The due process model is seen to focus on the suspect whereas the crime control model focuses on the society. This paper analyzes these two models and based on the rate of crime in the society, makes recommendations as to which is the best model in criminal justice. The principle in law that one is innocent until proven guilty has created much discourse. There are those who feel that the moment that one is arrested, there is reasonable belief that they committed the crime. However, there are those who feel that just as the principle states, one is, and should be taken as a victim and the outcome could be either way: guilty or not guilty.
They are more prone to deviant activities, such as drinking or consuming drugs. Attachment to deviant peers and parents (such as drunks or drug takers) could lead to an increase in the prospect of criminal activities (i.e. the case for Aaron Hernandez). Also, “increases in adolescent behavior problems, such as substance abuse, may result in decreases in parental control and support, and not vice versa” (Siegel, 2011). These are only a few ways to question the cogency of social control theory, but these fallacies illustrate why social control theory is not the only response to crime (but it may be part of it much like rational choice and trait
Control theory suggests that people with weak ties to family or society are more likely to engage in criminal activity oppose to those with a strong family bond or community relation. Furthermore, it states that behavior is affected by what an individual wants the most at any given time. The broken windows theory is also related to the control theory. The broken windows theory states that having an ordered and maintained society will prevent crime from happening. Even small cosmetic changes such as a broken window can change the entire environment.
2. In criminological/sociological study, what are some of the limitations to defining “crime” as only those actions in violation of criminal law? Do you feel that criminologists should limit their study in this way? Support your response. Crime is learned from a person’s interaction within a given society.
Sociological theories suggest that a lack of equal opportunities, neighborhood disarray, and the social environment is the leading cause for crime causation (Hall, n.d.). The sociological theory has a larger impact on the poor and disproportioned. According to the sociological theory crime is due to the environment an individual is subjected too. This is especially true in communities where the crime rate is high. In communities that are inundated with gangs, violence, drugs and murder, juveniles are more likely associate with gangs and violence if it is always visible within their community.
Wilson stated that the causation of child abuse is multifaceted relating to the background of the parent. He mentioned individual and sociological causation such as stress, drugs and alcohol, and the ignorance of raising a child. In regards to stress, he mentioned the community and factors of location and lack of resources. This connected well to the sociological theory of child abuse specifically resource theory that relates to the lack of control by those who are economically disadvantaged and lack of alternatives to punish creating the environment for abuse (Loseke, 43). Drugs and alcohol were another causation that he brought up as a reason for abuse.
Social process theory depends on the interaction between individuals and society as an explanation and is also known as interactionist perspective. This theory assumes that everyone has the potential to violate the law and that criminality is not an innate human characteristic but is instead a belief that criminal behavior is learned by interaction with others (Schmalleger, 2012). Social process feels the socialization process that occurs because of group membership is the main way through which learning occurs (Schmalleger, 2012). Social process theory views criminality as people’s interactions with various organizations, institutions, and processes in society (Siegel, 2000). This theory feels that people from all areas have the potential
The problem with home removal is that the family’s and/or environment are not able to utilize the resources for rehabilitation and sometimes the environment is the explanation from crime; but that can be discussed further on. A first program in review is juvenile boot camps. These programs were developed to mimic adult like boot camps; some offered treatment and skill building, while others implemented military-like discipline (Chambliss, 2011). These types of facilities are showing little to no positive outcome and even more links to higher recidivism in juveniles. While the boot camps brought about new issues within the system, they have also acted as a trial and error piece
Still, through childhood experiences we are able to curve the inclinations with developmental inner regulators absorbed by the practice of socialization. children with poor social experiences are capable of developing disturbances within their personality which causes them to have antisocial impulses bother inward and outward. One of Freud's hypothesizes was broken identification by children with their parents was a mutual part contributing to criminal behaviors. Adolescents that direct their antisocial impulses outwards develop criminal tendencies, while the children who direct these urges inward become neurotic. Within Freud's theory of the Defense Mechanisms, he discovers the unconscious mind is the cause of individual behaviors (Freud, S 1930).
When it comes to punishers there is no set theory on which events will function as a punisher. Thus, if you ignore a behavior, it will not be the best approach for a parent to help the adolescent eliminate certain behaviors. In each situation there has to be a reinforcement and a punishing contingency. These factors influence how a contingency function as a Punisher, this rich history of findings about reinforcement and punishment effects in the laboratory, led to the application of these principles to help people with real life problems. (Cipani.