Criminology is the wider area that is used to evaluate the context of crime. The scientific study of criminals and crime is used for evaluating the basis and reasons of crime done by people. It makes use of different theories and school of thought in order to analyse the reasons behind criminal activities. The main purpose of this paper is to consider one criminology theory or school of thought. The criminology theory that is used for analysing the requirements of this paper is rational choice theory.
The procedure of case linkage includes analyzing the behaviors of the offender in some specific circumstance (as indicated by the victim report, if accessible, or as derived from the crime scene), and comparing the information with the similar from the database. On the off chance that matches are found, for example the same weapon was utilized in both the crime scenes , the threats used to harm the victim were similar or the violations carried out in a nearby geographical area – this gives the police basis to explore the possibility that crimes committed by the same offender. Offender Profiling There is a absence of the standard agreement of the solid meaning or definition of Profiling, even in academic circles. What we can say for sure is that the end product of Offender Profiling is creating a psychological, and not only psychological portrait of the offender. Criminal psychologist utilizes the data from the crime scene to reach the result about the individual's nature, which carried out the crime.
They need to question and explore links between suspects. If there is any trace of DNA at a crime scene CSI’s have to use the DNA results to trace it back to suspects. A final benefit of being a CSI is that it is mentally challenging. Critical thinking in the field of CSI is important. One needs to use best judgement when analyzing and matching evidence.
INTERGENERATIONAL CRIME Intergenerational transmission does not necessarily mean that disadvantages are physically transmitted but means that some behaviour or characteristic will be evident in both the parent and child. The Intergenerational transmission of behaviour appears to be widespread but this research will primarily focus on the generational transmission of crime. I have chosen to study intergenerational crime because it’s sociologically interesting and relevant in today’s society. The main focus of this research project will be to find out the cause and effect of intergenerational crime and ultimately explain the phenomenon. Intergenerational crime and generational disadvantage is becoming an increasing problem within some societies
First of all, do you know that what is offender profiling? Offender profiling has been defined by different authors using different terminologies such as specific profile analysis, psychological profiling, criminal profiling and criminal personality profiling. However, the underlying concept of definitions remains the same (Jackson and Bekerian, 1997). Beauregard, Lussier and Proulx (2005) state that offender profiling provides some descriptive information about behaviors and personality of an offender by analyzing crime scene characteristics, which can narrow suspects and finally solve the cases. Muller (2000) describes the information which the criminal profiler uses is often taken from the scene of crime, and profilers will take into account
As explained, subjective bias is a critical risk when considering the evidence in the court. Thus, there is a possibility of subjective bias if forensic scientists are embedded with police institutes. As an example, police organizational culture with the hierarchy has the potential power to eliminate or suppress unfavorable evidences. However, on the other hand, if forensic scientists are independent, there is also possibility of scientists working in favor of their clients’ interest. Therefore, it is an important aspect to consider about how to operate this forensic scientists in fair manner that can favor both police and defendants.
Criminal defense advice is counseling given by criminal defense lawyers or attorneys that help resolve legal issues. Criminal defense advisors are experts in criminal law who will be able to provide thorough and competent legal representation to the accused. They provide services to the accused in every stage, from arrest to trial and to appeal. Criminal defense advisors will also be able to explain weak points to the prosecutor concerning the case after studying it thoroughly and reviewing the facts. They will also provide information on the probability of success and the requirements needed to fight the case.
There are many ways in which an officer or investigator can find the motives behind why a crime was committed; however, the use of victimology can be used as an essential tool. For instance, an officer or an investigator may use a crime scene analysis to gain an understanding of the distinctive details of a crime and the crime scenes related to that said crime (Turvey,2011). Within a crime scene analysis, victims are assessed by their risk levels, such as lifestyle and situational. The function of age, physical size, race, marital status, living situation, location of residence, and occupancy; would be considered a lifestyle risk (Burgess, Regehr, & Roberts, 2013). On the other hand, situational risk level can be described as the victims’
Explained below are two of the most enduring models which offer explanations as to how agencies and policies may be shaped and they can usefully be viewed as opposite ends of a continuum since they present contrasting rationale and characteristics - the Crime Control and DueProcess models. (Packer, 1964) Crime control and due process models not only exist within certain periods of history, but they can also exist by actual practice in a criminal courtroom, through the philosophical approach based on the type of case. Before beginning assessment of the criminal justice system, it is important to comprehend how overall cases are completed through the criminal justice process of arrest, probable cause, arraignment, trial, and
There are several psychological theories that have been applied to criminal activity. These theories are believed to impact moral growth and personality ailments in relation to crime. White-collar crimes and strain theory which is a social structure theory as well as hackers and learning theories which is a social process theory are discussed. Social structure theory states that poor individuals are the ones that commit crimes over middle and rich individuals. Criminals who do not have an equal opportunity are strained and will more likely to be involved in crime states the strain theory.