People all across the world enjoy their right to free movement that is recognized as a fundamental right across national as well as international legal frameworks. In fact, the UDHR, 1948, specifically outlines the same in article 13, which states that “Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state” and “Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.” The world today is home to a burgeoning number of migrants who have move from their country of origin to their host country, on account of several reasons, including economic, political, social and cultural. The number of migrants has doubled since the International Conference on Population and Development that was held in 1994.
International migration is regarded as a phenomenon that has positive impacts on economies in terms of facilitating transfer of knowledge and technology as well as cultural enrichment, thus contributing to the growth and development of economies. However, on the other hand, it is said to have led to loss of human resources for many countries, leading to a constant tensions that arise between countries of origin and destination.
More than a billion people across the globe continue to have problems with the basic needs of life - a handful of rice, drinkable water, and reliable electricity in their homes. These lived realities ascertain the universality of the challenge of inclusion in the largely