Introduction This assignment is in two parts. The first part of this assignment would attempt to use the theories of human development to explain the child behaviours observed during child observation at the preschool while the second part of this assignment would propose an intervention on a scenario at my practice placement. I would demonstrate my critical understanding of the theories and evaluate their relevance for evidence-informed and value-based practice. I would conclude by articulating my critical appreciation of the use of theory to inform professional social work practice based on my experience from the child observation and my placement experience. The notes taken from the child observations and a chosen case from my placement,
Source: My Pegagogic Creed, John Dewey, 1897. (Page 2) Dewey believed that child-centred learning would help them build on their identified strengths and argued that children were unable to learn information unless they could apply it to their own lives and experiences. The active application in this way would ensure that the child had internalised the learning. On the same lines, he also viewed the construction of such knowledge as being subject to trial-and-error interactions between a child and his or her
During these peer interactions, the teacher can see how the children organise their learning and how they deal with challenges. Play also presents a number of opportunities for learning, whereby engaging with the pupils in their interaction the educator would pick up ways of how to extend their play and assess their learning in a more formative and indirect manner. Moreover, we also found that it is more effective to see the children in their naturalistic setting without being obtrusive, hence informal observations are key as not to disturb the children’s ordinary routine. Observing the children’s guardians could also be a window towards finding out what motivates the children to learn, Maccoby
This implies that teachers have a special place in a child’s life to improve to the life that they already have by letting a child work on his own because this will give him more progress than helping him more than is needed. This shows that she wants what is best for children. Furthermore, readers can comprehend that Montessori wants what’s best for kids because she elaborates that teachers should “be always ready to share in both the joys and the difficulties which the child experiences.” Montessori explains that adults should be always ready to share in a child’s experiences. This implies that adults need to be patient with children, but always be ready to help them when needed and rejoice with them when they succeed. She also explains that teachers should always be “ready.” This display’s that a teacher should always be there to help each child and that a child should be able to approach her with any need that he has without feeling a resistance to her.
According to “(Siraj-Blatchford et al 2002: 28)”Pedagogy means a set of technical instructions and strategies that enable learning to take place .It provides opportunities for acquisition of knowledge, skills, attitude, learning dispositions with a particular social and material context. It refers to the interaction between the child, the teacher, the community and the child’s family. It also includes the environment in which the child learns in . Tina Bruce looked at the work of many pedagogues (Fröbel, Steiner and Maria Montessori)and modern theorist that included ( Bruner, Pringle, Piaget and Vygotsky) she found that they all had an agreement in how to best work with young children. Based on the work of the other theorist that she had studied Tina Bruce developed ten principles of early childhood education.
Equilibration is an internal self-regulation process that structures the developing intelligence by adapting to internal and external change (Furth, 1977). Individuals are active in forming new patterns of reasoning through interaction of assimilation and accommodation by solving problems and learning from others(Karplus, & Butts, 1977). However, some scholars argue that tests used in Piaget’s experiment is inaccurate as some children may acquire the required skills, but they fail to apply skills to solve the problems in the test (Smith, 2013). There are other factors influencing children’s conservation ability, like training, intelligence and socioeconomic status of children(DeVries, 1974; Gaudia, 1972; Kingsley, & Hall, 1967). In the following study, differences between Piagetian test and test done under modern Hong Kong society were investigated.
Constructivism promotes the use of technology in the classroom in order to support teaching (2016:98). By using technology, the teacher can ensure efficient communication in a visual and symbolic way. Constructivism also states that learning should happen through social interaction (2016:62). This aligns with the fact that the CAPS promote the use of language
From the above discussion, it seemed to be clear why I chose 'Social Cognitive Theory '. This theory seemed to be supported to my study because it focused on observation which plays fundamental role to learn English. This theory believs that learning takes places through direct observation, modeling, social environment, skills, stratigies, and attitudes. In EFL classroom, teachers exhibit different behaviors (verbal and nonverbal), skills, and attitudes by creating learning environment which may influence students to learn an English language.This theory helped me to see what types of nonverbals behaviors teachers demonstrate through modeling while teaching. Similarly, this theory gave me insight to explore the aims of this study.
It is necessary to diagnose such concepts and, in the case of misconceptions, to plan a lesson which integrates new information with these concepts. The key to success is ensuring that students are constructing or reconstructing a correct framework for their new knowledge. One way of establishing this framework is to have students create "concept maps," an approach pioneered by Novak and Gowin (1984). With this technique, students learn to visualize a group of concepts and their interrelationships. Children’s knowledge about mental representation keeps on increasing after the preschool time.
Teacher helps learners to express and respondto their cultural learning experiences. Learners move through the stages of learning cycle building skills, developing cultural behavior, discovering cultural explanation. The teacher’s role in the learning cycle is crucial as it can to a great deal influence learner’s attitude towards culture learning. Teacher needs to establish a good working relationship with learners, “creating an atmosphere of mutuality and respect”. Teacher should share his or her own cultural experience with learners in order to help them enter another culture.