The Zhou kings used a feudal lord system and allowed pre-existing rulers to remain in power. The Zhou Kings lenience with the rulers who were already in place was clear. The Zhou Kings allowed feudal lords to retain their armies as long as they pledged allegiance to the Zhou kings. The eventual collapse of the Zhou was due to their central government weakening to the point when they could no longer control the states they conquered. “Zhou power declined gradually during the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period” (Wachtel, 2009, 57). The Zhou states fell into chaos, and turmoil began to brew once the central government’s inability to rule became apparent; the catalyst of said turmoil was the desire for dominion over China, “As the Zhou states competed for power, the authority of the Zhou dynasty slowly lessened and the feudal system died out.” (Wachtel, 2009,
Different periods throughout China’s history have different names, known as dynasties, for the diverse positions within its society. Theoretically, all of the periods are similar, with the government and military officials ranking high in the hierarchy, and the average everyday people being under regular Chinese law. Throughout China’s history, the society has been organized into a hierarchic system of socio-economic classes, known as the four occupations. The four occupations system seems to have become distorted after the commercialization of Chinese culture during the Song Dynasty. Even though the social rankings within the country are not as predominant as they once were, the people living within the country still know their “place” within the society.
China had several independent states before unification. The Shang and the Zhou were evidently the powerful state that took control over some states. However, the Zhou experienced its decline that led to wars and chaos. The Zhou dynasty’s last years were known to be a period of turmoil and confusion. This incident is better known as the Period of the Warring States in which conflagration was of great magnitude that led society to reflect on their situation. China became involved in an endless conflict among several states to fight over for supreme control of China. The Qin and Chu were regarded to be the most powerful states among the seven due to its ability to command abundant resources. They expanded territory and boundaries, without fear
As we know it today, China has been one of the most successful countries in the world, early China is much different from what we know to be the Republic of China. Before becoming one massive country, China was divided into many kingdoms between two very significant rivers, the Yellow and Yangtze rivers. Today, historians conclude that they have been able to uncover facts about the Chinese dynasties to as early as 1700 B.C. Artifacts, bronze weapons, and written records show the successes of an era known as the Shang and Zhou dynasty.
The Qin dynasty did not last very long. While the Qin dynasty did some wonderful things, such as ending the warring states period, this dynasty also had a very corrupt leader. Qin Shi Huang Di, a ruler during the Qin Dynasty, burned confucian books, buried Confucian scholars alive, and killed anyone who didn’t agree with him. Buddhist monks lit themselves on fire in protest of Qin Shi Huang Di. In my ideal government, the power would have to be spread to avoid repeating
The Qin dynasty only survived 15 years; the dynasty held an important role in Chinese history and has a great influence on other dynasties. Qui, the leader had great power over his land and was very strong. He also developed a system of bureaucracy. Bureaucracy is a system of government where the most important decisions are made. The also built the great wall of china because The Great Wall of China needed to be built to protect China from its enemies from the North. It took him about 20 years to build the Great Wall of China. It is still standing today. Qin created a law code His law code applied to everyone. He created a huge law enforcement group, to enforce those laws.
The Qin dynasty adopted Legalism as the dominant source of control over the people they ruled over while the Han dynasty adopted Confucianism to give merit or family connections. These two different ideologies impacted how long their dynasties lasted, and quality for those living under their dynasties rule. Legalism was a strict legal system and harsh consequences for denying to follow their system. Legalism centered influence towards a powerful government and, most people in power favored legalism because of influence over much of the people and land. Confusionism, on the other hand, put heavenly laws over that of mans.This made laws for citizens much looser than that of the Qin dynasty. Quality of life improved under Han rule because the Qin dynasty made sure that their laws were followed with an iron fist. The Han dynasty still implied for their laws to be followed, but not as strict or with as nasty
In Ancient Mesopotamia the people formed the government, technology, and religion that has exceedingly influenced our daily life. The Sumerians developed the first human civilization in world history. They lived in southern Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in the Middle East. The Sumerians created governments that helped rule the city-states, the technology that made numerous contribution to their civilization, and religion that they worshiped.
Mesopotamia was the start of the western civilization and the people pioneered the wheel, writing, religion at 3000BCE and math.
As we look back into the imperial ages of China, we can see many important people and factors that led to the rise and development of the first Chinese Empire. It was during the same period that Rome had established a major empire, the Qin and Han rulers of China took the same path and brought upon its first ever known empire. Qin Shi Huang, meaning “First Emperor of Qin” was the founder of the Qin dynasty. Unlike Qin Shi Huang, the founder of the Han dynasty “Liu Bang” was born a peasant that later became the emperor of the Han. Both the Qin and the Han had different social, cultural, and political views, but they were able to efficiently run their government using their own system. Legalism had its flaws leading the Qin to its downfall and Confucianism seemed to be more widely accepted by the people.
In the early stages of life on Earth, there were many civilizations and organizations of people. Two civilizations were the Indus River Valley and Sumerian people. These civilizations were located in modern day India and Southern Iraq. They both relied on many things to thrive and become wealthy organizations. The Indus River Valley and the Sumer civilizations shared similarities (Religion,Politics, and Art); they also have many differences (Economics, Social, and Geography).
In the distant land known as Sumeria, there were four empires that wanted to control all of Mesopotamia. They fought over water food land and many more things to fight about. All the civilization that lived in Mesopotamia rose and fell like the sun.
In comparing early civilizations, both ancient Egypt and early china developed and thrived based on their river systems. However, Egypt succeeded in their civilization by how they thrived on their natural resources; whereas, China was most impacted by how challenges of agriculture, the varying climates, and the time of migration affected their agricultural advancements and also how they used many techniques learned from the land of China to be a supreme political unit. These comparisons will provide insight on how the geography of each civilization paved the way to a successful development of their civilization, culture, and
China started when some of its earliest rulers introduced ideas about government and society. These ideas formed and shaped the Chines civilization in its earliest forms. Around 2000 B.C. some of the bigger cities started to rise up. Yu, the first ruler of the Xia Dynasty and introduced flood control systems that tamed the Huang Ye River. Eventually though the Xia Dynasty could not last any longer and the Shang Dynasty took over and was the first to keep written records. Most of its towns and cities were built out of wood. Anyang was one of the capital buildings. During this time with all these cities class systems formed with the upper class inside the city walls and the lower class outside of the walls. Later on it the Shang dynasties rule
The Western Zhou Dynasty lasted from 1046 B.C to 771 B.C. The capital city was in Haojing, now in the southern part of Xian, Shaanxi Province. This dynasty includes the reigns of 13 emperors, and played an important role in the development of China. What was originally a dependency of the Shang, the Zhou developed under the rule of King Wen and King Wu. In 1046 B.C, King Wu defeated the Shang and established the Zhou. The agriculture in the Western Zhou developed into a higher level, because the tools were now made of bronze. Because slaves existed back then, the handicraft and production of bronze were increasing. During the later period of this dynasty people were beginning to grasp