Hernan Cortes’ was an educated man. Military ran in his blood, his father was an officer in the Spanish army. He attended the University of Salamanca when he was only 14 years old. When Hernan Cortes was only 19 he joined Diego Velazquez and Nicola de Overdo on their voyages to the New World. In 1536 Hernan Cortes discovered California.
In 1519, Hernándo Cortés, a Spanish Conquistador ventured into Tenochtitlan, the capital of Aztec empire, searching for gold and glory. He set out to conquer the empire and to capture the Aztecs in order to achieve his ambitions. Moctezuma, the highly respected leader of the mighty Aztec Empire, came confronting with Hernán Cortés, the leader of a small band of professional European soldiers from a huge island that lay six day’s sail to the east. In “Malintzin’s Choices: An Indian Women in the Conquest of Mexico” and “Mexico and the Spanish Conquest”, Camilla Townsend and Ross Hassig respectively present one histories in their own interpretations of the conquest of Mexico.
Conquistador, written by Buddy Levy about the famous ventures of Hernan Cortes, places the reader in the 16th century, or the era c.1450-c. 1750 ce. During this time, the idea of exploration was spreading quickly, as kingdoms and empires in Europe sought to expand their territory. Portugal, with Spain following after, led the way for exploration as they headed south. Spain, however, ventured west, driven by a patriotic attitude of expanding past their borders. Levy tells the story of Hernan Cortes, originally setting sail from Spain, as he sailed from Cuba to the shores of Mexico in 1519, eager about the discovery of new lands. Cortes, as well as many other explorers during this time, was inspired by the Three G’s: God, gold, and glory. He planned to conquer the new lands for Spain, to convert the natives to Catholicism, and to obtain the riches of the land, mostly gold.
Juan wanted to paint so badly but could not because it was illegal in Italy at the time for a slave to do anything involving art. So he decided to steal paint and paint in secret so his master would not find out. If anyone found out punishments were pretty severe and sometimes the punishments were as bad as being put to death. Before his master Velazquez inherited him Juan was treated very horribly and was abused, and the reason for this kind of treatment is because slaves are considered to be property with no rights. While Juan and Velazquez were developing over time, Juan’s master was developing a friendship with the King. It all began when wanted to get his picture painted and for someone who does not trust that easily he overtime began to trust Velazquez. Velazquez proved he was trustworthy by going to meet the rubbins, and as well Juan heeling king's beloved dog while on a hunting trip. He heals the dog with herbs and medicine for liver ailments and the dog then started to improve. The king was so pleased with what Juan did for his dog he gave him a bag of ducats. His master(Diego) was kind enough him for him to keep, this brought no joy to him because he was keeping a secret from him which he struggled
In 1542, Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo was assigned to a new expedition by Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza, with three ships under his command - the San Salvador, the Victoria and the third one that until now appears to be unknown. - Cabrillo was an explorer well known for being the first person who navigates the coast of California. His sailing began on June 27th, 1542 from Mexico. The weather helped them to start navigating toward our coast. During the navigation, they made some stop, not a lot of fishermen were found but the ones he met were happy at all with his arrival. Some of them exchanged information while others expressed their unhappiness. They found out by the natives that they were not the first ones who sailed and landed near them.
Cabeza de vaca had a purpose for taking sail in 1527. Cabeza de vaca wanted to establish settlements along the gulf coast. Cabeza de vaca's ship went off course so they had to build rafts and leave the ship after they left the ships a strong wind blew them out into the open sea. Some people say he landed in modern day galveston. Which he was healed captive as a slave for a tribe called charrucos, he was healed as a healer. Cabeza de vaca survived because of his respect for native americans, his success as a healer , and his wilderness skills/survival skills.
In exploration Ponce de Leon accompanied Christopher Columbus on his 1493 voyage to a new world, but didn’t return with him because he wanted to stay in the Dominican Republic. About a decade later from that Ponce de Leon explored
Moreover, in 1537, another Spanish explorer known as Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, wrote a book titled La Relación, where he explained the obstacles him and his crew had to face during the Narvaez expedition in 1527 to the Spanish King, Charles I. In connection to all the men who sailed “from Cuba to Tampa Bay in present-day Florida” only “Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca and three other men survived the expedition, but only after enduring a nine-year, six-hundred-mile trek across Texas and Mexico and enslavement by Indians…….” In my opinion, this letter gives the reader a much clearer understanding of the things that Cabeza de Vaca saw during his journey because he writes his letters using words like “my”, “I”, and “me” which makes it clear to us
Cabeza de Vaca always took what was best for his men into consideration before he made a decision. He always thought about his choices and he is a good leader for that reason. Although, he made some bad decisions like sending one of his men to scout out the island alone his intentions were good. In the end this decision led to the colonist meeting the Native Americans, who help the colonist survive. Cabeza de Vaca’s good choices often outweighed the bad ones. When traveling across the ocean he decided to ration their food to ensure they would not run out and that everyone would survive. He even would eat less to conserve more food. He also persuaded his men to trust the Native Americans when they were near death. His
The benefits did outweigh the consequences. To start off, I have three topics to support/back up my conclusion that the benefits did outweigh the consequences.
De Soto was very wealthy, but the wealth was not enough for him. He would gamble his fortune on one more throw of the dice. De Soto impacted the Natives by being so strong willed. He came into the New World and had a plan. He took charge and basically told the Indians his strategy, and the Indians followed along. De Soto formed his own army and they were there to do a job: explore, conquer and settle. Everywhere he went he would always ask two questions. First question was: What is the greatest prints in the land, where can I find the wealthiest and greatest societies? The Spanish would show the jewelry on their hands and bodies to the Indians and the Spaniards would ask them where they could find it. For the most part, the Indians told De Soto what he need to know because his means of the extracting were so great. De Soto kept a chart from the king and read a lengthy statement to each group of natives that he encountered. He informed them that they all belong to him and the Spanish crowd. The Indians were to pledge their allegiance to Spain and accept the Catholic faith. If they refused it, it came with the warning that the Spaniards will start a war and go after all of their
Cortés was sent on expedition to establish trading deals with the Natives in and around the Yucatan peninsula, under order of Diego Velázquez, who was the Governor of Cuba. Velázquez soon regretted his decision and to stop Cortés from ever leaving
The relationships between the three major settlers and the Native Americans differed in many ways. All the evidence needed is in the seven documents shown. Each of the documents provides insight to one of the three nationalities. It is fair to assume that the English were focused more on friendship, the Spanish set their eyes on the gold, and the French were insistent on converting the Native Americans to Christianity.
Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca was a spanish explorer from the New World and was an early explorer and first historian of Texas who was born in Jeréz de la Frontera, Spain in 1490 and died in 1559 in his early career he was in the military. In 1527 he was part of an expedition led by Panfilo de Narváez in an attempt to claim the territory from Florida to Mexico for Spain that reached what is now Tampa Bay, Florida, they set out with around 600 men and set out in June in 1528 and only four people survived and Cabeza De Vaca was one of them. Cabeza de vaca traveled for eight years across the southeast US he became a faith healer to some Native Americans as well as a trader.
Hernando De Alcorcon was a spanish navigator of the 16th century. He was born in Trujillo Extremadura. Alarcón 's mission was to provide supplies for Francisco Coronado 's expedition in search of the fabled Seven Cities of Cibola. They became first non-Indians to sight Alta California on September 5, 1540.