Africa is typically thought of as being a continent full of violence and revolution. This concept may have originated from the poor treatment of Africans by the rest of the world through colonization, forced labor in Africa, and the enslaving of Africans in other regions of the world. The danger and violence that stemmed from many countries gaining independence and experiencing political upheaval has been thwarted by peacekeeping efforts from outside agencies, like the United Nations. Africa has had a violent past, but only because of the exploitation by the Europeans, and eventually Americans. Ultimately, their ethnocentrism led to violence and the stereotype of danger in Africa.
Apart from constructing artificial hierarchies in Africa, colonialism has also contributed to ethnic conflict by establishing institutions, borders, and practices that create an unstable environment where ethnic conflict can emerge. Ethnic conflicts tend to occur in regions with weak, authoritarian governments that fail to meet the basic needs of the population. This creates frustration within the society and will create conditions that allow conflict to thrive. Moreover, it is also important to recognize that post-colonial states are characterized by weakness, resulting in the inability to change their governing structures from the institutions imposed by colonialists. Therefore, colonial policies, practices, and institutions tend to continue
Colonization used to be described as attempts to benefit the colonized country, but in Purple Hibiscus, it seems to bring about more harm than good. The story is set in politically aggressive modern Nigeria, where corruption and religious fundamentalism grips Adichie’s native country. In a way, she is describing the political turmoil happening in Africa, post colonial rule. The novel deals with the politics of Nigeria, the corrupt military rule and bloody coups. Religious fundamentalism and its
A second distinction points to the differences between structural and contingent causes of state failure. In the structural category three main arguments are commonly put forward. Firstly, the Westphalian ideal of statehood has not successfully taken root across all of Africa because of inhospitable local conditions to state building. A second structural argument centres on the problems posed by political geography especially resources. The third argument revolves around the concept of the security dilemma in which certain actors hasten state collapse in fear of an ungoverned future
Many countries, ruled by the Europeans, have struggled to secure their individuality; they eventually succeeded getting the freedom. Africa is not allowed to get its real freedom. And again Africa which seems to suffer the pain as the European culture has started to emerge, the cultural and tradition of Africa has started to submerge. It causes many local feuds and the ethnic groups continually went up against the new system. The settlers who are all already far from their native, original culture and individuality and it is inflexible for them to adapt in Africa and it is got even worse as the African society itself gone through new cultures.
Two reasons that this is true is that it has caused international tension and global organizations have tried to combat the violence. Although people may still argue that the violence in Africa has not caused the world problems and only caused Africa problems. Nevertheless the violence in
The Europeans used the military to force Africa into letting them have their land. Africa used their military to fight back. With both of them using their militaries, it often created conflict. he European imperialist designs and pressures of the late nineteenth century provoked African political and diplomatic responses and eventually military resistance. During and after the Berlin Conference various European countries sent out agents to sign so-called treaties of protection with the leaders of African societies, states, kingdoms, decentralized societies, and empires.
Artistic autonomy was hard to arrive at without financial autonomy he opined. What for Sissoko was disconcerting was the delinking reality of images shot in one corner of the world (Africa ) and shown in another (the West), where it will always remain an enigma. The actual people who need to be fed with these products are continually starved of this link that is vital and fundamental. There is therefore the paradoxical situation in which the cinéastes have to choose between making bad African films to please the French (West) or good African films that put off Westerners. Sissoko is of the opinion that at times only Africa is making the effort to reach out to others who remain fixed in their own backyards: “ We Africans make great efforts to understand Europe; that is rarely reciprocated.
This lack of infrastructure or the concentration of infrastructure has led to certain cities or area’s in African states become over-populated whilst the rest of the country remains rural and backward (hartzenberg 2011). The concentration of infrastructure has led to a barrier for intra-African trade and increases the transactions costs of trade for African countries between each other (Ojo 2015). The poor trade relations between African states stems from colonialism where colonialism African countries
Just as we live in a world where even visas have varying values, discrimination has become an undeniable reality – hindrances to playful world traveling. If we cannot identify with anyone outside of our world, it becomes easier to abuse and oppress them because of a lack of love (seeing oneself in the ‘Other’). W.E.B. Dubois had a desire to see America interpreted through the acknowledgement of two very different worlds merging through African and White Americanism (McKenna & Pratt, 2015). Or as it were, racial barriers should be acknowledged and both sides study to merge and unify.