1.0 INTRODUCTION Health and well-being can be described as the achievement and maintenance of physical fitness and mental stability. Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Well being is defined as the quality of people’s life. (World Health Organization, no. 2, p. 100) 1948. Health and wellbeing is focusing on physical, cognitive, social and emotional development. Focusing on physical and cognitive development is physically healthy, healthy thinking like positive thinking. Focusing on social and emotional development is the quality of people’s life that influences by environment for example health status, education, socio-economic status and family background. …show more content…
According to Piaget (1962) defined play as assimilation, or the children efforts to make environmental stimuli match his or her own concepts. Piaget theory holds that play, in and of itself, does not necessarily result in the formation of new cognitive structures. Piaget claimed that play was just for pleasure, and while it allowed children to practice things they had previously learned, it did not necessarily result in the learning of new things. In other words, play reflects what the children has already learned but does necessarily teach the children anything new. In this view, play is seen as a "process reflective of emerging symbolic development, but contributing little to it". Children have an inner drive to build an understanding of their world as they explore and interact with materials. A concept about how the world works are built gradually and become increasingly complex as the children enters a rich learning environment and exercises their freedom to …show more content…
Children have a natural affinity for sand play. Teachers can build on their interest by providing children with inviting props, asking appropriate questions, and scheduling ample time for children to work through with their play ideas. This is a best activity for children’s to teach mathematic, alphabet, science and arts. Although play is a difficult concept to define, it is very easy to recognize. Children actively involved in play may be engaged in a variety of activities, independently, with a partner, or in a group. Because play is closely tied to the cognitive, socio-emotional, and motor development of young children, it is an important part of developmentally appropriate early childhood
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The key features of an effective play based learning environment are that children able to play uninterrupted for long periods of time and are able to choose from a range of resources and areas, letting them choose activities on their own accord. Children are able to develop a wide variety of skills by having lots of various resources to choose from. 2.5 Explain why both adult initiated and child initiated play and learning activities are important for children from birth to five years In an Early Years setting we allow children to participate in child initiated play. By allowing children to choose which resources they would like to play with let’s them explore their favourite type of activity, and have a sense of independence.
When arranging activities for play based learning within early years provision there can be barriers towards it from taking place. Before the week begins, planning is needed. When planned activities are prepared resources are needed too. Resources can become a barrier towards play. This is because the resources that were needed were not available to be used.
Even if you’re not involved in their play it offers a sense of reassurance to children. You can also support a play based approach to learning by encouraging children to play with things they may not have played with before e.g playing with the resource yourself alongside the child. If a child sees what you can do with the resource then they are more likely to eventually participate along side you, copying what you are doing. 4.3 Evaluate different materials and equipment to support play based learning opportunities for children in their early years
This area focuses on how well the child has developed in confidence and how they relate with other children in a large group. Children who haven’t yet matured enough in this area will encounter personal and social hiccups in a school setting. This area comes as a barometer of how well they are able to manage their feelings. Physical development This area focuses on the physical well-being of a child and how well they respond to their day to day needs.
First of all, in order to understand the importance of wellbeing in the early years, it is important to quote lines from Sir Michael Marmot who maintains that “the foundations of virtually every aspect of human development- physical, intellectual, emotional- are laid in early years. What happens during these early years has lifelong effects on many aspects of health and wellbeing- from obesity, heart diseases and mental health to the educational achievement to economic status. ” Wellbeing may normally refer to physical as well as mental state in which development of both aspects of children is satisfactory (Allen et al, 2011). Wellbeing is a broad concept that includes medical as well as social element in defining children`s heath at the early years of their life.
Also, play helps children to develop their physical, mental, social and emotionally. If children and young people have access to good play provision then it many benefits for them, these may be: • It will help to increase the children and young people’s awareness, self-esteem and self-respect. • It will give them opportunity to mix with other children whatever their background or ability are. •
Introduction Developmental psychology makes an attempt to comprehend the types and sources of advancement in children’s cognitive, social, and language acquisition skills. The pioneering work done by early child development theorists has had a significant influence on the field of psychology as we know it today. The child development theories put forward by both Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson have had substantial impacts on contemporary child psychology, early childhood education, and play therapy. In this essay, I aim to highlight the contribution of these two theorists in their study of various developmental stages, the differences and similarities in their theories, and their contributions to the theory and practice of play therapy.
I agree that play-based learning offers diverse opportunities for children to explore, discover and create, they can also discover new things and communicate with peer during free-play time. Frobel said that “Play is the highest expression of human development in childhood, for it alone is the free expression of what is in a child 's soul” (Froebel, 1887). He believed in the importance of play in a child’s learning as creative activity. Play provided the means for a child’s intellectual, social, emotional and physical development which are necessary elements in educating the “whole” children allowing them to use all imaginative powers and physical movements to explore their interests.
In general, playing is the mutual popular activity among children because playing is fun and flexible, it can be personal, with the presence of others or with the social presence of others (De Kort & Ijsselsteijn, 2008). The researchers and experts believe that the power of play has an important psychological role in children’s development, as reinforced by Sutton-Smith (1993, p. 279) using “play as progress” and “play ethos” by Peter Smith (1988, p. 166) both cited in Pellegrini (1995). Goldstein (2012) stated that pretend play is one of the common types of interactive social play among 2- to 6-years-old children. He also mentioned that as children grow, the nature and function of pretend play will also change from simple imitation to more
Introduction Developmental psychology makes an attempt to comprehend the types and sources of advancement in children’s cognitive, social, and language acquisition skills. The child development theories put forward by both Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson have had substantial impacts on contemporary play therapy. In this essay, I aim to highlight the contribution of these two theorists in their study of various developmental stages, the differences and similarities in their theories, and their contributions to the theory and practice of play therapy. Jean Piaget
Play based learning has been advocated by early childhood educators. The play based learning theory is based on constructivist studies by Jean Piaget (1953). Piaget believed that learning comes from within: children construct their own knowledge of the world through experience and subsequent reflection. And play is a medium for learning especially for young children simply because play is so intuitive to them. Some researchers like Winner and Melinda (2009) suggested, children learn more efficiently and gain more knowledge through activities such as dramatic play, art, and social games.
Well-being and health is a concept that has been an area of interest of researchers since quite a long time. Well - being refers to the ideas that individuals hold about themselves, feeling healthy, happy and well off. It generally includes global judgments of life satisfaction and feelings ranging from depression to joy. According to Davidson et al (2003) “Well-being is a state of successful performance throughout the life course integrating physical, cognitive and socio-emotional functions that results in productive activities deemed significant by one’s cultural community, fulfilling social relationships, and the ability to transcend moderate psychosocial and environmental problems. Well being also has a subjective dimension in the sense