She follows a majority of the steps laid out in Campbell’s, “Hero’s Journey”. This means the text of Antigone could be considered a heroic tale depending on how one looks at what Antigone did and how they abstract the ideas and meanings of the text. What she did went against the best overall affect she could receive; however, it allowed a proper burial which meant her brother was able to get into the afterlife. Polyneices did not receive proper justice, although he acted wrongly against Eteocles he should not be eternally damned by not receiving an afterlife. Martin Luther King Jr acted in such a way that allowed the people he fought for get equal rights and opportunities as those oppressing them.
Throughout the play, there was a constant battle between the laws of the gods and the laws of men. Antigone, however, sided with the laws of the gods. She showed no fear when being prosecuted because she believed that the “immortal unrecorded laws of the gods,” reigned higher than the laws of man and were “beyond man utterly”(Scene 2 ll. 57-63). Antigone was faced the charges against her because she knew there would be no immortal punishment waiting for her at the right hand of God.
The works are also similar in the fact that Augustus and Akhenaten both claim to be divine. They are able to do this because of their political power. While both rulers have goals to change their societies’ viewpoints, Akhenaten was not respected to the degree of Augustus. Augustus was respected in Roman society, while Akhenaten, unlike Augustus, made people so angry they wiped out his ka. The House Altar of Akhenaten, Nefertiti, and Three of their Daughters was used as an Altar to worship at in a domestic setting, unlike the Augustus of Prima Porta which was publicly displayed in a Roman marketplace.
Antigone, on the other hand, is the complete opposite in temperament. After going through with the act of breaking the law, she says to Creon, “I did not think your edicts strong enough to overrule the unwritten unalterable laws of God and heaven, you being only a man” (438). Antigone clearly puts the laws of the gods over the laws of man, as she does not think the laws of man are strong enough to overpower them. She disregards man’s laws to serve the higher law. Another major aspect of this conflict is Creon’s sexism.
As Kearns mentions, the poems are not about the gods, but they are rather about human beings. Indeed, the ancient Greek religion comprises of an utter belief in the gods, whereby devotion to them was the key to success. The gods bring Dike, that is, justice to mankind and decide of the people’s fate. This essay will put forward the idea that the gods as presented in the poem is not as necessary as it may seem. Despite being immortal, the gods have flaws.
For example, Danforth frequently spoke of the importance of fairness and justice, however when he found out that Abigail’s testimony was false, he refused to stop those that had been found guilty through Abigail’s testimony from being hanged. This is shown on page 100 in Act 4 of The Crucible where Danforth says, “Mr. Hale, as God have not empowered me like Joshua to stop this sun from rising, so I cannot withhold from them the perfection of their punishment.” It is assumed that the court will uphold morality and justice, yet Danforth’s character shows the inversion of the normal moral order in the
The position of humans in relation to the gods in The Epic of Gilgamesh is a direct reflection of Mesopotamian society’s view in which humans are subservient to the gods’ will. To be more specific, humans are expected to be obedient to the god’s will in their actions and are punished for disobeying. In this manner, even Gilgamesh who is 2/3’s divine, is still subjected to the other positions of humans yet, his defiant nature shows the emotions of the gods when people are disobedient. One of the most relevant scenes that shows human’s positions is when Gilgamesh denies Ishtar’s sexual advances. I this scene, Gilgamesh has just returned from slaying Huwawa and Ishtar comments on Gilgamesh’s beauty and wants to sleep with him.
Judging morality in this play is very difficult. Kreon seems to be in the wrong, but is Antigone not also in the wrong for defying authority? Her civil disobedience was based on her set of morals and her ideals when it comes to the rights of a human being. She backs this up with her religious view as seen here “It was not Zeus who made this proclamation; nor was it Justice dwelling with the gods below who set in place such laws as these for humankind.” (450-453). Antigone seems more morally good and therefore we feel more compassion for her.
This was closely intertwined with the honoring of ancestors which were often times buried beneath the households. There was no specific law which one would have to follow for the God's appeasement, sacrifices and rituals were made as offerings to appease the Gods, as well as excellence in battle, arts, and sports. The Gods were portrayed in Greek literature as possessing overtly human characteristics, and this was applied broadly, as they would quarrel with each other and often times contradict one another in what they believed or supported. Yet one rule was clear, revenge was completely unjustified in Greek mythology and literature. This was because of the belief that revenge was inter-generational and that the thirst for revenge would never be
Society as a whole should not feel the discrimination that they do, but rather the commemorator of them. People are only recognized for the bad qualities in themselves by society, government, and a huge majority of the world. Never has there been a world where everyone has equality. Every citizen’s equal rights should be legally recognized and if they don’t,