FEMA Leadership and Hurricane Katrina Hurricane Katrina has been characterized as one of the most damaging storms to assault the United States. Approximately 1800 people were killed, hundreds of thousands of people were forced into homelessness, and the cost inflicted approximately $100 billion in damages (“Hurricane Katrina,” 2016). The catastrophic results led to vast criticism of various leadership efforts throughout the disaster response. One agency, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), was extensively condemned as many of the leadership decisions resulted in massive blunders, costing further harm and loss of life. The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of FEMA during Hurricane Katrina in respect to leadership decisions
“Hurricane Katrina itself did a great deal of damage, but its aftermath was catastrophic” (History). On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina made landfall at 6:10 am on the Louisiana Coast as a category 4 storm. As with many hurricanes and storms, evacuations are ordered for the safety of the people. Despite the numerous amount of Hurricanes and storms that have ravaged throughout the Gulf Coast, the area was not prepared for it. Many chose to not obey the order of evacuation and decided to remain in their homes.
Hurricanes happen all over the environment concluding the united states . Our population growth leads us to even bigger hurricanes and this could lead longer duration impacts against us . What causes a hurricane ? Ocean waters, surface water , and a slightness of winds cause a hurricane to take form . How does it affect our Earth surface ?
The disaster of hurricane Katrina identified so many flaws in FEMA. Some of these flaws were due to the creation of the Department of Homeland Security. The Homeland Security Act of 2002 deviated a lot of money from FEMA and weakened its ability to respond adequately to the disaster of Katrina. As you stated this bought on many changes to FEMA, which were now being addressed under the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act (PKEMRA).
Much of the land has been controlled by the city since the rebuilding efforts in 2009. The aspect of conflicting interests has been quite significant in the rebuilding process because most potential projects have stalled since the city has been unable to strike a suitable development deal. The city mayor understands the mistakes that contributed to the significant disaster witnessed during
President Bush signed a $10 billion relief package within four days of the hurricane, he ordered 7,000 troops to help with relief efforts. There was also concern that many National Guard units were short staffed in states surrounding, because some were deployed overseas and recruiting efforts in schools and the community had been shorted. Due to the slow response to the hurricane, New Orleans's top emergency management official called it a "national disgrace" and questioned when additional aid would actually reach the desperate city. The city's emergency ops chief Terry Ebbert blamed the response on the Federal Emergency Management Agency. The mayor Ray Nagin expressed his anger at what he claimed were lousy reinforcements provided by the President and the federal government.
The city is racially and economically segregated and these citizen lived in the lower parts of the city, which go down to 11 feet below sea level. (Hurricane Katrina: A Man-Made Crisis?). Additionally, as their economical situation is inferior, it was harder for them to flee the flooding. Therefore, it was mainly this class which was affected and the government was not rushing to help. The slow reaction and the negligence of the government had a major influence on the effects of the storm.
Similarly, after a disaster, these populations have a much lower resilience due to their social factors. Their lack of adequate housing leads to larger damages or even complete losses of housing, leading them to rely on disaster funding and resources which a lot of the time is underfunded, sub-par and inadequate to provide them with long term resources to get them back on their
Why Does Reconstruction Fail? Reconstruction is rebuilding something that was damaged or harmed. The Civil War was a major point where reconstruction was required because slaves were freed, houses and farms in the South were destroyed, and many factories were damaged. The North and the South had to rebuild the country with only a limited amount of money. Reconstruction fails often because there are always people with different points of view and perspectives.
Even though, fingers pointed in all directions, rescue efforts were poorly planned, orchestrated as well as executed. While many agencies and organization were trying to send relief to New Orleans, there was no clear person or group coordinating the efforts. Hurricane Katrina revealed the need for greater integration, better plans and exercises not only throughout federal government, but also with the state and local governments as well. Command and Control Command relationships are a crucial
Once the stock market crashed all their money they had disappeared. Those who got their money out of the bank in time didn’t have enough to survive the long period. Banks eventually closed because they couldn’t give everyone their money. In Maycomb, many people didn’t have a bunch of money. They had just enough