In the early 1600s, plantation owners were in need of workers to produce lucrative crops such as tobacco,
“The South grew, but it did not develop,” is the way one historian described the South during the beginning of the nineteenth century because it failed to move from an agrarian to an industrial economy. This was primarily due to the fact that the South’s agricultural economy was skyrocketing, which caused little incentive for ambitious capitalists to look elsewhere for profit. Slavery played a major role in the prosperity of the South’s economy, as well as impacting it politically and socially. However, despite the common assumption that the majority of whites in the South were slave owners, in actuality only a small minority of southern whites did in fact own slaves. With a population of just above 8 million, the number of slaveholders was only 383,637. No more than one-quarter of the white population partook in slavery itself, this including all the members of slave owning families and all those living in slave owning families. Given that, however, virtually every
In the mid-nineteenth-century, the economic power switched in the South from the “upper South” to the “lower South,” which was expanding agriculturally. This switch resulted in the growth of a cotton-based economy. Economically, the change from cultivating tobacco and rice to cotton helped immensely. The high demand for cotton led to tremendous profits in the South and this drew the population to move to the prospering agricultural lands. The increase in cotton farming made African American slaves a necessity to the white males. These slaves were required to obey their masters and work the fields all day. The increase in slavery changed the social systems down South; the order now went African American slaves, poor white males, and at the top was wealthy white plantation owners.
Before the Civil War, the south depended on slavery to sustain its economy. Slaves provided free labor in which they were responsible for tending to the planters land. This included planting, growing, and yielding cash crops to be able to deliver a profit for the plantation owner. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the relationship between the planter and the laborer, as well as deliberating on the interactions amongst mill owners and mill employees to be able to explain how the shared theme of why labor had to change in the south was prevalent in both articles.
In the 17th centuries early settlers came to America in the hope of taking their custom and traditions forward. However, the environment and geography brought changes to their lifestyles. Soon, people became to alter their pattern of living in the different colonies. During the 17th and 18th centuries, geography and the environment profoundly influenced the economic development and overall health and success of the two regions called the Chesapeake and the New England, which began to form in the early 17th century.
Eli Whitney invented The Cotton Gin in 1794. The purpose of this invention was to speeding up the elimination of seeds from the cotton fiber and as a result, an increase in the production of cotton.
When it comes to the topic of sugar most of us would agree that it impacted the world. Where this agreement ends ,however, is on the question of whether good or bad. Whereas some are convinced that it was a negative change, others maintain that it was a positive change. However sugar affected the world in a negative way by causing slavery, poor work condition, inequality, and low wages.
With the invention of the “cotton gin” and other inventions like it, it caused the demand for slaves to go up and to man these machines. The crops they grew in the South were tobacco, rice, sugar cane, and indigo. These were mostly the "big money" crops sold. Near some of the bays in the South, they gathered fish, oysters, and crabs. They also grew cotton as it was a promising crop, but it was difficult for them to get out the unnecessary parts. That is why the invention of the “cotton gin” was very important for the South, as it helped them get out seeds faster than a slave could. Ten years after the invention of the “cotton gin”, cotton became the South’s most important
The cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney in 1793. Versions of a cotton gin have existed since the first century in which single rollers were used to try to separate the seed from the cotton. Over time, a double roller system was invented. Finally, in 1793, the version invented by Whitney actually used teeth-like projections to remove the seed from the cotton. A belt and pulley system then separated the lint from the seeds. It revolutionized the cotton industry by making it more profitable. A machine was now used to remove seeds from cotton rather than having to remove them by hand. This allowed more cotton to be processed quicker which made production of cotton more efficient for farmers. Prior to the invention of the cotton gin, slavery was actually dying out in the southern United States due to how labor intensive the removal of seeds from cotton had become. Due to increased productivity, cotton became a cash crop in the South
The immense growth of industry and an increasing drive to move further westward from 1815 to 1860 marked a time that would forever change the fabric of America. Economic and territorial expansion would further drive sectionalism within the nation and disrupt national unity to a nearly unfathomable extent.
The growth of the textile industry, in particular, generated an increased need for cotton, which in turn perpetuated the south's reliance on slavery. With the creation of Eli Whitney's cotton gin, cotton could be produced much more efficiently and effectively through slave labor, and was also more accessible to small farms as well. The social gap between the rich and the poor in the South did not widen as much as in the North, because white people, regardless of whether they were independent landed farmers, landless farmers and farm workers, or plantation owners, had a "bond" of racial solidarity that was strongly emphasized in southern society, which solidified and aided in the retention of slavery as an institution. Although most southerners did not own slaves, and those who did rarely owned more than 10, every white southerner benefitted from slavery because it meant they could never be at the bottom of the social or economic hierarchy, and also, slaveholders often rented out slave labor to other farmers during harvest season. Even though slavery was becoming more of a divisive issue, the border states (Virginia, Kentucky, and Maryland) that could have ousted the slave-cotton system based on public opinion chose to remain slave states. Slavery was one of the few aspects of Antebellum society that was
Plantation mistresses had varying roles in the Antebellum era. Living in the antebellum South, they supported the institution of slavery for it alleviated them from domestic chores and improved their status in the society. Through slavery, the plantation mistresses could portray the ultimate housewife because they did not have to carry out manual labor commonly associated with their domestic duty. They proved to be essential to the plantation economy in the South, especially because they undertook the organizational roles. When the slaveholders were committed elsewhere, their wives took over. Historians might be somewhat silent over the
In only sixty minutes, the cotton gin was able to manufacture as much cotton as one-hundred slaves could in a day. The profit of raw cotton increased by twice as much every decade after 1800, which was around the time Eli Whitney patented his invention (Farrow 9). During this cotton gin period, cotton demand accelerated so rapidly, tobacco value dropped, exports of rice remained constant, and sugar prospered only in Louisiana (Farrow 10). Numerous plantation owners switched their crop to cotton because it rapidly became immensely profitable (Farrow 7). When the slaves and demand for cotton accelerated, consequently, the need for larger plantations increased. The process of separating cotton seeds expedited, leading to a boom in amount of slaves and a growing magnitude of cotton plantations. Plantation owners required more slaves to work the fields and pick cotton quicker so that they were able to meet the fast production of cotton cause new cotton gin. Forced laborers rarely had a break because they would work from day to night. Slaves continued working and some would never stop until the fortunate event of death would take their miserable destitute lives. Plantation owners strongly desired more land and slave labor because cotton was becoming extremely prosperous. In the span of 70 years, a feeble six slave states increased to an impactful fifteen,
Slave owning and slavery in general had a lasting impression on the way the South functions. The validity of the statement completely falls through; the statement makes a false argument on how slavery affected the United States. Slavery in the Antebellum South led to not only an extremely successful growth in economics, but also enhanced the social diversity and community developments between whites and blacks.
Despite the stigma of the wives to be extra mouths to feed, ¬many of these wives would make the food, soap, clothes, and even shoes for not only her family, but also to sell to other families in the area. Alongside this, the wives were employed to take care of the dairies, teach the slave women and girls how to spin thread, make cloth, and act as midwives and nurses to any and all peoples on the plantation. Because of this extra activity and larger role on the plantation, many of the women worked alongside their husbands, rather than beneath. (Sandy 488). For many of these couples, the role of both the man and the women created the perfect training period before they could save up enough money to buy their own land and hire their own slaves. The wives of the plantation supervisors brought social and economic opportunities to plantation life along with domestic stability. For these reasons, the overseer’s wife can be viewed as more than just “peach stealing