The observation of children, centred round careful viewing and listening, is a crucial characteristic of effective early childhood pedagogy. Nonetheless, research suggests that early years’ practitioners struggle to observe children satisfactorily and find a great difficulty in planning provisions built upon their observations. Thus, it is imperative that as prospective early childhood educators, we should understand the importance and value that such methodology holds. There should be a continuity between that which is observed in the classroom setting and what is presented to the students to facilitate their learning. Such observation equips educators with the skills necessary for effective teaching, learning and assessment.
Children and their education are one of the if not most important factors for our future as a country and as individuals. Maria Montessori and Colin Powell take stances on opposing views when it comes to structure such as desks or basic learning opportunities in the classroom, to teacher intervention when it comes to helping a child. Maria Montessori and Colin Powell have contrasting views when it comes to matters regarding education and structure. Colin Powell uses the quote “The kids who didn’t have that structure or minding in the beginning,... and they start to realize … and they’re on their way to jail or on they’re on their way to being dropouts” to directly support his claim that without any layout of structure in the students life,
According to Vygotsky, for the curriculum to be developmentally appropriate, the teacher must plan activities that encompass not only what children are capable of doing on their own but what they can learn with the help of others (Karpov & Haywood, 1998). Vygotsky’s theory does not mean that anything can be taught to any child. Only instruction and activities that fall within the zone promote development. For example, if a child cannot identify the sounds in a word even after many prompts, the child may not benefit immediately from instruction in this skill. Teachers can use information of both levels of Vygotsky’s zone of proximal development in organizing classroom activities such as first instruction can be planned to provide practice in
Student Name: Yan Wang Theory Critique between Cognitive Theory and Socio-cultural Theory For this assignment, I have selected two theories, cognitive theory and socio-cultural theory, to compare and contrast for further understanding children development and both theories’ implication in current education. Cognitive theory studies how people think, what’s going on within people’s mind. Social-cultural theory studies how the society, the culture, other people or external environment impact individual development. This paper would firstly respectively demonstrate both theories’ basic philosophy, representative persons and their claims.
There are cultural and geographical differences, both in relation to constructs of childhood and the perception of what are appropriate or acceptable practices. When it comes to content, and more specifically inappropriate content, a population of children is not homogenous. Each child is different, the difference is different ages, education, language, culture, religion, maturity, experiences, interests, etc. and also individual children change rapidly as they mature and develop. The determination of what content is appropriate for an individual child is best left as the responsibility of the parents, guardians and educators who know the child.
But instructors are likely to create new instructional strategies if they receive feedback and support while trying the new strategies in their classrooms. This statement suggests that teachers need regular opportunities for reflection and problem solving at the same time the students are in school. In creating time during the school days, it’s likely to miss upon needed participants. Some institutions exhibit to have all classroom teachers vacant for team planning but fail to include key support workforce.
In each level, two sub stages included in which aspects of moral development mentioned. First level is pre-conventional which signifies the child’s ability to respond to rules, social order, good, bad and ethics. Fist stage in this level is punishment and obedience orientation. The main argument is about determining right or wrong depending on the punishment. Children try to avoid punishment trying to defend themselves are their values and rights.
The period of middle childhood develops many new cognitive abilities. This period, also referred to as the period of concrete operations, is where children begin to develop an understanding of conservation. The child also starts to understand and empathise with people’s behaviours and emotions so they develop the ability to logically analyse situations. At a younger age, children were unable to perform mental reversal but it is said in middle childhood that this skill develops. Many of these abilities will have been introduced earlier in the child’s life yet they were unable to explain them therefore being unable to comprehend them.
Significance of the Study This study has implications for educators, school districts parent and students. Parent engagement intervention and prevention studies occur in comprehensive schools but parent engagement research in an alternative education setting is minimal to non-existent. As a result of this study school districts will recognize a need to create and reengage parents in their students education as a means for student academic success.
It is important that the assessment instruments match the learning objectives of the module. If an assessor does not have skills, training, experience to use a particular assessment it is unluckily that they method they will use to assess will be effective, hence why is it important to match the assessment instruments with the delivery method. In sum, Healey (2000) emphasised that those who teach in higher education institutions are duty bound “to learn how to adopt a scholarly approach to teaching and how to collect and present rigorous evidence of their effectiveness as teachers” (p. 170). Therefore, it is important that Facilitator use assessment strategies that they are both confident and matches the learner’s learning styles. It is argued that assessor
1-Does the Department of Human Services (DHS) child protective branch provide a system that positively impacts children in their care? Yes, in some case child protective services do prevent fatalities and abuse. They remove children from horrific situations but the process after the removal is questionable. 2-Is it ethical to pay foster parents to care for children temporarily but charges astronomical amounts for to parents desiring to adopt them?
A. 1. Partnerships with families and communities support shared responsibility for children’s learning, development, and wellbeing. – I believe this is a breach of the code because knowing that children can understand this sort of negativity can cause them to have set backs which would not honour the parent’s wishes or the child’s development. 2. Respectful, responsive, and reciprocal relationships are central to children’s education.
Within this article, there are guidelines for caseworkers that work with child protective services (CPS). There are seven stages in the CPS process. The stages consist of intake, initial assessment or investigation, comprehensive family assessment, planning, service provision, evaluation of family progress, and case closure. There are several core values that CPS workers follow. One of the stages that I focused on while reading is that CPS workers work hard to guarantee the safety of children within their family and home.
There is a Problem with Standardized Testing In today’s education department, the success of a student is determined by their ability to excel on a standardized test. However, society is starting to debate whether standardized tests should actually determine whether a student passes to the next level. In both Anaya Kamenetz’s book and TV documentary, The Test: Why Our Schools Are Obsessed with Standardized Testing but You Don’t Have to Be, she describes problems in within the school system, ultimately leading the corruption and mistrust of the school system. The book review and Book TV have a lot of similarities and differences regarding the way the author’s views are expressed.
Toddlers. The Walden School 2 and 2 and half years 1) I observed that it is a clean place. The areas of toileting are separated from areas used for cooking, eating and children’s activities. The tables are cleaned regularly. The teacher uses gloves to serve food.