Hand weakness is also another sign of ALS, along with trouble swallowing and muscle cramps in the shoulders and tongue. After time, ALS affects the ability to control the muscles needed to move, speak, eat, and breath. As known to researchers today, there are a few different forms of ALS. One type of this disease is called progressive bulbar palsy. Bulbar attacks the bulb shaped part of the brain stem first affecting the motor neurons needed for chewing, swallowing, speaking, and other facial muscles.
Some people find it difficult to hold a grip, to write. Also it’s too hard for a person to speak because their muscles is too weak. EDS can develop a swellings all the way to an elbow and knee. EDS can happen in a people who have a problem with their teeth
Patients often experience headaches that are bilateral and located in the frontal temporal region. It is associated with pulsating pain, nausea, photophobia, phonophobia and aggravated with activity. (Pathostatement) The pathophysiology is often elusive. The cause is often neurovascular and take place in the brain. A type of neuron event can cause an imbalance in the trigeminal system causing inflammation.
“(SIS) occurs when a person with a concussion, even a very mild one, suffers a second blow before fully recovering from the first. The brain swelling and increased intracranial pressure that can result is potentially fatal” (Davidson, Atkins, and Longe). 95% of repeat concussions occur within 10 days of the first, and 75% within 1 week (“Head Injuries”). Because the vessels in the brain take about 15 days to heal, the player is at higher risk for another concussion or the vessels bursting. A burst vessel can result in death.
Stuttering is a multidimensional involuntary disruption in the production of speech sounds, that is also accompanied by underlying emotional factors. Stuttering is highly variable and is unique to certain individuals and situations. Stuttering can best be defined as a neurodevelopmental, epigenetic, multifactor disorder. Although it is more important to understand how to treat stuttering, knowing the cause of stuttering may provide a sense of comfort and acceptance for the person who stutters and their family. There are several plausible theories of stuttering, but there is no evidence pinpointing the exact etiology of it.
But a person will also feel confused and dizzy. Blurry vision is also common. And they might not be able to stand for a while after it happens. Some people also become unconscious. Concussions are more serious in children because of the long-term impact that they have on their physical and mental development.
When a concussion occurs, the brain is slammed against the inside of the skull and can be bruised. The brain tissue can tear due to different parts moving at different speeds. The ion and chemical ratio becomes unbalanced, causing nerve failure and unconsciousness. Oxygen is limited, slowing recovery. Multiple concussions and swelling can cause progressive cognitive decline which is like dementia (Brain Facts).
Some symptoms may stay with the individual and they may not recover from them. Severe – The individual will lose consciousness for more than 24 hours and may need life support machinery to help them breathe, the brain may starve from oxygen and cause injury. This can lead to loss of mobility, communication, talking and eating and drinking and may mean they become nil by mouth. Discuss initial effects of acquired brain injury on the individual The initial effects of acquired brain injury on the individual can upset, confuse, frustrate and anger them as they may struggle to focus, achieve, do and say things that they could easily before. Their cognitive, physical and emotional function will be altered and they will find it difficult and frustrating to adapt to.
Some children may have conditions such as Dyslexia, ADHD, Downs Syndrome or Autism, which will cause their communication to be different. They may find it hard to interpret what an adult is asking them to do or they may not be able to communicate what they want to say in a way for an adult to understand them. Hearing and Physical impairments will also have an effect on communication. Hearing impairments in a child or adult will create a barrier in communication where the listener will have to use a different form of communication such as sign language or using pictures and gestures. Physical impairments would include disabilities such as Cerebral Palsy or Spina Bifida in the child or adult.
Behavioral problems and developmental delays can occur, which causes the individual to achieve milestones slower, such as sitting and walking. According to NORD, "affected individuals may experience abnormal delays in the acquisition of skills requiring the coordination of mental and muscular activity (psychomotor