Lao Tzu, who founded Taoism, understood chaos and order differently. Confucianism and Taoism are considered the two sizes to the Chinese philosophical coin. (Novak) Lao Tzu believed that avoiding confrontation and going with the flow is the key to the perfect society. For example, this exert from the text. "Life is a series of natural changes.
The reign on Wang Mang and his dynasty did not last long, as he was overthrown by a peasant revolt in 25 CE. This initiated the reestablishment of the Han dynasty, commonly referred to as Eastern Han (25-220 CE). It received its name based on the relocation of the capital from Chang’an to the city of Loyang, which was located further east in China. It is important to identify the different time periods for which the Han dynasty ruled because several factors contributed to the collapse of the early Western Han dynasty, Wang Mang’s ruling, and then the later Eastern Han dynasty. All of which, in some way or another, were influenced by catastrophe, intruders, class conflict, societal contradiction, elite mismanagement or misbehaviour.
Confucianism became popular during the Zhou and the rulers expected their citizens to follow the rules and values accordingly. Confucianism was unusual because it was the belief that emperors were above all, scholars were second, then farmers, merchants, and lastly slaves and women. This is different from the typical social structure that started with emperors first as well, but followed with merchants then scholars and farmers and again, slaves last. This unique social hierarchy could have been another contributing factor to the length of the Zhou
The Daodejing, similar to the Analects, was written during the Warring State period, a time when the Zhou kingdom disintegrated into a series of feudal states fighting for power—a time of fragmentation and chaos. The Daodejing was written for Daoist, educated men, and people interested in Daoist teachings. The Daodejing was written to inform people, therefore, it was written as if speaking to a student. Laozi, the author of the Daodejing, although has no proof of existence, is believed to be a keeper of archives in the royal court and a teacher who travelled around China. The purpose of the Daodejing is to articulate Laozi’s ideas on Daosim and inform people about his philosophy.
This historical analysis will define the imperial impact of French colonialism and the influence of Chinese communism and on the Vietnamese people in the pre-WWII era. The important role of China in the development of Vietnam’s history is crucial to understand the ways in which foreign colonists could not sustain dominance over these peoples. In the past, Northern Vietnam had been a part of China, which defines the close relationship that these people had with a larger and more powerful empire in this region of the world. In the late 19th century and early 20th century, the role of China’s own nationalist movements had an impact on Vietnam’s own struggles in French-Indochina. The early focus on “nationalism” in China was going against western
The differences between the Qin Dynasty , the dynasty before the Hans, and the Han is that the Han emperor discarded the harsh policies of the Qin Dynasty. Not only that, the people in the Han followed more of Confucian principles rather than Legalism, and “soon became the basis for the creation of a new state philosophy.” However, despite the differences, there were similarities as well. The ruler, Han Gaozu, and his successors kept some of the practices the Qin Emperor followed. These practices are the system of local government and the division of the central government into three ministries: the military, civil service, and censorate.
Lao Tzu to some is considered to be either a Chinese hippy or the first libertarian. (Fresco) Confucius, on the other hand, was generally dedicated to establishing the educated and the philosophically minds of the people of China. Confucius taught about strict order by respecting the relationship in life, such as the self and authority. As previously stated, Lao Tzu was the complete opposite. The Tao Te Ching is filled with examples of how Lao Tzu thought life should be lived.
Ancient China, just like the rest of the world, was shaped by people. Everyone from the lowest class to the highest nobles played an important part, but some had an especially significant role in changing history’s path. One of these people was a man named Kong Qui, or, as he’s better known in the Western world, Confucius. He was born in 551 B.C. in the Lu state of China.
Imperial China was a superpower in the ancient world. China was governed by dynasties who gained power through warfare and maintained its superpower status through diplomacy. In China, governmental power was given to the emperor, who was thought to be chosen by the heavens, they were the top of the power hierarchy. Additionally, the emperor passed down power through their family. The chain of rulers from the same family came to be known as a dynasty and the history of imperial China is organized as so.
Classical China Influences: Confucianism and Daoism The Confucius Analects and Daodejing contain underlying beliefs of how to live an effective lifestyle. The sayings of Confucius focus on achieving a strong ethical code from upholding classical traditions. He views an appropriate lifestyle as the attainment of benevolence, sense of propriety, and filial piety through the following concepts: Ren, li, and Xiao. Rather, The Daodejing conveys a vision of Dao, “the way”, as the source of all thing. Primarily it associates with refinement and emptiness of being.