We then added 10cm3 ethanoic anhydride to the salicylic acid and swirled the contents, this mixes together the two chemicals. We then added 5 drops of concentrated sulphuric acid to the flask and thoroughly swirled the mixture, this creates the solution that makes the aspirin. We then warmed the flask for 20 minutes in a 400cm3 beaker of hot water which was approximately 60°C, we made sure the flask did not go above 65°C because this could have caused the contents to evaporate. Part 2: Using a 25cm3 measuring cylinder we measured out 15cm3 of ethanol into a boiling tube and then prepared a beaker half filled with hot water at approx. 75°C, we got this temperature by filling the beaker with cold water and slowly adding boiling water from a kettle until we reached the right temperature.
The solution was discarded into the waste bin, and the materials were washed. The second reaction in Part B, sodium hydroxide and ammonium chloride, began by saving the data from the first reaction and setting up the LabQuest to new data collection under the same conditions as the first reaction. The cups were restacked and placed in the beaker. Using a graduated cylinder, 50mL 2M NaOH was added to the cup. The cup was then covered and the temperature probe inserted.
We added sodium carbonate until the pH of the mixture was 8. After neutralize, we collected benzocaine by vacuum filtration. We used a Buchner funnel to collect benzocaine. We used three 10 ml of water to wash the product. After the product was dry, we weighed, calculate the percent yield and determined the melting point of the product.
This was repeated until no more gas was released. Next, the funnel was suspended through a ring, and 10 ml of 5% sodium hydroxide was added. When the two layers were separated in the separatory funnel, the aqueous layer was identified. The two layers were then separated into two different beakers. The water layer was acidified by adding concentrated hydrochloric
In this experiment, racemic 2-methylcyclohexanone was reduced using sodium borohydride as a nucleophile to give a diastereomeric mixture of cis and trans secondary alcohols. The products were analyzed for purity using IR spectroscopy and gas chromatography. 1.2 g of 2-methylcyclohexanone and 10 mL of methanol were combined in a flask and cooled in an ice bath. Two 100 mg portions of sodium borohydride were added to the flask and stirred. 5 mL of 3M sodium hydroxide, 5 mL of de-ionized water, and 15 mL of hexane were added to the reaction flask and stirred.
To this, 80ml of cold water and 15ml of 2M HCl was added to the conical flask. Afterwards, 0.1ml of ferroin solution (as an indicator) was added. Next, titration was performed. The contents in the conical flask was titrated with 0.1M ammonia cerium (IV) sulphate until a yellow solution was produced. The experiment was then repeated without sample B (only the H2SO4 and water in the proportion 3:7, 6ml acid 14ml
Water was removed from the dish, and the Cu was then washed thrice with 5 mL deionized water, and decanted between washings. It was then similarly washed thrice with 5 mL of ethanol. The evaporating dish was then placed on the steam bath to dry until the Cu had a sand-like texture. The bottom of the dish was dried, it was cooled to room temperature, and then its mass was measured and recorded. All the solutions were disposed of in the liquid waste container, the Cu and Al were disposed of in the solid waste container, and the apparatus was cleaned and put
2.4.1. Tetramethyl glucose acetylation 1gm of tetramethyl glucose was dissolved in 5ml of acetic anhydride and added to fused sodium acetate of 0.375gm and mixed for 10 minutes and allowed to cool. To this mixture 7.5ml of toluene and 5ml of dry ether were added. The whole mixture evaporated to syrup on a water bath at 50 °C. The product dissolved in the dry ether after washing with toluene.
Basically, the bottom layer is the aqueous layer while the upper layer is the organic compound. However, this situation may be vice versa due to the relative densities of the two solutions. The extraction process is used to repeat in several times in order to ensure all of the organic compounds are fully drained out. Granular sodium sulfate will act as drying agent to remove the last traces of water from organic
The last step was the formation of Cu(s). This step recovered Solid elemental copper. Al(s) wire was placed in the solution from the last step and 5 drops of HCl along with a stir bar was added to the beaker and this was stirred on the hot plate. Cu(s) precipitate formed on the wire and the solution turned from clear to cloudy until it eventually become a brownish red color. When the reaction was complete the Al(s) wire was scraped with the stirring rod to get off any residual Copper product.