Athena, the goddess of wisdom, had taken the newborn to Hera. The goddess had nursed the infant, not knowing that it was really Hercules. He then received his superhuman strength under her care. Because of this, Alcmene decided to change her son’s name to Heracles, which means The Glory of Hera, in order to satisfy the goddess. However, Hera soon realized that the infant was indeed Hercules and still wanted him killed.
Helen expresses what everyone thinks of him, “‘You’ve come back from the fight. How I wish you’d died there, killed by that strong warrior who was my husband once’” (Homer, Iliad 3. 480-482), this stirred up conflicts on the ground between the mortals and made Helen and other Trojans dislike Paris even more. Goddesses like Athena were out for revenge in the Iliad because Paris did not see her fit for the golden apple that was to be given to the fairest Goddess, in the Judgement of Paris. So Athena and Hera, who mainly used her marriage to Zeus to do her dirty work, plotted against the Trojans.
Athena also referred to as athene, is a very important goddess in greek mythlogy. She is the goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, strategic welfare, mathematics, strength, strategic, arts, crafts, and skill. She is known to be the companion of heroes and patron goddess of heroic endeavor. There are different stories about who athena parents might be, there are stories like zeus had a bad headache and hephaestus used his hammer to open zeus’s head and athena sprang out of his head with a warrior like cry and fully dressed and was holding a spear. There are other stories like zeus laye with metis, goddess of crafty thoughts and wisdom, and then swallowed her whole because he feared she will give birth to a child more powerful than him because of a prophecy but she was already pregnant.
Because of Zeus’s infedelities, Hera always watches out for him and she can never stop being jealous. To get revenge on him, “she drugs his drink; they (the other gods) surrounded him as he slept and bound him with rawhide thongs.” Her jealousy caused her to punish her husband. She was right in doing so but it did backfire on her.
She is infuriated at Zeus and is so jealous that she wants to kill Hercules. In the myth, one night Hera sent two snakes to kill Hercules and his brother, Iphicles. The snakes hovered over the sleeping babies, Iphicles screamed, but Hercules wasn’t phased. He sat up and grabbed the snakes by their throats. Amphitryon rushed to nursery to find hercules holding to dead snakes.
Hera was angry that Hercules had a family and was happy. She drove him mad, making him kill Megara and his three children. Once he realized what he did, he went to Apollo (some sources say the Oracle of Delphi) and begged for penance. Apollo told Hercules to do these tasks as a punishment for his wrongs, so that the evil might be cleansed from his spirit. Hercules also had to go to the city of Tiryns, ruled over by Eurystheus.
Lysander told that he was as good and as rich as Demetrius, but Egeus wouldn’t listen. Egeus told that if Hermia wouldn’t marry Demetrius, she would die: this was the law of Athens and his right as her father. The duke agreed that Hermia had to obey her father. Since Lysander was not satisfied with the duke’s decision, he came up with a plan. He and Hermia could escape from Athens and its unjust laws by running away to his widowed aunt's house.
Hestia (Ἑστία, Hestía) Virgin goddess of the hearth, home and chastity. She is a daughter of Rhea and Cronus and sister of Zeus. Not often identifiable in Greek art, she appeared as a modestly veiled woman. Her symbols are the hearth and kettle. In some accounts, she gave up her seat as one of the Twelve Olympians in favor of Dionysus, and she plays little role in Greek myths.
A myth about Hades was that he was known as the Lord of Death. Hera, had the power of marriage and family. She was Zeus’s sister and wife. Her symbol was a peacock. The myth about her was that she fascinated with Zeus but he loved her.
In Iliad, the first revenge action was made by Menelaus, the king of Sparta. He enraged and decided to take a revenge from the Trojans, because of loss of his wife, Helen. When he went to war, plenty of his companions joined him, such as Achilles, the leader of the Myrmidons, Odysseus, the king of Ithaca, Ajax the Greater, the king of Salamis, etc. After that, in book 16, Achilles lends Patroclus his armor, sends him off with a stern admonition to not to pursue the Trojans. However, Patroclus ignoring Achilles’ command, pursues and reaches the gates of Troy and is killed by Hector.