a potential ally for his struggle against the British and the French.