Anachronism In The Trojan War: An Analysis

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According to Greek mythology and history, the Trojan War was the greatest war ever fought. Scholars still read of this story in Homer’s Iliad, an epic poem denoting the events that occurred during the tenth and final year of the conflict. However, this story was not immediately written down, but was told orally for several hundred years until the Greek reinvention of writing in 750 BCE. Some modern-day scholars argue that the gap of time between the events depicted in the book and the time in which it was written have allowed anachronisms to occur within the story. One such argued anachronism is the influence of the polis on the government style depicted within the story. Although scholars can interpret that the 8th century polis changed the 12th century story, through considering the intricacies of war time leadership it seems unlikely that this occurred. Instead, it seems that the groups of people disagreeing with Agamemnon represent dissidence within the ranks, which is not uncommon, and that the council of kings represent military strategy meetings. One of the first scenes in the epic details a meeting between all of the Greek kings and their leader Agamemnon. A problem had arisen due to Agamemnon not honoring the supplication of Chryses, in which he asked for the return of his daughter. Due to this foolish mistake, the god Apollo began to fire his poisonous arrows at the Greeks to avenge Chryses, who was one of his priests (Homer 60). During the council, Achilles

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