Part 1 Some of the common things that trigger an asthmatic episode are cigarette smoke, exercise, allergens, sudden temperature change, excitement or stress, cold air, and odors. Some factors that could have affected her is going upstairs, going from standing to sitting position, the dust and allergens, the smell of coffee and the teddy bear as well. On attached paper On attached paper The bronchioles use elastic fibers instead of rings of cartilage; therefore, they are more likely to collapse. During an asthmatic episode, the airways are inflamed and are sensitive. The muscles around the airway tightens and causes less air to pass to the lungs. Bronchioles constrict from the increased pressure in the lungs from exhalation. Inhalation is easier because it relieves the pressure. …show more content…
I would also perform a urine test to test for any high levels of proteins lost from the kidney. Part 5 A V/Q scan would show blood flow obstruction (embolism) and the use of the radioactive material would be used to examine the airflow in images. The airflow will be normal but the blood flow will be blocked, this is the V/Q mismatch. The V/Q scan would show the blood clot, the blood flow restriction, and measures airflow. Barbra shouldn't take aspirin and ibuprofen because she already taking Warfarin. This would cause her blood to thin out too much and cause internal bleeding. That's why they have to watch out for bruises and purple toes and fingers. There are two types of Warfarin, one activates clotting factor and the other slows down the clotting factor. Warfarin works against the liver to produce Vitamin K, which is needed for the proteins that help blood clotting. The treatment for Warfarin is an increase of Vitamin K to help clot internal bleeding. By increasing the vitamin K it should neutralize the effects of the
Therefore, peak expiratory flow rate would refer to the maximum speed of expiration. Expiratory flow is decreased in Al because loss of elastic fibers in the lungs impairs the expiratory flow rate. Narrowing of the airways inside the lungs, in addition to damage to the lungs, causes the exhaled air to come out more slowly than normal (NIH, 2016). In people with COPD, the air sacs can no longer revert back to their original shape. The airways become swollen or thicker than normal.
Liver function tests may show if your liver is working properly. 2. Blood tests are used to check the amount of acetaminophen in the blood. 3. The prothrombin time (PT) and INR rates calculate how long it takes for your blood to clot.
Asthma is a condition causing narrowing of the airways or tubes of the lungs. The airways become narrow from tightening of the airway muscles and swelling of airway extra mucus. Airway narrowing makes it hard for people to breathe (“Asthma—Child”
These include a physical examination and history, a complete blood count (CBC) with differential, peripheral blood smear, blood chemistry studies, a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy, cytogenetic analysis, and a JAK2 gene mutation test. The three that are most likely to be used are the physical, the complete blood count, and the biopsy. A physical examination and history is simply an examination of the body, evaluating an individual’s overall signs of health in search of anything abnormal. This will also involve asking about the patient’s past health habits and illnesses. A complete blood count is a procedure in which the patient’s blood will be drawn and evaluated for the amount of hemoglobin (protein that carries oxygen) in the blood, the quantity of the red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets in the blood, and how much of the blood sample is composed of red blood cells.
Karl, as mentioned in the patient profile has been diagnosed with asthma. As this disease is very for broad for the purpose of this session I have choose to focus on the inhaler technique. It is a technique which is required on a daily basis and if the technique is not correct it can result in complications. PLANNING:
Contraction of muscles in the abdomen compresses the internal organs and forces air out of the tracheae. As the muscles relax, the abdomen springs back to its normal volume and air is drawn in. Large air sacs attached to portions of the main tracheal tubes increase the effectiveness of this bellows like
In the respiratory system, it contain numerous of organs that help transport blood with oxygen and eliminate the collected carbon dioxide from the blood. The lungs play an important role in the immune system as it helps defend toxic substances and avoid diseases such as: Asthma is a chronic lung condition in which the airways become narrow and easier for irritation to be exposed, triggers can include: pollen, exercise, mold, weather conditions, and stress. It is a most common disease as it affects approximately 26 million people worldwide. In the picture shown, it shows the pathology of Asthma. The first picture shown is a normal airway.
List 3 FACTS that you learned from the CDC or NIH website about your topic (include an in-text citation here and list your reference below your post). 1. About 25 million Americans suffer from asthma, a lung condition that frequently results in breathing difficulties, chest tightness, wheezing, and coughing (Control Your Asthma,
What causes an asthma attack? A. An asthma attack can happen when you are exposed to certain triggers. There are no hard and fast reasons for someone to experience an asthma attack, as the triggers aren’t the same for everyone. It could be allergens such as dust mites, mold, cigarette smoke, the weather and even certain foods.
Hot, sticky air can likewise trigger asthma side effects. In a few territories, warmth and daylight consolidate with contamination to make ozone (say: OH-zone), which is additionally an asthma trigger. Wet or blustery climate can both be issues — numerous individuals with asthma have side effects amid storms. Your specialist can offer you some assistance with figuring out if climate is bringing about some of your asthma side effects. He or she can put this data into your asthma activity
At the end of each bronchiole is alveoli. Alveoli are tiny sacs which allow oxygen and carbon dioxide to move between the lungs and bloodstream.
A very serious and possibly life threatening effect is asthma. The role of air quality and asthma play hand and hand together. They both directly affect each other. In my research it states, “Air pollution plays a well-documented role in asthma attacks, however, the role air pollution plays in initiating asthma is still under investigation and may involve a very complex set of interactions between indoor and outdoor environmental conditions and genetic susceptibility” (Asthma And Air Pollution). Air pollution and asthma are connected it also, has a part in causing the attacks.
The walls of the alveoli actually share a membrane with the capillaries in which oxygen and carbon dioxide move freely between the respiratory system and the bloodstream. Oxygen molecules attach to red blood cells, which travel back to the heart. At the same time, the carbon dioxide molecules in the alveoli are blown out of the body with the next exhalation." (Dugdale, 2012) Ventilation is another fact because if this not happen our body will be full of carbon dioxide and the oxygen will be down. Many times when the people here ventilation they get confused and think that they are talking about respiration that is not correct, is correct say that ventilation is similar to breathing but no to respiration, they are different "Movements of the ribs, rib muscles and diaphragm allow air into and out of the lungs.