Alvarez De Pineda

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1519

Alvarez de Pineda was the leader of the exploration to the Gulf of Mexico. He was the first European explorer to see and map the Texas coastline. However, Pineda did not explore the Texas land.

1528

Alvar Nunez Cabeza De Vaca was the first European to actually explore the Texas land. He was the second-in-command of the Narvaez expedition and had been shipwrecked near Galveston. Cabeza De Vaca and his conquistadors searched for wealth and land in Texas until he was captured and held captive by the Karankawas.

1578

In New Mexico and Texas the Spanish were beginning to establish settlements because they were afraid that the English might settle there before them. They knew the English were planning on settling there because Sir Francis

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