But let me tell you a story. When asking experimenters why they experiment on animals, the answer is “because the animals are like us”. But when asking experimenters why it is morally okay to experiment on animals, the answer is “because the animals are not like us”. (relate to audience) II. So whether animals are like humans or not?
You could save an animal from drowning, but you could save a person from drowning too; the choice is difficult. You could protest for animals to have rights and not be tortured at slaughterhouses and still eat them from factories that do things like kill them in an abusive way. Animal rights, animals should have some rights with some limitations. I have issues involving this topic about animal rights because i have mixed emotions about how we can experiment and torture animals but still have them as pets. In articles by Jeff McMahan, “Eat Animals The Nice Way”, and by Maureen Nandi Mitra, “Animals Are Persons, too”, they talk from two different positions where we should eat animals and another where we shouldn’t experiment on them and let them be.
Chimpanzees, mice, dogs, and fish are some animals which is frequently used in the experiment. Many of this experiments (which was conducted on animals) contributed to life-saving cures and treatments such as the discovery of insulin, polio vaccine, etc. However, animal testing for medication also drew controversy and debate. Some people, especially the Animal Rights Group, consider that this kind of experiment is cruel and inhumane therefore it has to be banned. But, I believe animal testing for medication should not be banned because
There are many ethic issues when it comes to testing on animals. In our textbook, (p59) they raise two very important questions when it comes to testing on animals. One, does the research threaten the health and or well-being of the animal, and is it fair to the animal to be the one tested on when you are doing an experiment that should involve humans. With experiments, you typically need to get an informed consent form done before you begin. This allows the test subject to know what they are getting into and if there is any danger.
As stated in Humane Society International, the term animal testing “refers to procedures performed on living animals for purposes of research into basic biology and diseases, assessing the effectiveness of new medicinal products, and testing the human health and environmental safety of consumer and industry products such as cosmetics, household cleaners, food additives, pharmaceuticals and industrial/agro-chemicals.” Statistics reveal that, each year millions of animals such as dogs, cats, rats, mice, ferrets, hamsters and monkeys experience physical and mental torture due to scientific practices. This poor animals, every year, are dissected, infected, injected, gassed, burned and blinded in hidden laboratories all over the world, most of the time without anesthetic or pain killers. If they are not killed by the testing, the animals are brutally killed.
For this experiment, I choose the issue of animal rights. It’s my considered opinion that the ethical attitude to animals is inseparable from the fundamental moral values. David A. Nibert points out in his article Animal Rights and Human Social Issues, that “Immanuel Kant … recognized the relationship between people 's callous treatment of animals and their treatment of each other” (1994, p. 115). Probably, someone would ask me, “What are you talking about? We face today many social problems: drugs, terrorism, poverty, diseases, environmental pollution, child abuse, and so on.
Many animals are abused everyday. Chickens and other farm animals are constantly being killed for food. In this article, “PETA Making a Social Noise: A Perspective on Shock Advertising,” Jonathan Matusitz and Maya Forrester focus on the fact that PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) often goes too far with their advertisements. Animal rights groups such as PETA use shock advertising as a means of getting the message that abusing animals, eating animals, or using animals in entertainment is wrong (Matusitz and Forrester). Matusitz and Forrester look to expose PETA’s indecent advertisements, but the argument relies too heavily on pathos than any other rhetorical appeal.
Animal testing, though beneficial for scientific study, discovery, and experimentation, can be detrimental and threatening for the animals tested on, making it a very debatable and controversial topic. Hope R. Ferdowsian, a George Washington University Assistant Clinical Professor in the Department of medicine, and Nancy Beck, a member of the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, are authors of the article “Ethical and Scientific Considerations Regarding Animal Testing and Research.” They discuss the “3 R’s” as being the reduction, refinement, and replacement of animals when doing scientific research. They write, “These principles encouraged researchers to work to reduce the number of animals used in experiments to the minimum considered
Unjustified Research One problem in science is the unjustified use of animals in research that is often very damaging to the animals being used as research tools. Given that science is generally taken to be for the common good and that when the scientific process enacts a harm it should be for some foreseeable greater good further down the line in a utilitarian sense. Research that harms the research subjects must have overwhelming reason for doing so. However, some examples from scientific research illustrate a problematic violation of these aspirational utilitarian principles. In the 1960s, American psychologist Harry Harlow ran a series of experiments on rhesus monkeys, where he separated baby monkeys from their mothers and recorded the
Animal testing is a phrase that most people have heard but are perhaps still unsure of exactly what it involve. Whether it is called animal testing, experimentation or research, it should be defined as all testing methods on animals including, medical exploration, cosmetics, toxicology trialing, and psychological examination involving animal subjects. It is used to assess the safety and effectiveness of medications and beauty products as well as understanding how the human physiology works. While supporters believe it is necessary practice, those against animal testing believe that it involves torture and suffering to animals. Medical research is the hardest case of proposition in the debate whether animal testing should be banned or not, since it has previously yielded substantial benefits for humanity.
The publisher’s intended audience are people who advocate for the rights of animals and are searching for different methods of testing products. The purpose is to inform the people that animal testing is “old school” compared to the new innovative ideas. They want the people to be aware that these experimentations are not successful with the animals nor when they are tested on humans.
Animal experimentation is a very noteworthy subject that has created quite a stir amongst the world. Anything from monkeys becoming anemic due to starvation to puppies with open sores from a new topical cream to relieve itching; animal experimentation is something that has been around since 129 AD. Testing human diseases or medicines on animals is factually not accurate, considering that there are so many differences between a human and a non-human animal. According to PETA, ASPCA, The Humane Society, and the article The Flaws and Human Harms of Animal Experimentation by Aysha Akhtar, they explain that animal experimentation can be avoided and is an unnecessary step in today’s testing. Most humans typically care for non-human animals and take