Clinical Trials Importance

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Clinical Trials and Its Importance in Drug Discovery Introduction Clinical trials are research studies that check how well new medical approaches work in individuals. Every study answers scientific queries and tries to search out higher ways to prevent, screen for, diagnose, or treat a disease. Clinical trials may additionally compare a brand new treatment to a treatment that 's already on the market. Every clinical test incorporates a protocol, or action plan, for conducting the trial. The plan describes what will be done in the study, how it 'll be conducted, and why every a part of the study is critical. Every study has its own rules regarding who will participate. Some studies want volunteers with a particular disease. Some want…show more content…
In the United States, AN independent committee of physicians, statisticians, and members of the community should approve and monitor the protocol. They make sure that the risks are less and are definitely worth the potential benefits. (NIH: National Institutes of Health) If a clinical research study involves testing or considering a drug or medical device to determine if it is a safe and effective treatment for people, it is called a "trial." For example, a clinical trial may test the effectiveness of a new drug for treating Parkinson 's disease. Clinical trials are one among the final stages of a long and careful research process. The process usually begins in a laboratory, where scientists initially develop and test new ideas. If an approach appears promising, subsequent step may involve animal testing. This shows how the approach affects a living body and whether it 's harmful. However, an approach that works well within the laboratory or animals does not always work well in individuals. Thus, research in humans is required. For safety purposes, clinical trials begin with small groups of patients to seek out whether a new approach causes any harm. In later phases of clinical trials, researchers learn a lot of about the new approach 's risks and benefits. A clinical trial may find that a new strategy, treatment, or…show more content…
Clinical research informs clinical practice and evidence based medicine. Preapproval clinical trials bring new drugs to market and provide the information contained within each drug’s prescribing information (label). This information concerning the drug’s safety and therapeutic benefit, which is the best available information at the time of approval, guides treatment decisions at the individual patient level. Clinical trials also generate the evidence contained within treatment practice guidelines, which have a broader reach across populations of patients. Clinical trials conducted after the drug’s approval, along with spontaneous safety reporting and active post marketing surveillance, provide additional information that may lead to changes to the drug’s label over time as the drug’s use in clinical practice increases. This paper provides an overview of clinical trial categorization in new drug

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