Stress, according to Billeter-Koponen and Freden (as cited in Donnelly, 2014), can also be either harmful or detrimental called distress or positive and helpful called eustress. This stress can threaten the person’s health negatively depending on the people's perception and the daily adaptation of an individual (Donnelly, 2014). Stress not only inhibits individual functioning but also causes detrimental effects in psychological functioning, emotional strain, and physical strain (Lopresti, 2014). All of these symptoms and effects of stress are particularly evident on college students who experience these circumstances every day. According to Gall, Evans, Bellerose, and Mallinckrodt, (as cited in Zajacova, Lynch, & Espenshade, 2005), one of the most prevailing causes of stress in college which has been broadly studied is academic stress.
A lot of college freshmen students feel so much academic pressures and expectations that are more than what they had experienced in their high school life. Students, especially those who came from other places and decided to transfer in a wide universities or college schools, sometimes experience culture shock that may lead to different stresses. Students with depression may undergo different kinds of difficulties. Some may give them a lot more stress and some may let them experience so much emotion. Medium to high level of depression are the most prevalent in students and it is the main reason why academic performance is affected greatly by it.
Everyone encounters mental stress from day to day, from major life events to daily hassles. In this paper, both negative and positive effects of stress exercised on human physiological health is investigated. Effects of stress on the immune system, role as a cancer accelerator, pain inducer and cardiac disease initiator is researched upon. Although there are a number of researches supporting both positive and negative effects on human bodies, it is clear that stress can pose severe and even lethal effects on the human body when humans are exposed to stress for a long time. Stress can have an adverse impact on one’s immune system.
Lack of stress means that your body is under stimulated, when stress is too intense or is prolonged over a long period of time, this causes your body to release stress for months and this increases the risk of a range of health problems including headaches, stomach upsets and high blood pressure. In more severe cases stress can in- crease the risk of having a stroke or heart attack. Stress can also lead to psy- chological problems and it can make people feel anxious, fearful, angry and can destroy relationships both at home and at work. Stress is also
Prevalence of stress among medical student in University College Cork Background Medicine has been regarded as one of the stressful courses in university as it shown by the behavioural changes of the students taking it.High level of stress cause by studying medicine may cause problem in thinking and learning among students. Stress is defined as the body’s non-specific response to demands made upon it, or to disturbing events in the environment(1).Stress is a process in adapting with the environment. Anything that cause stress is called stressors. In a study, it has been suggested that some stress is needed for medical school learning. There were two type of stress exist, the one that helps learning is called ‘favourable stress’ and stress that inhibits learning is known as ‘unfavourable stress’.
Academic Stress: Academic stress among students have long been researched on, and researchers have identified stressors as too many assignments, competitions with other students, failures and poor relationships with other students or lecturers (Fairbrother & Warn, 2003). Academic stressors include the student 's perception of the extensive knowledge base required and the perception of an inadequate time to develop it (Carveth et al, 1996). Students report experiencing academic stress at predictable times each semester with the greatest sources of academic stress resulting from taking and studying for exams, grade competition, and the large amount of content to master in a small amount of time (Abouserie, 1994). When stress is perceived negatively
Episodic acute stress is an acute stress which is experienced over and over again. This type of stress is more common among the teenagers and office goers. The chronic stress involves demands and pressures which seems to be a day to day phenomenon. Short term stress can be adaptive but chronic stress in certain cases leads to devastating health effects. Recent studies in America showed that women are affected more by stress than men.
Addressing the above gaps therefore particularly important given that service sector is typically associated with a high level of service failure (Miller et al., 2000; Yoo et al., 2006), frequent exposure to customer complaints (Wildes, 2007), limited job control and low decision latitude unaccounted extra work load and other work characteristics, which make these employees highly susceptible to elevated levels of occupational stress leading to cultural issues. Many OS models have been used to demonstrate that stressors at work load to negative physical, psychological and behavioural changes (Kahn and Byosiere, 1992). According to the transactional model of stress (Lazarus and Folkman, 1984), the process of stress depends on the person’s appraisal of the situation. Therefore, individual differences variables that might relate to perceptions should be given more attention in occupational stress
In Lai & Say’s (2012) research, 8.7 % of the UTAR students reported that their overall sleep was very good, 58% - fairly good, and 33.3% - fairly bad or very bad. The majority of the UTAR students (67.1%) were good sleepers based on the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The second research question is “What are the depression level among UTAR students?”. In Tan’s (2011) research, the data collected in the research, UTAR students have moderate depression level on average based on the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). The third research question is “Is there any significant relationship between quality of sleep and depression among UTAR students?”.According to Tan’s (2011) research, it shows that there is a significant positive correlation between insomnia and depression.
ABSTRACT Background: Education in university is very stressful and demanding especially in final years as students need to prepare fully for graduate on time and have competition in finding jobs for future. Life of students sometimes influence by various type of stressors, some stress improve student performance while some reduce the quality of life of students. Positive and good choice of coping strategies can help in managing stress while intake of alcohol or drugs can worsen the situations. Therefore, this research was designed to study the prevalence of perceived stress and coping strategies among final year degree students in Faculty of Health Sciences, UiTM Puncak Alam. Methods: A cross sectional study design was used in this study by using survey technique in the form of questionnaire.